King James Bible
with Catholic Commentary by George Leo Haydock

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Micah 6

God’s controversy with Israel. (1-5) The duties God requires. (6-8) The wickedness of Israel. (9-16)

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God’s controversy with Israel

1 Hear ye now what the LORD saith; Arise, contend thou before the mountains, and let the hills hear thy voice.

2 Hear ye, O mountains, the LORD’s controversy, and ye strong foundations of the earth: for the LORD hath a controversy with his people, and he will plead with Israel.

3 O my people, what have I done unto thee? and wherein have I wearied thee? testify against me.

4 For I brought thee up out of the land of Egypt, and redeemed thee out of the house of servants; and I sent before thee Moses, Aaron, and Miriam.

5 O my people, remember now what Balak king of Moab consulted, and what Balaam the son of Beor answered him from Shittim unto Gilgal; that ye may know the righteousness of the LORD.

The duties God requires

6 Wherewith shall I come before the LORD, and bow myself before the high God? shall I come before him with burnt offerings, with calves of a year old?

7 Will the LORD be pleased with thousands of rams, or with ten thousands of rivers of oil? shall I give my firstborn for my transgression, the fruit of my body for the sin of my soul?

8 He hath shewed thee, O man, what is good; and what doth the LORD require of thee, but to do justly, and to love mercy, and to walk humbly with thy God?

The wickedness of Israel

9 The LORD’s voice crieth unto the city, and the man of wisdom shall see thy name: hear ye the rod, and who hath appointed it.

10 Are there yet the treasures of wickedness in the house of the wicked, and the scant measure that is abominable?

11 Shall I count them pure with the wicked balances, and with the bag of deceitful weights?

12 For the rich men thereof are full of violence, and the inhabitants thereof have spoken lies, and their tongue is deceitful in their mouth.

13 Therefore also will I make thee sick in smiting thee, in making thee desolate because of thy sins.

14 Thou shalt eat, but not be satisfied; and thy casting down shall be in the midst of thee; and thou shalt take hold, but shalt not deliver; and that which thou deliverest will I give up to the sword.

15 Thou shalt sow, but thou shalt not reap; thou shalt tread the olives, but thou shalt not anoint thee with oil; and sweet wine, but shalt not drink wine.

16 For the statutes of Omri are kept, and all the works of the house of Ahab, and ye walk in their counsels; that I should make thee a desolation, and the inhabitants thereof an hissing: therefore ye shall bear the reproach of my people.

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G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 1. The mountains, &c. That is, the princes, the great ones of the people. Ch. — But Heb. intimates real mountains, which had witnessed the impiety of the people, (C.) and had been defiled with their altars, &c. Prot. “Contend thou before the,” &c. (H.) as God’s advocate. He condescends to justify his conduct towards Israel. Is. iii. 13. C. — He had shewn them great favours, but they were ungrateful. Off. for good Frid. W.

Ver. 4. Slaves. Their prison, in Algiers, &c. is dreadful. C. — Mary. She taught the women. Chal. Theod. — She was a figure of Christ’s mother, as Moses and Aaron were of himself. W.

Ver. 5. From Setim to Galgal. He puts them in mind of the favour he did them, in not suffering them to be quite destroyed by the evil purpose of Balach and the wicked counsel of Balaam; and then gives them a hint of the wonders he wrought in order to bring them into the land of promise, by stopping the course of the Jordan, in their march from Setim to Galgal. Ch. — Galgala, “limits,” may denote those of the Jordan, between which river and Setim Israel was encamped. Num. xxii. and xxv. — Justices. Sym. “mercies.” C.

Ver. 6. What shall I offer, &c. This is spoken in the person of the people, desiring to be informed what they are to do to please God. Ch. — They can answer nothing in their own defence.

Ver. 7. Fat. Heb. “torrents of oil.” — First-born, like Jephte, or the king of Moab. Jud. xi. and 4 K. iii. 27. Saturn taught the Phœnicians this impiety. Eus. præp. iv. 16. C.

Ver. 8. Solicitous. Heb. also, “humbly.” H. — This was preferable to all other sacrifices of the old law, (W.) and was frequently inculcated. Deut. x. 12. Ps. xlix. 9. Is. i. 11. Yet the carnal Jews always made perfection consist in exterior ceremonies.

Ver 9. City, to all mankind. — Salvation. Heb. “wisdom shall consider thy name.” Syr. “doctrine to those who fear his name.” — It? Who will attend? C.

Ver 10. Full of wrath, &c. That is, highly provoking in the sight of God. Ch. — False weights are often condemned. Deut. xxxv. 13. C.

Ver. 14. And thy. Sept. “I will cast thee away into thyself.” H. — Hold of some fruit. C. — Thy wife shall miscarry; (Vat. &c.) or if she bring forth, the children shall perish by the sword.

Ver 15. New. Sept. “grave.” H. — “It is good for thee, when thou knowest thy error, to have no disciples.” S. Jer.

Ver. 16. The statutes of Amri, &c. The wicked ways of Amri and Achab, idolatrous kings. Ch. — They were the most infamous of Israel. 3 K. xvi. 25. 30. W. — Heb. “the statutes of Amri are kept.” Sept. “The precepts (ámi) of my people shall parish” H. — You, rich men. C. — Sept. “you shall receive the reproach of people.” H.