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Proverbs 18

Proverbs 18 Audio:

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1 Through desire a man, having separated himself, seeketh and intermeddleth with all wisdom.

2 A fool hath no delight in understanding, but that his heart may discover itself.

3 When the wicked cometh, then cometh also contempt, and with ignominy reproach.

4 The words of a man’s mouth are as deep waters, and the wellspring of wisdom as a flowing brook.

5 It is not good to accept the person of the wicked, to overthrow the righteous in judgment.

6 A fool’s lips enter into contention, and his mouth calleth for strokes.

7 A fool’s mouth is his destruction, and his lips are the snare of his soul.

8 The words of a talebearer are as wounds, and they go down into the innermost parts of the belly.

9 He also that is slothful in his work is brother to him that is a great waster.

10 The name of the LORD is a strong tower: the righteous runneth into it, and is safe.

11 The rich man’s wealth is his strong city, and as an high wall in his own conceit.

12 Before destruction the heart of man is haughty, and before honour is humility.

13 He that answereth a matter before he heareth it, it is folly and shame unto him.

14 The spirit of a man will sustain his infirmity; but a wounded spirit who can bear?

15 The heart of the prudent getteth knowledge; and the ear of the wise seeketh knowledge.

16 A man’s gift maketh room for him, and bringeth him before great men.

17 He that is first in his own cause seemeth just; but his neighbour cometh and searcheth him.

18 The lot causeth contentions to cease, and parteth between the mighty.

19 A brother offended is harder to be won than a strong city: and their contentions are like the bars of a castle.

20 A man’s belly shall be satisfied with the fruit of his mouth; and with the increase of his lips shall he be filled.

21 Death and life are in the power of the tongue: and they that love it shall eat the fruit thereof.

22 Whoso findeth a wife findeth a good thing, and obtaineth favour of the LORD.

23 The poor useth intreaties; but the rich answereth roughly.

24 A man that hath friends must shew himself friendly: and there is a friend that sticketh closer than a brother.

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G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 1. Reproach. True friendship resembles charity, and bears all things. 1 Cor. xiii. 4. Heb. now reads Thave, “desire;” instead of Thuane, occasion, or “pretext,” which must have been in the copies of the Sept. and Vulg. C. — Prot. “through desire, a man having separated himself, seeketh and intermeddleth with all wisdom.” The solitary seeks heaven. H.

Ver. 2. Heart. Conformable to his passions. C. — Heb. “unless to lay open his heart.” He wishes to appear wise, and to justify his wicked designs. H.

Ver. 3. Contemneth both God and man. Lu. xviii. 4. Heb. “is contemned” in his turn. C. — He is like a man abandoned by the physician. Op. Imp. in Matt. Hom. 40.

Ver. 4. Man, who is just and wise. His advice deserves attention. C. xx. 5.

Ver. 6. Quarrels. Heb. “blows.” Sept. “death;” (v. 7.) which are the usual consequences of quarrels.

Ver. 8. Tongued. Heb. “caluminator.” He pretends to wish well to those of whom he speaks, or else to guard the company against deceit. C. — “If the devil be upon the detractor’s tongue, he is in the ears of those who pay attention to him.” S. Fran. de Sales. — Fear, &c. is in the Sept. above. The Vulg. retains both this and the new version of S. Jerom.

Ver. 9. Brother. Like him, as both end in poverty. C. x. 4. and xii. 11.

Ver. 10. Name. Essence, or protection of God. The rich depends on his own wealth.

Ver. 13. Heareth the end of the question. C. i. 5.

Ver. 14. Infirmity of the flesh. Matt. xxvi. 41. — That is. Theodot. “is wounded, who shall support?”

Ver. 16. Princes. He easily finds access by showing submission. C.

Placatur donis Jupiter ipse suis. Ovid.

Ver. 17. Him. To see that he act with sincerity.

Ver. 18. Lot. C. xvi. 33. Sept. “silence.” C. — But Grabe substitutes “lot.” H.

Ver. 19. Judgments of many are more deserving of credit. Heb. “a brother offended, is like a strong place, and their quarrels,” &c. The are not easily reconciled. Civil wars are most terrible. C.

Ver. 20. Satisfied. Those who are guarded in their words get employment. H. C. xii. 14.

Ver. 21. Love it, and speak well or ill, shall receive accordingly. Matt. xii. 37.

Ver. 22. Good wife. Good is not in Heb. but should be understood, as it is expressed in Sept. of Complut. (C.) and Alex. H. — He that, &c. occurs not in Heb. Sixtus V. &c. But it is found in Sept. and Arabic. The Syriac omits the last sentence. — Wicked. S. Aug. had frequently asserted that a divorce was only of counsel: but this he retracted, when he reflected on this text. Ret. i. 19. — The Hebrews, Athenians, and Romans, followed the same practice with adulteresses. Selden, Ux. iii. 16. Dem. in NeƦram, &c. — Hermas (past. i. 4.) prescribes that the penitent shall be received again, but not often. In cae of divorce, the fathers still permit not a second marriage, that the parties may be reconciled. They enjoin the husband to put away only such as are incorrigible. S. Aug. Adul. ii. 3. C.

Ver. 24. Brother. The ties of nature are not so strong as those of friendship. C. — Heb. “a man that hath friends must shew himself friendly; and there is a friend that sticketh closer than a brother.” Prot. H. — Ut ameris ama. Mart.