King James Bible
with Catholic Commentary by George Leo Haydock

Old Testament > Song of Solomon > Home

Song of Solomon 3

The trials of the church by the withdrawing of Christ. (1-5) The excellences of the church, The care of Christ for her. (6-11)

Song of Solomon 3 Audio:

Audio clip: Adobe Flash Player (version 9 or above) is required to play this audio clip. Download the latest version here. You also need to have JavaScript enabled in your browser.

The trials of the church by the withdrawing of Christ

1 By night on my bed I sought him whom my soul loveth: I sought him, but I found him not.

2 I will rise now, and go about the city in the streets, and in the broad ways I will seek him whom my soul loveth: I sought him, but I found him not.

3 The watchmen that go about the city found me: to whom I said, Saw ye him whom my soul loveth?

4 It was but a little that I passed from them, but I found him whom my soul loveth: I held him, and would not let him go, until I had brought him into my mother’s house, and into the chamber of her that conceived me.

5 I charge you, O ye daughters of Jerusalem, by the roes, and by the hinds of the field, that ye stir not up, nor awake my love, till he please.

The excellences of the church, The care of Christ for her

6 Who is this that cometh out of the wilderness like pillars of smoke, perfumed with myrrh and frankincense, with all powders of the merchant?

7 Behold his bed, which is Solomon’s; threescore valiant men are about it, of the valiant of Israel.

8 They all hold swords, being expert in war: every man hath his sword upon his thigh because of fear in the night.

9 King Solomon made himself a chariot of the wood of Lebanon.

10 He made the pillars thereof of silver, the bottom thereof of gold, the covering of it of purple, the midst thereof being paved with love, for the daughters of Jerusalem.

11 Go forth, O ye daughters of Zion, and behold king Solomon with the crown wherewith his mother crowned him in the day of his espousals, and in the day of the gladness of his heart.

« »

G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 1. Bed. The Church, finding Christ by his own revelation, and not by philosophy, holds him fast. W. — He had delayed coming at the usual hour, to give us to understand, that he is not found amid delights, nor in a crowd, but that we must seek him diligently, like Magdalene. Jo. xx. S. Amb. de Isaac. — The apostles endeavoured to convert the synagogue, but their offers were rejected, and the guards, or princes, persecuted them. M. C. v. 7. H.

Ver. 3. City. To prevent fires, &c. God will require the souls of the flock at the hands of his pastors.

Ver. 4. Me. She was perhaps dead. Women had separate apartments, to which none but the husband could have access. Gen. xxiv. 28. At the end of the marriage-feast, the bride was conducted to her husband’s house. Matt. xxv. 1. C. — The Jews shall in the end acknowledge Christ, (W.) as the Church desires. M.

Ver. 5. I. The bridegroom (C.) speaks as c. ii. 7. (W.) and c. viii. 4. He retires early.

Ver. 6. Who. The female companions of the spouse, (C.) or the bridegroom’s friends, (M.) admire her at a distance. C. vi. 9. and viii. 5. C. — The converted Gentiles change the desert of the world into a paradise, by their good works, which ascend like a perfume. S. Greg. They admire their own conversion, and proclaim that we must fight for heaven, (W.) and adore Christ, the God-man; imitating all his virtues, (H.) and preaching his gospel. M.

Ver. 7. Bed. Being stationed at the door to prevent any alarm, v. 8. C. — In the Church Christ finds his repose, and daily produces the only heirs of heaven. Ven. Bede. — The angels, saints and pastors watch to defend it against the spirits of darkness. M.

Ver. 9. Litter. Sept. to conduct his spouse with solemnity; or a throne; though it most probably denotes the bridal bed. C. — Heb. apiron. Greek, foreion.

Ver. 10. Going. Prot. “covering of it of purple.” H. — Death must be endured, if necessary, for the sake of the faith, as this is the highest degree of charity. W. — He, &c. Heb. “is prepared for the beloved above the,” &c. See Od. v. 660. C. — Prot. and Pagn. “the midst thereof being paved (Mont. set on fire) with love for (Mont. by) the daughters.” H. — The most desirable things adorn the litter, or the Church, that all may come to her, who has God to guide her decisions. M.

Ver. 11. Go. All are invited to come to Christ, who, in his sacred humanity, which he took of his mother, was crowned in heaven, after his passion. W. S. Greg. Alcuin. — The synagogue crowned him with thorns, and gave him the hard bed of the cross. S. Bern. S. Anselm, &c. — Bethsabee might live to see the marriage of her son, who owed the crown to her. 3 K. i. 18. Prov. iv. 3. Both the parties were crowned, (Is. lxi. 10.) and no doubt Solomon would display his usual magnificence. The diadem was a bandage, adorned with embroidery, and precious stones. C.