King James Bible
with Catholic Commentary by George Leo Haydock

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Nehemiah 11

The distribution of the people.

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The distribution of the people

1 And the rulers of the people dwelt at Jerusalem: the rest of the people also cast lots, to bring one of ten to dwell in Jerusalem the holy city, and nine parts to dwell in other cities.

2 And the people blessed all the men, that willingly offered themselves to dwell at Jerusalem.

3 Now these are the chief of the province that dwelt in Jerusalem: but in the cities of Judah dwelt every one in his possession in their cities, to wit, Israel, the priests, and the Levites, and the Nethinims, and the children of Solomon’s servants.

4 And at Jerusalem dwelt certain of the children of Judah, and of the children of Benjamin. Of the children of Judah; Athaiah the son of Uzziah, the son of Zechariah, the son of Amariah, the son of Shephatiah, the son of Mahalaleel, of the children of Perez;

5 And Maaseiah the son of Baruch, the son of Colhozeh, the son of Hazaiah, the son of Adaiah, the son of Joiarib, the son of Zechariah, the son of Shiloni.

6 All the sons of Perez that dwelt at Jerusalem were four hundred threescore and eight valiant men.

7 And these are the sons of Benjamin; Sallu the son of Meshullam, the son of Joed, the son of Pedaiah, the son of Kolaiah, the son of Maaseiah, the son of Ithiel, the son of Jesaiah.

8 And after him Gabbai, Sallai, nine hundred twenty and eight.

9 And Joel the son of Zichri was their overseer: and Judah the son of Senuah was second over the city.

10 Of the priests: Jedaiah the son of Joiarib, Jachin.

11 Seraiah the son of Hilkiah, the son of Meshullam, the son of Zadok, the son of Meraioth, the son of Ahitub, was the ruler of the house of God.

12 And their brethren that did the work of the house were eight hundred twenty and two: and Adaiah the son of Jeroham, the son of Pelaliah, the son of Amzi, the son of Zechariah, the son of Pashur, the son of Malchiah.

13 And his brethren, chief of the fathers, two hundred forty and two: and Amashai the son of Azareel, the son of Ahasai, the son of Meshillemoth, the son of Immer,

14 And their brethren, mighty men of valour, an hundred twenty and eight: and their overseer was Zabdiel, the son of one of the great men.

15 Also of the Levites: Shemaiah the son of Hashub, the son of Azrikam, the son of Hashabiah, the son of Bunni;

16 And Shabbethai and Jozabad, of the chief of the Levites, had the oversight of the outward business of the house of God.

17 And Mattaniah the son of Micha, the son of Zabdi, the son of Asaph, was the principal to begin the thanksgiving in prayer: and Bakbukiah the second among his brethren, and Abda the son of Shammua, the son of Galal, the son of Jeduthun.

18 All the Levites in the holy city were two hundred fourscore and four.

19 Moreover the porters, Akkub, Talmon, and their brethren that kept the gates, were an hundred seventy and two.

20 And the residue of Israel, of the priests, and the Levites, were in all the cities of Judah, every one in his inheritance.

21 But the Nethinims dwelt in Ophel: and Ziha and Gispa were over the Nethinims.

22 The overseer also of the Levites at Jerusalem was Uzzi the son of Bani, the son of Hashabiah, the son of Mattaniah, the son of Micha. Of the sons of Asaph, the singers were over the business of the house of God.

23 For it was the king’s commandment concerning them, that a certain portion should be for the singers, due for every day.

24 And Pethahiah the son of Meshezabeel, of the children of Zerah the son of Judah, was at the king’s hand in all matters concerning the people.

25 And for the villages, with their fields, some of the children of Judah dwelt at Kirjatharba, and in the villages thereof, and at Dibon, and in the villages thereof, and at Jekabzeel, and in the villages thereof,

26 And at Jeshua, and at Moladah, and at Bethphelet,

27 And at Hazarshual, and at Beersheba, and in the villages thereof,

28 And at Ziklag, and at Mekonah, and in the villages thereof,

29 And at Enrimmon, and at Zareah, and at Jarmuth,

30 Zanoah, Adullam, and in their villages, at Lachish, and the fields thereof, at Azekah, and in the villages thereof. And they dwelt from Beersheba unto the valley of Hinnom.

