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Leviticus 24

Oil for the lamps, The shew-bread. (1-9) The law of blasphemy, blasphemer is stoned. (10-23)

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Oil for the lamps, The shew-bread

1 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,

2 Command the children of Israel, that they bring unto thee pure oil olive beaten for the light, to cause the lamps to burn continually.

3 Without the vail of the testimony, in the tabernacle of the congregation, shall Aaron order it from the evening unto the morning before the LORD continually: it shall be a statute for ever in your generations.

4 He shall order the lamps upon the pure candlestick before the LORD continually.

5 And thou shalt take fine flour, and bake twelve cakes thereof: two tenth deals shall be in one cake.

6 And thou shalt set them in two rows, six on a row, upon the pure table before the LORD.

7 And thou shalt put pure frankincense upon each row, that it may be on the bread for a memorial, even an offering made by fire unto the LORD.

8 Every sabbath he shall set it in order before the LORD continually, being taken from the children of Israel by an everlasting covenant.

9 And it shall be Aaron’s and his sons’; and they shall eat it in the holy place: for it is most holy unto him of the offerings of the LORD made by fire by a perpetual statute.

The law of blasphemy, blasphemer is stoned

10 And the son of an Israelitish woman, whose father was an Egyptian, went out among the children of Israel: and this son of the Israelitish woman and a man of Israel strove together in the camp;

11 And the Israelitish woman’s son blasphemed the name of the Lord, and cursed. And they brought him unto Moses: (and his mother’s name was Shelomith, the daughter of Dibri, of the tribe of Dan:)

12 And they put him in ward, that the mind of the LORD might be shewed them.

13 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,

14 Bring forth him that hath cursed without the camp; and let all that heard him lay their hands upon his head, and let all the congregation stone him.

15 And thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel, saying, Whosoever curseth his God shall bear his sin.

16 And he that blasphemeth the name of the LORD, he shall surely be put to death, and all the congregation shall certainly stone him: as well the stranger, as he that is born in the land, when he blasphemeth the name of the Lord, shall be put to death.

17 And he that killeth any man shall surely be put to death.

18 And he that killeth a beast shall make it good; beast for beast.

19 And if a man cause a blemish in his neighbour; as he hath done, so shall it be done to him;

20 Breach for breach, eye for eye, tooth for tooth: as he hath caused a blemish in a man, so shall it be done to him again.

21 And he that killeth a beast, he shall restore it: and he that killeth a man, he shall be put to death.

22 Ye shall have one manner of law, as well for the stranger, as for one of your own country: for I am the LORD your God.

23 And Moses spake to the children of Israel, that they should bring forth him that had cursed out of the camp, and stone him with stones. And the children of Israel did as the LORD commanded Moses.

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G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 2. Command. It is probable that this order was given while Beseleel was working at the tabernacle. C. — The people were to furnish the necessary sacrifices, &c. by the half sicle, Ex. xxx. 3, and by voluntary contributions on the three great festivals, on which no one was to appear empty-handed, Ex. xxiii. 15. Some chose to put their contributions towards the temple in the treasury, Lu. xxi. 1. — Oil: Heb. “pure oil of the olive beaten, for light to,” &c.

Ver. 5. Bake. The family of Caath had to perform this office, 1 Par ix. 32. xxiii. 29. M. — Incense. Sept. add, “salt.” Villalpend also places wine on the table. B. iv. 57. — Memorial for the Lord to bless his people, and for them to make their oblations to him as to the living God, from whom all blessings are derived. H. — The incense was burnt instead of the bread, when fresh loaves were placed there. C.

Ver. 8. Of the, &c. The Israelites gave a sufficient maintenance to the ministers of religion, out of which these provided the loaves; as S. Jerom testifies, Mal. i.

Ver. 10. Egyptian. Many of these came out along with the Hebrews. Exod. xii. 38.

Ver. 11. The Name. Some Latin copies add, “of God;” but the best omit it, with the Heb. &c. This is, however, the meaning. C. — The son of Salumith being in a rage, cursed that sacred name; (v. 15) and, as he perhaps had attempted to vent his fury upon whatever came in his way, God here reiterates the laws against murder, &c. v. 17. The Jews are so much afraid of taking the name of God (Yehovah) in vain, that they have for a long time abstained from pronouncing it at all; (H.) and here they have probably omitted it on purpose. Houbigant. But this seems to border upon superstition, is contrary to the design of God, who revealed that august name, and inserted it very frequently in the holy Bible, and in the very prayer, which the senators have to recite; (Deut. xxi. 8,) and, can any one suppose, that he would not have them pronounce it, even in their solemn devotions? Many of the Rabbins suppose, that blasphemy is not to be punished with death, if any other name of God be used: but others are more reasonable. Our Saviour was not accused by the Jews of transgressing, in this respect, when they condemned him as guilty of blasphemy. Matt. xxvi. 64. The name of God, is often used in the same sense as we use the words majesty, lordship, &c. as being more emphatical, and dignified. C.

Ver. 14. Head. To testify, that if they witness falsehood, they are willing to suffer the like punishment; and to beg that God would accept this victim, and not afflict all his people. T.

Ver. 15. His God. Heb. Elohaiv. Philo explains this of idols, as if it were unlawful to speak ill of them, lest we should proceed to do so with respect to the true God. But the prophets, and the most holy personages, had no scruple in speaking contemptuously of the pagan divinities. — His sin, and the punishment of it. C.

Ver. 19. Blemish. Heb. mum, denotes any thing by which the body is disfigured or hurt. M.

Ver. 20. Breach, or fracture: if he break a bone, the like detriment shall he receive.

Ver. 21. Striketh, so as to kill or render useless, percusserit, (H.) v. 18. — Punished. Sept. “slain.” They omit the first part of this verse.

Ver. 22. Stranger. The Jews improperly restrain this law to those nations only which have embraced their religion. God requires that the judges shall not shew more favour to their countrymen, than to others who may dwell among them. C.