King James Bible
with Catholic Commentary by George Leo Haydock

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Micah 4

The peace of the kingdom of Christ. (1-8) The judgments to come upon Jerusalem, but the final triumph of Israel. (9-13)

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The peace of the kingdom of Christ

1 But in the last days it shall come to pass, that the mountain of the house of the LORD shall be established in the top of the mountains, and it shall be exalted above the hills; and people shall flow unto it.

2 And many nations shall come, and say, Come, and let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, and to the house of the God of Jacob; and he will teach us of his ways, and we will walk in his paths: for the law shall go forth of Zion, and the word of the LORD from Jerusalem.

3 And he shall judge among many people, and rebuke strong nations afar off; and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruninghooks: nation shall not lift up a sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more.

4 But they shall sit every man under his vine and under his fig tree; and none shall make them afraid: for the mouth of the LORD of hosts hath spoken it.

5 For all people will walk every one in the name of his god, and we will walk in the name of the LORD our God for ever and ever.

6 In that day, saith the LORD, will I assemble her that halteth, and I will gather her that is driven out, and her that I have afflicted;

7 And I will make her that halted a remnant, and her that was cast far off a strong nation: and the LORD shall reign over them in mount Zion from henceforth, even for ever.

8 And thou, O tower of the flock, the strong hold of the daughter of Zion, unto thee shall it come, even the first dominion; the kingdom shall come to the daughter of Jerusalem.

The judgments to come upon Jerusalem, but the final triumph of Israel

9 Now why dost thou cry out aloud? is there no king in thee? is thy counsellor perished? for pangs have taken thee as a woman in travail.

10 Be in pain, and labour to bring forth, O daughter of Zion, like a woman in travail: for now shalt thou go forth out of the city, and thou shalt dwell in the field, and thou shalt go even to Babylon; there shalt thou be delivered; there the LORD shall redeem thee from the hand of thine enemies.

11 Now also many nations are gathered against thee, that say, Let her be defiled, and let our eye look upon Zion.

12 But they know not the thoughts of the LORD, neither understand they his counsel: for he shall gather them as the sheaves into the floor.

13 Arise and thresh, O daughter of Zion: for I will make thine horn iron, and I will make thy hoofs brass: and thou shalt beat in pieces many people: and I will consecrate their gain unto the LORD, and their substance unto the Lord of the whole earth.

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G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 1. Last days. This sometimes means after this. Is. ix. 1. But here it denotes the time which shall elapse from Christ till the day of eternity. The Jews allow that this prediction regards the Messias, though they will not explain it of Jesus Christ. Their exceptions are well refuted by Ribera. W. — It is plain that it can be verified nowhere else, but in the Church of Christ; though some expressions may, as usual, refer to the return of the captives. Isaias, (ii. 2.) &c. had already used the like terms under Ozias. Juda is here comforted, after its ruin had been denounced.

Ver. 2. Jerusalem. No other nation ever embraced the Jewish law. But all received the gospel, (C.) which was first preached at, Jerusalem, by people of that country. H. — “We are of yesterday, and we fill all your places.” Tert.

Ver. 3. Judge, or “rule” (Judg. viii. 22.) as Christ does over all. C. — Plough-shares. Heb. “scythes,” (H.) or “coulters.” W. Mart. xiv. 34. C. — Learn, &c. The law of Christ is a law of peace; and all his true subjects, as much as lies in them, love and keep peace with all the world. Ch. — They will sustain injuries meekly. 1 Cor. vi. W. — When Christ appeared, the Roman empire enjoyed peace. C. — Aspera tum positis mitescent sæcula bellis, &c. Æn. i.

Ver. 4. Fig-tree. Such a happiness would not suit the ambitious. Zac. iii. 10.

Ver. 5. And ever. After the captivity the Gentiles continued to worship idols, and the Jews had a greater aversion for them; but when the gospel was propagated, idols fell into contempt, and the Jewish law was at an end, while heretics were varying continually. The Church alone is stable, and built upon the rock. C. — All such quiet people as walk in the name of the Lord, will keep peace even with those who hate it, (Ps. cxix.) suffering persecution with joy. Heb. x. 34. S. Iræn. iv. 67. S. Cyr. &c. W.

Ver. 6. Halteth, as the synagogue did, (3 K. xviii. 21.) bringing nothing to perfection, (Heb. vii. 19.) while the Gentiles were abandoned to idolatry. From both Christ chose his Church. Acts xxi. 20. &c. C. — The Jews will be at last converted. W.

Ver. 7. Remnant, or numerous progeny. — Afflicted. Heb. and Sept. “repudiated,” (C.) or “cast off.” H.

Ver. 8. Cloudy. Hebrew.” fortress, or ophel,” a tower or wall near the temple. 2 Esd. iii. 27. — Flock. Jerusalem was no better, after the Chaldeans had destroyed it. 4 K. xvii. 9. Yet there Zorobabel, the Machabees, and Christ displayed their power. It was the cradle of the Church. Some take this to refer to Bethlehem, as C. v. 2. C. — Shall it come. Sept. add, “from Babylon.” After the captivity the Jews shall flourish, as the Church shall prove victorious over all her persecutors. H.

Ver. 9. No king, after Sedecias was taken. C. — The two tribes shall be led into captivity and released. v. 12. W.

Ver. 11. Sion. Let us enter the sanctuary and plunder it. Cambyses was instigated to fall upon the Jews lately returned. Ezec. xxxviii. 11. His rapacious designs were frustrated, as those of persecutors will be. C.

Ver. 12. Hay. Prot. “sheaves.” H. — People were thus often trodden to death by oxen. Athen. xii. 5.

Ver.13. Brass. Fear nothing. The Jews did not attack the army of Cambyses, (Ezec. xxxviii. 21. and xxxix. 10. C.) at least at first. H. — But what God did for them is attributed to them. C. — Immolate. Sept. “devote to the Lord their multitude, and,” &c. Prot. “gain,” (H.) or what spoils they have taken. C.