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Proverbs 12

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1 Whoso loveth instruction loveth knowledge: but he that hateth reproof is brutish.

2 A good man obtaineth favour of the LORD: but a man of wicked devices will he condemn.

3 A man shall not be established by wickedness: but the root of the righteous shall not be moved.

4 A virtuous woman is a crown to her husband: but she that maketh ashamed is as rottenness in his bones.

5 The thoughts of the righteous are right: but the counsels of the wicked are deceit.

6 The words of the wicked are to lie in wait for blood: but the mouth of the upright shall deliver them.

7 The wicked are overthrown, and are not: but the house of the righteous shall stand.

8 A man shall be commended according to his wisdom: but he that is of a perverse heart shall be despised.

9 He that is despised, and hath a servant, is better than he that honoureth himself, and lacketh bread.

10 A righteous man regardeth the life of his beast: but the tender mercies of the wicked are cruel.

11 He that tilleth his land shall be satisfied with bread: but he that followeth vain persons is void of understanding.

12 The wicked desireth the net of evil men: but the root of the righteous yieldeth fruit.

13 The wicked is snared by the transgression of his lips: but the just shall come out of trouble.

14 A man shall be satisfied with good by the fruit of his mouth: and the recompence of a man’s hands shall be rendered unto him.

15 The way of a fool is right in his own eyes: but he that hearkeneth unto counsel is wise.

16 A fool’s wrath is presently known: but a prudent man covereth shame.

17 He that speaketh truth sheweth forth righteousness: but a false witness deceit.

18 There is that speaketh like the piercings of a sword: but the tongue of the wise is health.

19 The lip of truth shall be established for ever: but a lying tongue is but for a moment.

20 Deceit is in the heart of them that imagine evil: but to the counsellors of peace is joy.

21 There shall no evil happen to the just: but the wicked shall be filled with mischief.

22 Lying lips are abomination to the LORD: but they that deal truly are his delight.

23 A prudent man concealeth knowledge: but the heart of fools proclaimeth foolishness.

24 The hand of the diligent shall bear rule: but the slothful shall be under tribute.

25 Heaviness in the heart of man maketh it stoop: but a good word maketh it glad.

26 The righteous is more excellent than his neighbour: but the way of the wicked seduceth them.

27 The slothful man roasteth not that which he took in hunting: but the substance of a diligent man is precious.

28 In the way of righteousness is life: and in the pathway thereof there is no death.

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G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 1. Knowledge. It is a great kindness to shew us our faults. But God’s grace is necessary to make us reap benefit from correction, (C.) as self-love recoils at it.

Ver. 2. But. Heb. “and he will condemn the man of devices,” (Mont. H.) or, “the man of thoughts doth wickedly,” (C.) as he trusts in them, rather than in God. M.

Ver. 4. Diligent. Heb. “strong or virtuous,” (H.) including all the perfections of the sex, and in particular those of economy and chastity. C. xiv. 1. and xxxi. 10.

Ver. 7. Turn. In a moment the wicked is not to be found. C. x. 25. and Ps. xxxvi. 35.

Ver. 8. Learning. We apply to those things which we love, and those who study sacred (C.) or useful sciences, shall receive praise.

Ver. 9. Glorious. Or a boaster, (H.) as many noblemen are, who are involved in debt. Eccli. x. 30. M. — It is better to have a sufficiency, than to be of noble parentage; and starving through a stupid idea, that work would be disgraceful.

Ver. 10. Beasts. Those who treat them with cruelty, would do the like with men. God gives regulations to let brute beasts have rest. Lev. xxii. 28. C. S. Chrys. in Rom. xxix.

Ver. 11. Idleness. Heb. “the idle.” Their company is seducing. — He that, &c. This occurs in the Sept. but not in the Heb. or the new edit. of S. Jerom. C. — Wine. Or “in taverns.” — Holds. Soldiers have thus been often surprised. M. — “Drunkenness is an incitement to lust and madness, the poison of wisdom.” S. Amb.

Ver. 12. Men. They wish to supplant one another.

Ver. 13. Lips. Liars often become the victims of their own deceit.

Ver. 16. Wise. It is more difficult to repress, than to avoid anger. S. Amb. — To dissemble, so as to seek an opportunity of revenge, is not commended.

Ver. 17. That. Heb. “the truth announceth justice.” We easily give credit to an honest man. C.

Ver. 18. Promiseth. Sept. “there are, who speaking, wound with the sword; but,” &c. Heb. bote (H.) means also, making a foolish promise, which causes remorse. M. — This was the case with Herod, when he was pleased with Herodias. Matt. xiv. 8. C. — Heb. “speaketh like the piercings of the sword,” (Prot. H.) as detractors, and those who disseminate impious and scandalous maxims do.

Ver. 19. Frameth. He studies how to escape detection. Heb. “a lying tongue is but for a moment;” it is presently discovered.

Ver. 20. Deceit. Or uneasiness. C. — Honi soit qui mal y pense: “let him be covered with shame who thinks evil in it,” seems nearly the same import. H.

Ver. 21. Sad. Even if he fall into sin, he will not lose all hope. C. — The accidents accompanying this life will not overwhelm him. S. Chrys. — Heb. “no evil shall befall the just.” If he be afflicted here, he will be amply rewarded hereafter. Sept. “the just will not be pleased with any injustice.”

Ver. 23. Cautious. Versutus is taken in a good, as well as in a bad sense. The wise are reserved in speaking. Prov. xvi. 14. C.

Ver. 25. Grief. Sept. “a fearful speech troubleth the heart of a (just) man.” Grabe. H.

Ver. 26. Just. A true friend will make any sacrifice. C. — “I am convinced that friendship can subsist only among the good,” says Cicero. Heb. “the just hath more, (C. Prot.) or is more excellent than his neighbour.” Sept. “the intelligent just is his own friend; (but the sentences of the impious are contrary to equity. Evils shall pursue sinners) but the way,” &c. Grabe. H.

Ver. 27. Gain. Heb. and Sept. “his prey,” (C.) or what “he took in hunting.” Prot. H.

Ver. 28. Bye-way. Of vice. Heb. “and a way which leadeth to death,” or “its paths conduct to death.” C.