King James Bible
with Catholic Commentary by George Leo Haydock

Old Testament > Proverbs > Home

Proverbs 13

Proverbs 13 Audio:

Audio clip: Adobe Flash Player (version 9 or above) is required to play this audio clip. Download the latest version here. You also need to have JavaScript enabled in your browser.

1 A wise son heareth his father’s instruction: but a scorner heareth not rebuke.

2 A man shall eat good by the fruit of his mouth: but the soul of the transgressors shall eat violence.

3 He that keepeth his mouth keepeth his life: but he that openeth wide his lips shall have destruction.

4 The soul of the sluggard desireth, and hath nothing: but the soul of the diligent shall be made fat.

5 A righteous man hateth lying: but a wicked man is loathsome, and cometh to shame.

6 Righteousness keepeth him that is upright in the way: but wickedness overthroweth the sinner.

7 There is that maketh himself rich, yet hath nothing: there is that maketh himself poor, yet hath great riches.

8 The ransom of a man’s life are his riches: but the poor heareth not rebuke.

9 The light of the righteous rejoiceth: but the lamp of the wicked shall be put out.

10 Only by pride cometh contention: but with the well advised is wisdom.

11 Wealth gotten by vanity shall be diminished: but he that gathereth by labour shall increase.

12 Hope deferred maketh the heart sick: but when the desire cometh, it is a tree of life.

13 Whoso despiseth the word shall be destroyed: but he that feareth the commandment shall be rewarded.

14 The law of the wise is a fountain of life, to depart from the snares of death.

15 Good understanding giveth favour: but the way of transgressors is hard.

16 Every prudent man dealeth with knowledge: but a fool layeth open his folly.

17 A wicked messenger falleth into mischief: but a faithful ambassador is health.

18 Poverty and shame shall be to him that refuseth instruction: but he that regardeth reproof shall be honoured.

19 The desire accomplished is sweet to the soul: but it is abomination to fools to depart from evil.

20 He that walketh with wise men shall be wise: but a companion of fools shall be destroyed.

21 Evil pursueth sinners: but to the righteous good shall be repayed.

22 A good man leaveth an inheritance to his children’s children: and the wealth of the sinner is laid up for the just.

23 Much food is in the tillage of the poor: but there is that is destroyed for want of judgment.

24 He that spareth his rod hateth his son: but he that loveth him chasteneth him betimes.

25 The righteous eateth to the satisfying of his soul: but the belly of the wicked shall want.

« »

G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 1. Doctrine. Or he gives proof of his good education, (C.) and excites even his father to advance in piety. Ven. Bede. — Sept. “is obedient to his father; but the disobedient son is in destruction.” H.

Ver. 2. Mouth. In reward of his good speeches. C. — Sept. “of justice the good man eateth; but the souls of the lawless perish before the time.” C. xii. 13.

Ver. 3. Hath. Heb. “who openeth his lips inconsiderately, is lost. Judg. xi. 35. H.

Ver. 4. Willeth not. Heb. “hath not.” He only desires riches, or to be converted, and will not labour. C. xxi. 25. Eccli. v. 8.

Ver. 5. Confounded. The detractor is like swine, stirring up dirt. S. Chrys. 32. ad Pop. — The liar is not believed, even when he speaks the truth. Aristot.

Ver. 6. Sinner. Sym. “draweth on sin.” Virtue is the best safeguard.

Ver. 7. Riches. Such was S. Paul. 2 Cor. vi. 10. Some affect to be rich, while others are never satisfied. Semper avarus eget. Lazarus was very rich in God’s sight.

Ver. 8. Reprehension. Or is not able to defend himself, like the rich. C. — He is not exposed so much to great revolutions. Bayn.

Ver. 9. Out. They are hated as well as their offspring. C.

Ver. 10. Contentions. As none will yield. M. — Heb. “only by pride cometh contention.” Prot. — “Pride is the mother of all sects.” S. Aug.

Ver. 11. Haste. Heb. “by vanity,” and injustice. Those who become rich on a sudden fall under suspicion, as a Roman objected to Sylla, who had inherited nothing. Plut. — By little. Heb. “he that gathereth by labour, (Sept. piety) shall increase.” Prot. H.

Ver. 12. Hope. Sept. “(the just shews mercy and lends) better is he who begins heartily to assist, than he who promises and leads to hope. For a bad (Grabe substitutes good) desire is a tree of life.” — Soul. Prot. “maketh the heart sick.” H. — The pain increases in proportion to our eager desire. Calvin maintains, that the souls of the blessed are not yet in heaven, but hope: and of course he would establish a sort of purgatory for them. H.

Ver. 13. Come. To defend what he has asserted, or to pass for a liar. Heb. “shall be destroyed by it.” Mont. H. — Those who despise God’s order shall perish. — Deceitful, &c. This is not in Heb. nor in some of the Lat. edit. C. — Sept. “to the deceitful son nothing shall be good. But the ways of the wise servant shall prosper, and his paths shall be made straight.” C. xiv. 15. H.

Ver. 14. That. Sept. “but the fool is slain in the snare.” H.

Ver. 15. Grace. God assists those who strive to be well instructed. C.

Ver. 17. Of the. Heb. “a wicked ambassador.” A king generally chooses people like himself. M. — Sept. have read melec. “A rash king shall,” &c.

Ver. 18. To him. Heb. “destroy discipline,” so that the most wretched are often noted for immorality. Sept. “instruction takes away poverty,” as “the whole earth supports the man that has a trade,” technion, according to the Greek proverb. C.

Ver. 19. That is. Sept. “of the pious, but the works of the impious are far from knowledge.” H.

Ver. 20. Become. Sept. “be known.” A person’s disposition may be seen by the company which he frequents.

Ver. 22. Heirs. This was more observable under the old law: yet we often seem the distress to which the unjust are exposed. De male quæsitis non gaudet tertius hæres. C.

Ver. 23. Fathers. Heirs often lose their property by their misconduct. Heb. and (H.) Chal. read, “of the poor,” who till their land better than those who have too large farms. M. — Nature requires but little. C. — Sept. “the just shall spend many years in affluence: but the unjust are cut off at once.” H.

Ver. 24. Betimes. God has always treated his friends in this manner, to preserve them from sin, or to increase their reward. C.