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Proverbs 19

Proverbs 19 Audio:

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1 Better is the poor that walketh in his integrity, than he that is perverse in his lips, and is a fool.

2 Also, that the soul be without knowledge, it is not good; and he that hasteth with his feet sinneth.

3 The foolishness of man perverteth his way: and his heart fretteth against the LORD.

4 Wealth maketh many friends; but the poor is separated from his neighbour.

5 A false witness shall not be unpunished, and he that speaketh lies shall not escape.

6 Many will intreat the favour of the prince: and every man is a friend to him that giveth gifts.

7 All the brethren of the poor do hate him: how much more do his friends go far from him? he pursueth them with words, yet they are wanting to him.

8 He that getteth wisdom loveth his own soul: he that keepeth understanding shall find good.

9 A false witness shall not be unpunished, and he that speaketh lies shall perish.

10 Delight is not seemly for a fool; much less for a servant to have rule over princes.

11 The discretion of a man deferreth his anger; and it is his glory to pass over a transgression.

12 The king’s wrath is as the roaring of a lion; but his favour is as dew upon the grass.

13 A foolish son is the calamity of his father: and the contentions of a wife are a continual dropping.

14 House and riches are the inheritance of fathers: and a prudent wife is from the LORD.

15 Slothfulness casteth into a deep sleep; and an idle soul shall suffer hunger.

16 He that keepeth the commandment keepeth his own soul; but he that despiseth his ways shall die.

17 He that hath pity upon the poor lendeth unto the LORD; and that which he hath given will he pay him again.

18 Chasten thy son while there is hope, and let not thy soul spare for his crying.

19 A man of great wrath shall suffer punishment: for if thou deliver him, yet thou must do it again.

20 Hear counsel, and receive instruction, that thou mayest be wise in thy latter end.

21 There are many devices in a man’s heart; nevertheless the counsel of the LORD, that shall stand.

22 The desire of a man is his kindness: and a poor man is better than a liar.

23 The fear of the LORD tendeth to life: and he that hath it shall abide satisfied; he shall not be visited with evil.

24 A slothful man hideth his hand in his bosom, and will not so much as bring it to his mouth again.

25 Smite a scorner, and the simple will beware: and reprove one that hath understanding, and he will understand knowledge.

26 He that wasteth his father, and chaseth away his mother, is a son that causeth shame, and bringeth reproach.

27 Cease, my son, to hear the instruction that causeth to err from the words of knowledge.

28 An ungodly witness scorneth judgment: and the mouth of the wicked devoureth iniquity.

29 Judgments are prepared for scorners, and stripes for the back of fools.

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G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 1. Rich, is not in Heb. Sept. Compl. or S. Jerom. C. — But as there is not antithesis between a poor man and a fool, it ought to be inserted, as it is in the Syriac, which reads, “than he who is perverse in his ways, though he be rich.” The MS. 2 confirms “ways.” Kennicott.

Ver. 2. Soul. Wholesome and spiritual. Heb. “the soul or life is not good.” — Stumble. “The more I make haste, the less I advance,” said Plato; (Rep. 7.) and Augustus often repeated; Sat cito, si sat benè. Sueton.

Ver. 3. Fretteth. Lit. “burneth.” Sept. “blameth.” Heb. “his heart rageth against the Lord.” H. — Thus Adam tacitly laid the blame on him, as all those who excuse themselves on account of their temper, habits, stars, the violence of temptation, &c. C.

Ver. 7. Only. Heb. has lo, and the marg. lu, with the Vulg. C. — The former word intimates that the words have no solidity, and the latter that they shall be his only portion who is so foolish as to trust in them. Sequens dicta non ispa; (Mont.) or ei ipsa, if we follow the margin. H.

Ver. 8. Mind. Heb. “heart,” intelligence. C. xv. 32. — Loveth. This does not contradict the gospel; (Jo. xii. 25.) as those who refrain from what the soul would crave to its own detriment, truly love it.

Ver. 10. Fool. He would eat them, so as to prejudice his health. — Princes. C. xxx. 21. Such are commonly insolent, and should attend to Ausonius. Fortunam reverenter habe.

Ver. 11. Wrongs. The wise man is not vindictive or punctilious.

Ver. 12. Anger. Is not their dominion enough? Having none to admonish them, they do not perceive their excesses.

Ver. 13. Through. It cannot be endured long. C. — Dos est uxoria lites. Ovid. Art. 1. — “Quarrels are a wife’s dowry.”

Ver. 14. Properly. Sept. “fitted by.” H. — Hence the Fathers dissuade marrying with infidels. S. Amb. in Lu. xvi. — All good comes from God.

Ver. 15. Hunger. Both temporal and eternal. C. — Non progredi, regredi est. S. Bernard says, “Not to advance, is to go back.”

Ver. 16. Neglecteth. Heb. “contemneth.” In the law of Moses, many transgressions are punished with death, but here that of the soul is meant. C.

Ver. 17. Lendeth. To receive interest, fœneratur. H. — Such usury is lawful, and God will abundantly reward acts of mercy. C. — He engages his word for the poor. S. Aug. in Ps. xxxvi.

Ver. 18. Killing. Prot. “crying;” or by his complaint be not deterred. H. — Chal. agrees with us. The law permitted parents to sell their children, and to have them stoned to death, if they declared them disobedient, (Deut. xxi. 18. C.) and riotous, v. 20. Timely chastisement may prevent such extremities. H. — S. Paul dissuades unnecessary severity. Col. iii. 21.

Ver. 19. Thing. A child neglected will continue to steal, or to offend; (C.) while too much harshness will do no good, but tend to the damage of all parties. H. — Anger is productive of the worst effects.

Ver. 21. Firm. Ignorance and weakness cause men to change.

Ver. 22. Merciful. Heb. ii. 17. Non ignara mali miseris succurrere disco. Æn. 4. — Heb. “the desire of a man is his mercy,” (Mont. H.) or “shame,” (R. Levi) as it leads to sin. Gen. vi. 5. All wish to be esteemed merciful. — Man of quality. Heb. meish, “prœ viro.” Mont. — “Rich man.” Sept. H.

Ver. 23. Life. Both temporal and eternal. C. x. 27. C. — With evil. Lit. “the worst,” pessima. H. — Sixtus V. “by the most wicked one.” The devil shall have no power over him.

Ver. 24. Arm-pit. Or Heb. tsallachath, “in the pot,” out of which he eats; which shews his negligence. — Mouth, to eat. This hyperbole indicates that he is too lazy to take the necessary sustenance. C. xxvi. 15. C. — Sept. “in his breast unjustly. Neither will he bring them to his mouth.” H. — He will bestow nothing, and shall reap no benefit from his avarice. S. Bern. — He will not practise what he teaches. S. Greg. Mor. xii. 10.

Ver. 25. Wicked. Heb. “scoffer.” Chastisements have always some good effect either on the sufferer, or on the spectators, who will be cautioned not to imitate what is wrong.

Ver. 26. Infamous. Heb. “a son of confusion and reproach;” a spendthrift.

Ver. 27. Not. Heb. seems to say the reverse. C. — But we may read it with an interrogation. “Wilt thou cease?” &c. Or the instruction here meant is of a dangerous nature. Prot. “that causeth to err from the words of knowledge.” Sept. “a son who neglects to keep the instruction of his father, shall muse on bad sayings.” H.

Ver. 29. Hammers, (Sym.) “punishments.” Sept. See Judg. v. 25. C.