King James Bible
with Catholic Commentary by George Leo Haydock

Nehemiah > Old Testament > Home

Nehemiah 10

The covenant, Those who signed it. (1-31) Their engagement to sacred rites. (32-39)

Nehemiah 10 Audio:

Audio clip: Adobe Flash Player (version 9 or above) is required to play this audio clip. Download the latest version here. You also need to have JavaScript enabled in your browser.

The covenant, Those who signed it

1 Now those that sealed were, Nehemiah, the Tirshatha, the son of Hachaliah, and Zidkijah,

2 Seraiah, Azariah, Jeremiah,

3 Pashur, Amariah, Malchijah,

4 Hattush, Shebaniah, Malluch,

5 Harim, Meremoth, Obadiah,

6 Daniel, Ginnethon, Baruch,

7 Meshullam, Abijah, Mijamin,

8 Maaziah, Bilgai, Shemaiah: these were the priests.

9 And the Levites: both Jeshua the son of Azaniah, Binnui of the sons of Henadad, Kadmiel;

10 And their brethren, Shebaniah, Hodijah, Kelita, Pelaiah, Hanan,

11 Micha, Rehob, Hashabiah,

12 Zaccur, Sherebiah, Shebaniah,

13 Hodijah, Bani, Beninu.

14 The chief of the people; Parosh, Pahathmoab, Elam, Zatthu, Bani,

15 Bunni, Azgad, Bebai,

16 Adonijah, Bigvai, Adin,

17 Ater, Hizkijah, Azzur,

18 Hodijah, Hashum, Bezai,

19 Hariph, Anathoth, Nebai,

20 Magpiash, Meshullam, Hezir,

21 Meshezabeel, Zadok, Jaddua,

22 Pelatiah, Hanan, Anaiah,

23 Hoshea, Hananiah, Hashub,

24 Hallohesh, Pileha, Shobek,

25 Rehum, Hashabnah, Maaseiah,

26 And Ahijah, Hanan, Anan,

27 Malluch, Harim, Baanah.

28 And the rest of the people, the priests, the Levites, the porters, the singers, the Nethinims, and all they that had separated themselves from the people of the lands unto the law of God, their wives, their sons, and their daughters, every one having knowledge, and having understanding;

29 They clave to their brethren, their nobles, and entered into a curse, and into an oath, to walk in God’s law, which was given by Moses the servant of God, and to observe and do all the commandments of the LORD our Lord, and his judgments and his statutes;

30 And that we would not give our daughters unto the people of the land, not take their daughters for our sons:

31 And if the people of the land bring ware or any victuals on the sabbath day to sell, that we would not buy it of them on the sabbath, or on the holy day: and that we would leave the seventh year, and the exaction of every debt.

Their engagement to sacred rites

32 Also we made ordinances for us, to charge ourselves yearly with the third part of a shekel for the service of the house of our God;

33 For the shewbread, and for the continual meat offering, and for the continual burnt offering, of the sabbaths, of the new moons, for the set feasts, and for the holy things, and for the sin offerings to make an atonement for Israel, and for all the work of the house of our God.

34 And we cast the lots among the priests, the Levites, and the people, for the wood offering, to bring it into the house of our God, after the houses of our fathers, at times appointed year by year, to burn upon the altar of the LORD our God, as it is written in the law:

35 And to bring the firstfruits of our ground, and the firstfruits of all fruit of all trees, year by year, unto the house of the LORD:

36 Also the firstborn of our sons, and of our cattle, as it is written in the law, and the firstlings of our herds and of our flocks, to bring to the house of our God, unto the priests that minister in the house of our God:

37 And that we should bring the firstfruits of our dough, and our offerings, and the fruit of all manner of trees, of wine and of oil, unto the priests, to the chambers of the house of our God; and the tithes of our ground unto the Levites, that the same Levites might have the tithes in all the cities of our tillage.

38 And the priest the son of Aaron shall be with the Levites, when the Levites take tithes: and the Levites shall bring up the tithe of the tithes unto the house of our God, to the chambers, into the treasure house.

39 For the children of Israel and the children of Levi shall bring the offering of the corn, of the new wine, and the oil, unto the chambers, where are the vessels of the sanctuary, and the priests that minister, and the porters, and the singers: and we will not forsake the house of our God.

« »

G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 1. Athersatha. Heb. hatirshatha. Prot. “the tirshatha,” cup-bearer, or governor, highly (H.) “privileged” and honoured by Artaxerxes. W. — Heb. “And over those who were sealed, (C. Sept. or who sealed the deed. H.) Nehemias, the cup-bearer.” Esdras, Eliasib, &c. were also princes. C. — It is not easy to account for the omission of their names. M. — They may be designated by different titles. An aristocracy, mixed with oligarchy, was the present form of government. The advice of the ancients, and of the people, was taken. C. — Hachelai, is less properly styled Helchias; (C. i. 1.) where the Sept. read Chelchias, or Achalia, (Heb. chacala) as well as here.

Ver. 8. Priests. All, at least after Nehemias. H.

Ver. 14. Pharos. Many of these are mentioned as returning from Babylon. C. vii. 8. 11. &c.

Ver. 28. Lands. Idolaters, (H.) namely, the proselytes. M. — Daughters. These did not all subscribe in person, but by the hands of the intelligent, and chief men, (v. 29.) or, (C.) as the Sept. seem to understand, these went through the different ranks of the people, and received their oaths. E. M.

Ver. 29. Understand. Heb. mebin, “the teachers,” or Levites. 1 Esd. viii. 16. M. — Promising. Heb. “clave to their brethren;” and they promised with a curse to transgressors, and with an oath to walk, &c. H.

Ver. 30. And. In all covenants, the articles which have been chiefly broken, are specified. W.

Ver. 31. Holy day. The contrary practice is therefore sinful. H. — Year. Not cultivating the land. Lev. xxv. 4. — Hand. No debts were to be demanded. Deut. xv. 1. M.

Ver. 32. Third part. About 9d. (H.) on account of the poverty of the people. C. — They afterwards paid half a sicle, or 1s. 2d. conformably to the law. Ex. xxx. 13. Mat. xvii. 23. H. — Before the captivity, the kings of Juda provided sacrifices, (2 Par. xxxi. 3.) and after, the Persian monarchs supplied what was requisite, in favour of Zorababel and Esdras. C. vi. 8. and vii. 21. But these grants had been recalled, or were not well executed.

Ver. 34. Wood. The Nathinites had performed this office till the captivity. But not their numbers were too small. C. — The people therefore brought the wood. The Levites, with the Nathinites, carried it into the temple, and the priests laid it upon the altars; all being regulated by lots. Lyran. — Hence the feast called Xylophoria, was instituted about the month of August, as we may gather from Josephus. The Rabbins say that the priests cut the wood, from March till the 15th of July.

Ver. 35. Every tree, of seven species; the pear, apple, fig, apricot, olive, palm, and vine trees; besides wheat, legumes, &c. C. — For three years the fruit was deemed unclean. Lev. xix. 23. M.

Ver. 37. Meats. Heb. “paste.” Num. xv. 20. C. and xxiii. 17. — Ground, or the produce. M.

Ver. 38. With. To observe that all is done according to the law. Num. xviii. 26. C.