King James Bible
with Catholic Commentary by George Leo Haydock

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Song of Solomon 6

Inquiry where Christ must be sought. (1) Where Christ may be found. (2,3) Christ’s commendations of the church. (4-10) The work of grace in the believer. (11-13)

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Inquiry where Christ must be sought

1 Whither is thy beloved gone, O thou fairest among women? whither is thy beloved turned aside? that we may seek him with thee.

Where Christ may be found

2 My beloved is gone down into his garden, to the beds of spices, to feed in the gardens, and to gather lilies.

3 I am my beloved’s, and my beloved is mine: he feedeth among the lilies.

Christ’s commendations of the church

4 Thou art beautiful, O my love, as Tirzah, comely as Jerusalem, terrible as an army with banners.

5 Turn away thine eyes from me, for they have overcome me: thy hair is as a flock of goats that appear from Gilead.

6 Thy teeth are as a flock of sheep which go up from the washing, whereof every one beareth twins, and there is not one barren among them.

7 As a piece of a pomegranate are thy temples within thy locks.

8 There are threescore queens, and fourscore concubines, and virgins without number.

9 My dove, my undefiled is but one; she is the only one of her mother, she is the choice one of her that bare her. The daughters saw her, and blessed her; yea, the queens and the concubines, and they praised her.

10 Who is she that looketh forth as the morning, fair as the moon, clear as the sun, and terrible as an army with banners?

The work of grace in the believer

11 I went down into the garden of nuts to see the fruits of the valley, and to see whether the vine flourished and the pomegranates budded.

12 Or ever I was aware, my soul made me like the chariots of Amminadib.

13 Return, return, O Shulamite; return, return, that we may look upon thee. What will ye see in the Shulamite? As it were the company of two armies.

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G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 1. Lilies. The church teaches, that God is delighted with the pious desires and works of the faithful. W. — She answers the question which had been put to her. C. — God associates lilies, or the perfect, to his angels. He “feeds his flock,” and “is fed,” on works of piety, as Heb. and Sept. imply both. M.

Ver. 2. Beloved. She speaks thus, when she finds him, and runs to his embraces, having found what trouble her neglect had occasioned. C.

Ver. 3. Thou. Christ again commends his Church, which is well composed of distinct orders, some governing, others retired from the world, and the rest exercising works of mercy, amid its troubles, who altogether form a complete army, terrible to all her enemies. W. — Jerusalem. Which was then one of the finest cities in the east. C. The Catholic Church resembles the heavenly Jerusalem. Theod. — Terrible. So great is the power of love, (Rom. viii. 35.) in the martyrs, and of the Church, against infidels! C. — She is lovely to Christ, and terrible to the wicked. Even her spouse is wounded by her glance. M.

Ver. 4. Turn. The more one contemplates God’s majesty, the more he will be convinced that it is incomprehensible. W. — To pry into mysteries, may cause Christ to retire. Theod. &c.

Ver. 7. Number. The true pastors are numerous, but hirelings more so. The faithful are innumerable, and all are united in the same faith. W. — The spouse and the queens represent the more prefect; the concubines, or wives of inferior degree, those who are led by fear; and the maidens, such as are languid and negligent. Orig. — The Roman Church is at the head of all metropolitan, episcopal, and parochial Churches. H.

Ver. 9. Who. The companions of the spouse, (C.) or the synagogue, admire the Christian Church. W. — Morning. Aurora. The Church dissipated the darkness of paganism; she appeared as the moon under persecution, and as the sun, after the conversion of Constantine. C. — The like will happen in the days of antichrist. Ven. Bede. — The religion of the patriarchs may be compared to the morning-star: that of Moses, to the moon; and of Christ, to the sun. M.

Ver. 11. Aminadab. The devil, (Theod.) or probably some renowned general. Aquila explains it “of the people’s leader,” (C.) or “munificent one.” Mont. — I knew not what forced me to flee with such speed, as if I had been panic-struck, (C.) or the spouse professes that she knew not that he had retired into the garden of nuts, or she would not have been under apprehensions of his being ill-treated by Aminadab, as Christ was by Pilate. M.