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Proverbs 21

Proverbs 21 Audio:

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1 The king’s heart is in the hand of the LORD, as the rivers of water: he turneth it whithersoever he will.

2 Every way of a man is right in his own eyes: but the LORD pondereth the hearts.

3 To do justice and judgment is more acceptable to the LORD than sacrifice.

4 An high look, and a proud heart, and the plowing of the wicked, is sin.

5 The thoughts of the diligent tend only to plenteousness; but of every one that is hasty only to want.

6 The getting of treasures by a lying tongue is a vanity tossed to and fro of them that seek death.

7 The robbery of the wicked shall destroy them; because they refuse to do judgment.

8 The way of man is froward and strange: but as for the pure, his work is right.

9 It is better to dwell in a corner of the housetop, than with a brawling woman in a wide house.

10 The soul of the wicked desireth evil: his neighbour findeth no favour in his eyes.

11 When the scorner is punished, the simple is made wise: and when the wise is instructed, he receiveth knowledge.

12 The righteous man wisely considereth the house of the wicked: but God overthroweth the wicked for their wickedness.

13 Whoso stoppeth his ears at the cry of the poor, he also shall cry himself, but shall not be heard.

14 A gift in secret pacifieth anger: and a reward in the bosom strong wrath.

15 It is joy to the just to do judgment: but destruction shall be to the workers of iniquity.

16 The man that wandereth out of the way of understanding shall remain in the congregation of the dead.

17 He that loveth pleasure shall be a poor man: he that loveth wine and oil shall not be rich.

18 The wicked shall be a ransom for the righteous, and the transgressor for the upright.

19 It is better to dwell in the wilderness, than with a contentious and an angry woman.

20 There is treasure to be desired and oil in the dwelling of the wise; but a foolish man spendeth it up.

21 He that followeth after righteousness and mercy findeth life, righteousness, and honour.

22 A wise man scaleth the city of the mighty, and casteth down the strength of the confidence thereof.

23 Whoso keepeth his mouth and his tongue keepeth his soul from troubles.

24 Proud and haughty scorner is his name, who dealeth in proud wrath.

25 The desire of the slothful killeth him; for his hands refuse to labour.

26 He coveteth greedily all the day long: but the righteous giveth and spareth not.

27 The sacrifice of the wicked is abomination: how much more, when he bringeth it with a wicked mind?

28 A false witness shall perish: but the man that heareth speaketh constantly.

29 A wicked man hardeneth his face: but as for the upright, he directeth his way.

30 There is no wisdom nor understanding nor counsel against the LORD.

31 The horse is prepared against the day of battle: but safety is of the LORD.

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G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 1. It. Though it be free, and may resist grace or embrace virtue. Is. xlv. 22. Jer. iii. 14. and vii. 3. Jos. xxiv. 23. C. — Yet God knows how to turn the heart even of a king, so as to preserve his liberty, with the same ease as a gardener brings the streams of water to his plants. M.

Ver. 3. Mercy. Sept. “justice and truth.” H. See Os. vi. 6. M.

Ver. 4. Heart. Or when it is proud, it causes the eyes to appear so too. C. — Lamp. Prot. “ploughing of the wicked is sin.” When it is done with a bad motive, out of pride. Heb. “the haughtiness of the eyes, and the enlarging of the heart, are the labour (“tillage.“ Mont. “thought.“ Pagn.) of the wicked; yea, sin.” H. — Those things are their employment, and their sin. C. — Sept. and Vulg. may also mean, “sin is the lamp and exultation of the wicked.” H.

Ver. 5. Sluggard. Heb. “hasty man,” as the slothful is ironically styled. He would see his desires accomplished without labouring; and will never stick to work. This levity is most injurious to his advancement.

Ver. 6. Death. Their injustice shall be punished.

Ver. 8. Strange. Unknown, impure way. Lev. x. 1. Deut. xvii. 15. C.

Ver. 9. Top, (domatis) as the roofs in Palestine were flat. S. Jer. ad Sun. — Any inconvenience had better be endured, than to live with the quarrelsome. M.

Ver. 10. Neighbour. Sym. “he has no idea of friendship.” Sept. “he shall not be treated with mercy by any man.” H.

Ver. 11. Knowledge. These are the effects of chastisements and good company.

Ver. 12. Evil. He tries every expedient to save him. — That. Sept. “he despises.” Sym. “throws down.”

Ver. 14. Bosom. In private. C. — They put all valuable things in the bosom. H.

Ver. 15. To do judgment. Or to see it done, while the wicked depend only on the corruption of their judges.

Ver. 16. Giants, in hell. C. xv. 11. Job xxvi. 5. Ezec. xxii. 21.

Ver. 17. Rich. Economy is constantly recommended. C. — Those who squandered away their goods, were fined by the Areopagites. Athen. iv. 19.

Ver. 18. Righteous. Many are deterred from wickedness by the punishment of malefactors, whose injuries are frequently irreparable. God abandoned Pharao and Aman to save his people. He treated them as victims of wrath. Is. xliii. 3.

Ver. 20. Treasure of provisions. Temporal blessings were promised as a figure of more lasting ones, which are set before Christians.

Ver. 22. Thereof. Nothing can resist. Matt. xii. 29. Eccle. ix. 16. C.

Ver. 23. Mouth, from eating too much. Lyran.

Ver. 24. Ignorant. Heb. “a scoffer.” Sept. “pestilent.” H. — Such a one is always actuated by pride, when he attempts to turn good advice and religion to ridicule.

Ver. 25. At all. Hence his desires of riches and wisdom prove fruitless. C. xiii. 4.

Ver. 27. Wickedness. Heb. “with an evil thought.” Mont. Eccli. xxxiv. 24. H.

Ver. 28. Obedient. Attentive, faithful witness, shall speak with triumph, or he who obeys the law, shall gain the victory over the devil, &c. Phil. ii. 8.

Ver. 29. Face. Never blushing, or yielding to good advice.

Ver. 31. Battle. It was kept for no other purpose by the eastern nations, who used oxen to till the land; asses and camels to carry burdens. Job xxxix. 18. Ps. xix. 8. and xxxii. 17. C.