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Proverbs 22

Proverbs 22 Audio:

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1 A GOOD name is rather to be chosen than great riches, and loving favour rather than silver and gold.

2 The rich and poor meet together: the LORD is the maker of them all.

3 A prudent man foreseeth the evil, and hideth himself: but the simple pass on, and are punished.

4 By humility and the fear of the LORD are riches, and honour, and life.

5 Thorns and snares are in the way of the froward: he that doth keep his soul shall be far from them.

6 Train up a child in the way he should go: and when he is old, he will not depart from it.

7 The rich ruleth over the poor, and the borrower is servant to the lender.

8 He that soweth iniquity shall reap vanity: and the rod of his anger shall fail.

9 He that hath a bountiful eye shall be blessed; for he giveth of his bread to the poor.

10 Cast out the scorner, and contention shall go out; yea, strife and reproach shall cease.

11 He that loveth pureness of heart, for the grace of his lips the king shall be his friend.

12 The eyes of the LORD preserve knowledge, and he overthroweth the words of the transgressor.

13 The slothful man saith, There is a lion without, I shall be slain in the streets.

14 The mouth of strange women is a deep pit: he that is abhorred of the LORD shall fall therein.

15 Foolishness is bound in the heart of a child; but the rod of correction shall drive it far from him.

16 He that oppresseth the poor to increase his riches, and he that giveth to the rich, shall surely come to want.

17 Bow down thine ear, and hear the words of the wise, and apply thine heart unto my knowledge.

18 For it is a pleasant thing if thou keep them within thee; they shall withal be fitted in thy lips.

19 That thy trust may be in the LORD, I have made known to thee this day, even to thee.

20 Have not I written to thee excellent things in counsels and knowledge,

21 That I might make thee know the certainty of the words of truth; that thou mightest answer the words of truth to them that send unto thee?

22 Rob not the poor, because he is poor: neither oppress the afflicted in the gate:

23 For the LORD will plead their cause, and spoil the soul of those that spoiled them.

24 Make no friendship with an angry man; and with a furious man thou shalt not go:

25 Lest thou learn his ways, and get a snare to thy soul.

26 Be not thou one of them that strike hands, or of them that are sureties for debts.

27 If thou hast nothing to pay, why should he take away thy bed from under thee?

28 Remove not the ancient landmark, which thy fathers have set.

29 Seest thou a man diligent in his business? he shall stand before kings; he shall not stand before mean men.

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G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 1. Good. Heb. “a name,” or reputation. H. — It is preferable to riches, but not to be compared with virtue, which is the only solid good; and even to be placed above riches, it must be well grounded. C. — Favour with all. H.

Ver. 2. Another. They stand in need of one another. S. Chrys. hom. xxxiv. in 1 Cor. — They are equal in God’s sight, who only values real virtue. He disposes of riches, so that the poor may one day become rich. C.

Ver. 4. Fruit. Lit. “the end of modesty, (H.) or moderation, which must accompany every virtue.

Ver. 5. Perverse. They are always in danger and in trouble.

Ver. 6. It is a proverb, is added by S. Jerom, to make the sentence more striking. — It. He is like a tender plant, (C.) or wax, or a new vessel.

Quo semel est imbuta recens servabit odorem

Testa diu. Hor. ep. i. ad Lol.

— “Shall wool regain its whiteness after it has been dyed purple?” S. Jer. ad Lætam. — Heb. “initiate a young,” &c. Proportion your lessons to his capacity, and make him relish them.

Ver. 7. Servant. He might be sold, &c. Ex. xxii. 3. Matt. xviii. 25. Gell. xx. 1. Plato (Leg. viii.) would have nothing sold on credit. These laws appear to be severe; but they are founded on wisdom, as nothing impoverishes more than the facility of borrowing.

Ver. 8. Consumed. Or beaten with the flail of God’s anger.

Ver. 9. Is. Heb. “has a good eye,” in opposition to the evil, or malicious one. Matt. xx. 15. — He, &c. is not in Heb. or in the Lat. edit. of Comp. and S. Jer.

Ver. 11. He. Sept. “the Lord loveth pious hearts. All the irreproachable are acceptable to him. The king feeds with lips,” by his just ordinances. H. — Kings hate duplicity; but require that the truth should be disclosed to them in a suitable manner.

Ver. 13. Streets. Vain excuses of sloth!

Ver. 14. It. Debauchery resembles hell. C. xxiii. 23. C. — Facilis descensus Averni, &c. Æn. vi.

Ver. 15. Folly. Ignorance and innate corruption are corrected by a good education.

Ver. 17. Incline. Thus Solomon concludes his discourse, (c. xxiv. 23.) in the same manner as he began it, to chap. x. Some commence the third book of Proverbs in this place; others, c. xxv. C.

Ver. 18. Lips. Out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaketh. H.

Ver. 20. Ways. Repeatedly. Boss. T. 2 Cor. xii. 8. Amos i. 11. C. — Prot. “have not I written to thee excellent things in counsels and knowledge?” “Shalishim,” perfect, (Pagn.) or “three things,” (Mont.) means also (H.) such as might suit princes and great officers. C.

Ver. 21. Sent. Sept. “are sent to thee.” Thou mayst become a teacher, (H.) or give satisfaction to thy parents, who have sent thee to my school. C.

Ver. 22. Gate. Where judges passed sentence. M.

Ver. 25. Soul. By imitating him, or by falling a victim to his rage.

Ver. 26. Hands. Engaging to stand bond. H. c. vi. 1. — Such a one might be required to pay the debt. C. xx. 16.

Ver. 28. Set. The pagans made a god of Terminus, to prevent disputes. Ovid. Fast. ii. — If it be unlawful to disturb land-marks, how much more so is it to give way to novelty in religion? Deut. xix. 14. C. — Solomon is addressing those who follow the true faith. Else the conduct of infidel ancestors should not deter any from embracing the truth. H.

Ver. 29. Obscure. By industry he shall raise himself to notice. H. — Kings employ those who are most active. C.