King James Bible
with Catholic Commentary by George Leo Haydock

Old Testament > Zechariah > Home

Zechariah 3

The restoration of the church. (1-5) A promise concerning the Messiah. (6-10)

Zechariah 3 Audio:

Audio clip: Adobe Flash Player (version 9 or above) is required to play this audio clip. Download the latest version here. You also need to have JavaScript enabled in your browser.

The restoration of the church

1 And he shewed me Joshua the high priest standing before the angel of the LORD, and Satan standing at his right hand to resist him.

2 And the LORD said unto Satan, The LORD rebuke thee, O Satan; even the LORD that hath chosen Jerusalem rebuke thee: is not this a brand plucked out of the fire?

3 Now Joshua was clothed with filthy garments, and stood before the angel.

4 And he answered and spake unto those that stood before him, saying, Take away the filthy garments from him. And unto him he said, Behold, I have caused thine iniquity to pass from thee, and I will clothe thee with change of raiment.

5 And I said, Let them set a fair mitre upon his head. So they set a fair mitre upon his head, and clothed him with garments. And the angel of the LORD stood by.

A promise concerning the Messiah

6 And the angel of the LORD protested unto Joshua, saying,

7 Thus saith the LORD of hosts; If thou wilt walk in my ways, and if thou wilt keep my charge, then thou shalt also judge my house, and shalt also keep my courts, and I will give thee places to walk among these that stand by.

8 Hear now, O Joshua the high priest, thou, and thy fellows that sit before thee: for they are men wondered at: for, behold, I will bring forth my servant the BRANCH.

9 For behold the stone that I have laid before Joshua; upon one stone shall be seven eyes: behold, I will engrave the graving thereof, saith the LORD of hosts, and I will remove the iniquity of that land in one day.

10 In that day, saith the LORD of hosts, shall ye call every man his neighbour under the vine and under the fig tree.

« »

G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 1. Jesus, or Josue, the son of Josedec, the high priest of that time. Ch. — To him this literally refers. W. — As high priest, he represented the nation, whom several calumniated to Darius. 1 Esd. iv. &c. God represses the adversary and adorns his people. It seems something has been done amiss. v. 4. C. — The high priest, (S. Jer.) or rather his sons, have married strangers. Chal. 1 Esd. x. 18. Many Fathers take Jesus for a figure of the Messias, covered with the sins of mankind. C. — But the Orient (v. 8) would not thus be promised unto him, (S. Jer.) unless we consider him also as high priest. — Satan. Sept. “the devil;” the accuser and calumniator. Apoc. xii. 10.

Ver. 2. The Lord said. This may refer to the angel, or to the Father and the Son. Ps. cix. Both are styled Jehovah. — Bread, alluding to the nation, or to Jesus. Have not the suffered enough? Amos iv. 11. C.

Ver. 3. Garments. Negligences and sins. Ch. — Jesus had neglected to urge the building of the temple, or to repress unlawful marriages. 1 Esd. viii. W.

Ver. 4. Change, such as were worn on festivals. This shewed that the people should exchange adversity for joy.

Ver. 5. Mitre, (cydarim) the pontiff’s tiara, of byssus. Ex. xxviii. 4.

Ver. 7. Judge. The high priests were at the head till the Machabees. Jos. Ant. xi. 4. and xx. 8. — Yet the nation was, (C.) till Simon, (H.) always dependent; and the judges were under foreign kings or governors. C. — Give thee, &c. Angels to attend and assist thee. Ch. — They are promised to help the pastors of the Church. W. — They shall give information. v. 9. Ex. xxiii. 20. C. — Of them. Sept. “who shall converse in the midst of these who stand:” (H.) thy children shall succeed in the pontificate. Theod.

Ver. 8. Portending men. That is, men who by words and actions are to foreshew wonders that are to come; (Ch.) or rather they require prodigies before they will take courage to build the temple; or they understand how to explain such things. C. — Orient; Christ, who according to his humanity is the servant of God, is called the Orient, from his rising like the sun in the east to enlighten the world. Ch. — S. Luke explains this of Christ, (W.) recording the words of Zacharias. H. — Christ’s birth was most pure. He gave light to the world. Some would explain this of Zorobabel; but as he was already present, it would seem more applicable to Nehemias. Yet both were only figures of Christ, and could not efface the iniquity of Juda, &c. The Messias is styled the Bud, C. vi. 12. Is. iv. 2. &c. C. — Tsemach signifies either “the bud or the orient.” H.

Ver. 9. The stone. Another emblem of Christ, the rock, foundation, and corner-stone of his Church. — Eyes. The manifold providence of Christ over his Church, or the seven gifts of the Spirit of God. Ch. — The Jews were lately returned from a country where seven chief officers were styled “the king’s eyes,” having to inform him of the conduct of governors, &c. Zorobabel shall build the temple, as a figure of Christ establishing his Church. C. iv. 10. — Grave. Sept. “dig a pit.” The rest agree with us. Christ adorns and instructs his Church. C. — Day. The day of the passion of Christ, the source of all our good: when this precious stone shall be graved, that is cut and pierced with whips, thorns, nails, and spear. Ch.

Ver. 10. Tree. All shall be peace and concord. H. — They shall communicate to each other spiritual goods, abounding in the Church. M.