31 The children also of Benjamin from Geba dwelt at Michmash, and Aija, and Bethel, and in their villages.

32 And at Anathoth, Nob, Ananiah,

33 Hazor, Ramah, Gittaim,

34 Hadid, Zeboim, Neballat,

35 Lod, and Ono, the valley of craftsmen.

36 And of the Levites were divisions in Judah, and in Benjamin.

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G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 1. Lots. Those who had a mind to fix their abode at Jerusalem, received every encouragement. But some were compelled, that the city might regain its ancient splendour, and become the bulwark of the nation. Josephus (xi. 5.) says, that Nehemias built at his own expense houses for the priest and Levites, who chose to reside there.

Ver. 2. Blessed. Applauding their zeal and disinterestedness, as the city was yet only a heap of ruins. C. — Some from the other ten tribes returned; but the transactions of three tribes are more particularly noticed. V. Bede. W.

Ver. 3. Solomon. See 1 Esdras ii. 55. and 1 Par. ix. 2.

Ver. 4. Benjamin, as well as of Ephraim and Manasses. 1 Par. ix. 3. The difference between this last record and the present, arises from Nehemias including many who returned with Esdras and with himself. C.

Ver. 5. Silonite. Of the son of Sela,. 1 Par. ix. 5. T.

Ver. 9. Second. Vicegerent of Joel, (C.) or commander of a second part of the city. Syr.

Ver. 11. Achitob had the inspection over the Levites and treasures. Eliasib was then pontiff. C.

Ver. 13. Amassai. Or (1 Par. ix. 12.) Maasai, the son of Adiel, the son of Jezra, the son of Mosollam, the son of Mosollamoth, the son of Emmer.

Ver. 14. The mighty, for riches and power; on which account this family was conspicuous.

Ver. 15. Semeia. The ancient Latin MSS. read Sebenia. Martinay.

Ver. 16. Outward. For repairs of the temple, cultivation of the lands given by vow; also to buy provisions, sacred vestments, &c.

Ver. 17. Praise. Master of music. C. — Heb. “chief to begin the thanksgiving in prayer.” Syr. “leader of the Jews in prayer.” H.

Ver. 21. Gaspha, were chiefs of the Nathinites. C. — Heb. “over the,” &c. Ophel was their place of residence. C. iii. 26.

Ver. 22. Overseer. Lit. “bishop.” Heb. pekid, which has the same meaning. H. — Christians styled him who was at the head, bishop; as the Athenians did their chief justice. Grot. E. C.

Ver. 23. King’s. David’s, (C. xii. 24,) or perhaps the Persian monarch, who had appointed a maintenance for the priests, &c. 1 Esd. vi. and vii. C. — Order. Heb. “that a certain portion should be for the singers, due for every day.” Prot.

Ver. 24. People. They addressed themselves to him, (H.) and he gave an exact account to the king (C.) of Persia. M.

Ver. 25. The houses. Heb. “and for the dwellings, (C.) or villages.” Pagnin. M. — Villages. Lit. “daughters,” which is often used in this sense. H.

Ver. 26. Jesue. This, and many of the other critics, had changed names, or were not built in the time of Josue. C.

Ver. 30. Bersabee. The southern extremity of Juda, (M.) unto the valley on the east of Jerusalem. Adric. 186.

Ver. 34-35. Lod. Built by Samad. 1 Par. viii. 12. It is called Lod-Hadid. C. vii. 37. — Ono had the same founder, and stood in the valley of craftsmen. C. vi. 2, and 1 Par. iv. 14.

Ver. 36. Portions. The Levites dwelt in the cities assigned to these two tribes. C.