King James Bible
with Catholic Commentary by George Leo Haydock

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Zechariah 2

The prosperity of Jerusalem. (1-5) The Jews called to return to their own land. (6-9) A promise of God’s presence. (10-13)

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The prosperity of Jerusalem

1 I lifted up mine eyes again, and looked, and behold a man with a measuring line in his hand.

2 Then said I, Whither goest thou? And he said unto me, To measure Jerusalem, to see what is the breadth thereof, and what is the length thereof.

3 And, behold, the angel that talked with me went forth, and another angel went out to meet him,

4 And said unto him, Run, speak to this young man, saying, Jerusalem shall be inhabited as towns without walls for the multitude of men and cattle therein:

5 For I, saith the LORD, will be unto her a wall of fire round about, and will be the glory in the midst of her.

The Jews called to return to their own land

6 Ho, ho, come forth, and flee from the land of the north, saith the LORD: for I have spread you abroad as the four winds of the heaven, saith the LORD.

7 Deliver thyself, O Zion, that dwellest with the daughter of Babylon.

8 For thus saith the LORD of hosts; After the glory hath he sent me unto the nations which spoiled you: for he that toucheth you toucheth the apple of his eye.

9 For, behold, I will shake mine hand upon them, and they shall be a spoil to their servants: and ye shall know that the LORD of hosts hath sent me.

A promise of God’s presence

10 Sing and rejoice, O daughter of Zion: for, lo, I come, and I will dwell in the midst of thee, saith the LORD.

11 And many nations shall be joined to the LORD in that day, and shall be my people: and I will dwell in the midst of thee, and thou shalt know that the LORD of hosts hath sent me unto thee.

12 And the LORD shall inherit Judah his portion in the holy land, and shall choose Jerusalem again.

13 Be silent, O all flesh, before the LORD: for he is raised up out of his holy habitation.

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G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 3. Another. The angel who measured spoke to Michael. C.

Ver. 4. Walls. This must be understood of the spiritual Jerusalem, the Church of Christ. Ch. — According to S. Aug. (in Ps. lxxi.) when the literal sense cannot be verified, we must have recourse to the thing prefigured; and thus what is here written, must be explained of the Church rather than of Jerusalem. W. — A little before the fall of the latter, it was become so populous that the houses which had been built without the walls were enclosed. Jos. Bel. vi. 6. — this multitude was a sort of pledge or figure of the crowds which should embrace the gospel.

Ver. 5. Fire, to enlighten and protect it. Arms will be unnecessary. Mic. v. 10. Is. ii. 4. The Church shall enjoy peace.

Ver. 6. North. Many Jews had not yet returned, Esther, &c. — Winds. Ezec. v. 2, 12. C. — Gentiles, and ye children of Sion, flee from Babylon and from sin into the true Church. W.

Ver. 8. Glory. After restoring you to your own country, and rebuilding your cities, I will punish your enemies. C. — After they have enjoyed prosperity, they shall feel the reverse. Heb. Cabod, (H.) means also “a burden.”

Ver. 9. Prey. Two years after this (C.) the Assyrians revolted, and seized Babylon. Justin i. — They slew the useless women: but Zopyrus betrayed the place to Darius, who hung 3,000 of the principal inhabitants, and demolished the walls. Herod. iii. 150. Usher, A. 3489.

Ver. 11. Nations. We know of none who embrace the Jewish law. But both the old and the new world submits to Christ. — Dwell. S. Michael represents the Messias. The latter preached and wrought miracles among the Jews, which rendered them inexcusable. John xv. 24. C.

Ver. 13. Silent: obey with reverence. H. See Hab. ii. 20. and 1 Mac. i. 3. C. — Habitation, becoming man. M.