King James Bible
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Leviticus 9

The first offerings of Aaron for himself and the people. (1-21) Moses and Aaron bless the people, Fire cometh upon the altar from the Lord. (22-24)

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The first offerings of Aaron for himself and the people

1 And it came to pass on the eighth day, that Moses called Aaron and his sons, and the elders of Israel;

2 And he said unto Aaron, Take thee a young calf for a sin offering, and a ram for a burnt offering, without blemish, and offer them before the LORD.

3 And unto the children of Israel thou shalt speak, saying, Take ye a kid of the goats for a sin offering; and a calf and a lamb, both of the first year, without blemish, for a burnt offering;

4 Also a bullock and a ram for peace offerings, to sacrifice before the LORD; and a meat offering mingled with oil: for to day the LORD will appear unto you.

5 And they brought that which Moses commanded before the tabernacle of the congregation: and all the congregation drew near and stood before the LORD.

6 And Moses said, This is the thing which the LORD commanded that ye should do: and the glory of the LORD shall appear unto you.

7 And Moses said unto Aaron, Go unto the altar, and offer thy sin offering, and thy burnt offering, and make an atonement for thyself, and for the people: and offer the offering of the people, and make an atonement for them; as the LORD commanded.

8 Aaron therefore went unto the altar, and slew the calf of the sin offering, which was for himself.

9 And the sons of Aaron brought the blood unto him: and he dipped his finger in the blood, and put it upon the horns of the altar, and poured out the blood at the bottom of the altar:

10 But the fat, and the kidneys, and the caul above the liver of the sin offering, he burnt upon the altar; as the LORD commanded Moses.

11 And the flesh and the hide he burnt with fire without the camp.

12 And he slew the burnt offering; and Aaron’s sons presented unto him the blood, which he sprinkled round about upon the altar.

13 And they presented the burnt offering unto him, with the pieces thereof, and the head: and he burnt them upon the altar.

14 And he did wash the inwards and the legs, and burnt them upon the burnt offering on the altar.

15 And he brought the people’s offering, and took the goat, which was the sin offering for the people, and slew it, and offered it for sin, as the first.

16 And he brought the burnt offering, and offered it according to the manner.

17 And he brought the meat offering, and took an handful thereof, and burnt it upon the altar, beside the burnt sacrifice of the morning.

18 He slew also the bullock and the ram for a sacrifice of peace offerings, which was for the people: and Aaron’s sons presented unto him the blood, which he sprinkled upon the altar round about,

19 And the fat of the bullock and of the ram, the rump, and that which covereth the inwards, and the kidneys, and the caul above the liver:

20 And they put the fat upon the breasts, and he burnt the fat upon the altar:

21 And the breasts and the right shoulder Aaron waved for a wave offering before the LORD; as Moses commanded.

Moses and Aaron bless the people, Fire cometh upon the altar from the Lord

22 And Aaron lifted up his hand toward the people, and blessed them, and came down from offering of the sin offering, and the burnt offering, and peace offerings.

23 And Moses and Aaron went into the tabernacle of the congregation, and came out, and blessed the people: and the glory of the LORD appeared unto all the people.

24 And there came a fire out from before the LORD, and consumed upon the altar the burnt offering and the fat: which when all the people saw, they shouted, and fell on their faces.

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G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 1. Come. From the consecration of the tabernacle, (M.) and of Aaron. — Israel. The princes of the tribes. C. — They were to offer sacrifice by the hands of their new priests.

Ver. 2. Calf. As they had formerly adored a calf, so now they sacrifice one to God. S. Jer. in Jer. vii.

Ver. 3. Children. Sam. and Sept. “the ancients,” or princes of the people, for whom a he-goat is sacrificed. — Old. Not above, though they might be younger.

Ver. 4. Offering, &c. Heb. simply, ” and a flour-offering tempered with oil; for,” &c. H. — All these sacrifices were accompanied with an offering of this nature, as they were in imitation of a dinner presented to God. M. — You. By the cloud, resting upon the tabernacle, or by fire proceeding thence. God will manifest his presence by miracles, v. 24.

Ver. 7. Thy sin. Christ needed not daily (as the other priests) to offer sacrifices, first for his own sins, and then for the people’s. Heb. vii. 27.

Ver. 9. The altar of holocausts; as he is yet considered only as a private person; afterwards he touches the altar of perfumes. C.

Ver. 10. Burnt, or placed in order to be burnt by the fire sent by God, v. 24. M.

Ver. 11. Camp. According to the prescriptions given. C. iv. 12.

Ver. 14. Water. Heb. adds, “he burnt them upon the holocaust, upon the altar.”

Ver. 15. And expiating the altar. Heb. “he offered it (the goat) for sin, as the first,” for himself, placing the parts of the victim upon his own holocaust. H. — The Chaldee says, “he expiated the altar with the blood of the he-goat, as he did before.”

Ver. 17. Holocaust. Which were religiously observed every day. The law respecting the libations was given already, though it be related, Num. xv. 4. M.

Ver. 21. Elevating them. After which they were used by the priest, C. vii. 31. C. — As. Samar. and some Heb. MSS. read, “as the Lord had commanded Moses.” Kennic.

Ver. 22. Hands. Thus representing the form of a cross, on which Christ redeemed us; in memory of which we still make the same sign. W. — Them. The blessing is recorded, Num. vi. 24. And the Lord bless thee, &c. M. — In blessing an individual, the priest laid his hands upon him; but he stretched them out towards the multitude, as a mark of superiority.

Ver. 23. Testimony. To offer incense, which always preceded the morning holocaust. — Glory; or fire, probably issuing from the tabernacle, and consuming the victims in a moment. Thus God was pleased to shew his approbation of the priests and victims, (C.) and at the same time, to impress a religious awe upon the minds of the spectators. H. — This fire was carefully preserved and nourished by the priests with wood; though the Rabbins say, this was done only to conceal the miracle of its perpetual continuance. A fire of the same nature, came down upon the victims, when Solomon dedicated his temple, (2 Par. vii. 1,) and was kept burning till the captivity, when it was hidden in a cistern. Being found afterwards, like a muddy water, God rekindled it again, (2 Macc. i. 18. ii. 10,) and it was not lost till the persecution of Epiphanes.

Ver. 24. The Lord: 2 Mac. ii. 10, explains this text. Fire came down from heaven, appearing like a flash of lightning, in the midst of the victims. Jos. Ant. iii. 9. C.