King James Bible
with Catholic Commentary by George Leo Haydock

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Joshua 19

The lot of Simeon. (1-9) The lot of Zebulun. (10-16) The lot of Issachar, Asher, Naphtali, and Dan. (17-51)

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The lot of Simeon

1 And the second lot came forth to Simeon, even for the tribe of the children of Simeon according to their families: and their inheritance was within the inheritance of the children of Judah.

2 And they had in their inheritance Beersheba, and Sheba, and Moladah,

3 And Hazarshual, and Balah, and Azem,

4 And Eltolad, and Bethul, and Hormah,

5 And Ziklag, and Bethmarcaboth, and Hazarsusah,

6 And Bethlebaoth, and Sharuhen; thirteen cities and their villages:

7 Ain, Remmon, and Ether, and Ashan; four cities and their villages:

8 And all the villages that were round about these cities to Baalathbeer, Ramath of the south. This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Simeon according to their families.

9 Out of the portion of the children of Judah was the inheritance of the children of Simeon: for the part of the children of Judah was too much for them: therefore the children of Simeon had their inheritance within the inheritance of them.

The lot of Zebulun

10 And the third lot came up for the children of Zebulun according to their families: and the border of their inheritance was unto Sarid:

11 And their border went up toward the sea, and Maralah, and reached to Dabbasheth, and reached to the river that is before Jokneam;

12 And turned from Sarid eastward toward the sunrising unto the border of Chislothtabor, and then goeth out to Daberath, and goeth up to Japhia,

13 And from thence passeth on along on the east to Gittahhepher, to Ittahkazin, and goeth out to Remmonmethoar to Neah;

14 And the border compasseth it on the north side to Hannathon: and the outgoings thereof are in the valley of Jiphthahel:

15 And Kattath, and Nahallal, and Shimron, and Idalah, and Bethlehem: twelve cities with their villages.

16 This is the inheritance of the children of Zebulun according to their families, these cities with their villages.

The lot of Issachar, Asher, Naphtali, and Dan

17 And the fourth lot came out to Issachar, for the children of Issachar according to their families.

18 And their border was toward Jezreel, and Chesulloth, and Shunem,

19 And Haphraim, and Shihon, and Anaharath,

20 And Rabbith, and Kishion, and Abez,

21 And Remeth, and Engannim, and Enhaddah, and Bethpazzez;

22 And the coast reacheth to Tabor, and Shahazimah, and Bethshemesh; and the outgoings of their border were at Jordan: sixteen cities with their villages.

23 This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Issachar according to their families, the cities and their villages.

24 And the fifth lot came out for the tribe of the children of Asher according to their families.

25 And their border was Helkath, and Hali, and Beten, and Achshaph,

26 And Alammelech, and Amad, and Misheal; and reacheth to Carmel westward, and to Shihorlibnath;

27 And turneth toward the sunrising to Bethdagon, and reacheth to Zebulun, and to the valley of Jiphthahel toward the north side of Bethemek, and Neiel, and goeth out to Cabul on the left hand,

28 And Hebron, and Rehob, and Hammon, and Kanah, even unto great Zidon;

29 And then the coast turneth to Ramah, and to the strong city Tyre; and the coast turneth to Hosah; and the outgoings thereof are at the sea from the coast to Achzib:

30 Ummah also, and Aphek, and Rehob: twenty and two cities with their villages.

31 This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Asher according to their families, these cities with their villages.

32 The sixth lot came out to the children of Naphtali, even for the children of Naphtali according to their families.

33 And their coast was from Heleph, from Allon to Zaanannim, and Adami, Nekeb, and Jabneel, unto Lakum; and the outgoings thereof were at Jordan:

34 And then the coast turneth westward to Aznothtabor, and goeth out from thence to Hukkok, and reacheth to Zebulun on the south side, and reacheth to Asher on the west side, and to Judah upon Jordan toward the sunrising.

35 And the fenced cities are Ziddim, Zer, and Hammath, Rakkath, and Chinnereth,

36 And Adamah, and Ramah, and Hazor,

37 And Kedesh, and Edrei, and Enhazor,

38 And Iron, and Migdalel, Horem, and Bethanath, and Bethshemesh; nineteen cities with their villages.

39 This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Naphtali according to their families, the cities and their villages.

40 And the seventh lot came out for the tribe of the children of Dan according to their families.

41 And the coast of their inheritance was Zorah, and Eshtaol, and Irshemesh,

42 And Shaalabbin, and Ajalon, and Jethlah,

43 And Elon, and Thimnathah, and Ekron,

44 And Eltekeh, and Gibbethon, and Baalath,

45 And Jehud, and Beneberak, and Gathrimmon,

46 And Mejarkon, and Rakkon, with the border before Japho.

47 And the coast of the children of Dan went out too little for them: therefore the children of Dan went up to fight against Leshem, and took it, and smote it with the edge of the sword, and possessed it, and dwelt therein, and called Leshem, Dan, after the name of Dan their father.

48 This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Dan according to their families, these cities with their villages.

49 When they had made an end of dividing the land for inheritance by their coasts, the children of Israel gave an inheritance to Joshua the son of Nun among them:

50 According to the word of the LORD they gave him the city which he asked, even Timnathserah in mount Ephraim: and he built the city, and dwelt therein.

51 These are the inheritances, which Eleazar the priest, and Joshua the son of Nun, and the heads of the fathers of the tribes of the children of Israel, divided for an inheritance by lot in Shiloh before the LORD, at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation. So they made an end of dividing the country.

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G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 2. Juda. Thus was verified the prediction of Jacob, that Simeon and Levi, who had been too much united for the destruction of Sichem, should be scattered among their brethren. Gen. xxxiv. and xlix. 6. The tribe of Simeon was not very numerous. Num. xxvi. 14. Yet all his cities are not here enumerated, but only such as served to point out the limits. The Jews suppose that this tribe occupied the cities of Juda only as long as the latter pleased, and that it was driven out of them in the days of David, (1 Par. iv. 31. Rabbins ap. Mas.) or at least under the reign of Ezechias, when it was forced to seek fresh settlements in Gador and Seir, ib. v. 39. It was, however, led into captivity by Salmanasar along with the other nine tribes, in the sixth year of Ezechias, 4 K. xvii. 6. The lot of Simeon was not in the centre of Juda, but only within his limits, (C.) either on the south, (Cellarius) or on the west side, (C.) or on both. H. — And Sabee. This is the same town with the preceding, otherwise there would be 14 instead of 13, v. 6. M. — If this be not the case, we may give the same solution as C. xv. 62.

Ver. 4. Bethul. We shall see elsewhere whether this be the Bethulia of Judith. Some place a town of this name in Galilee, near Tiberias, (Brocard) of which, however, there is no proof. Cellar. iii. 31.

Ver. 9. Great. The land measurers, it seems, had been under a mistake, (M.) which was corrected by the ancients. Distributive justice was to be observed.

Ver. 11. From the sea. Heb. “towards the sea.” Bonfrere asserts that Zabulon did not extend quite to the shore of the Mediterranean. C. xvii. 10. C. — Torrent, near Sidon, which some call the river Belus or Papis. Plin. v. 19.

Ver. 13. Geth-hepher, the birth-place of Jonas, 4 K. xiv. 25. See C. xii. 17.

Ver. 15. Bethlehem, very different from that of Juda. — Twelve. Nineteen are mentioned, but some of them belong to other tribes, (C.) or were not properly cities. M. — All the towns of Zabulon are not specified. C.

Ver. 17. Issachar. The reason why he has been placed after his younger brother, Zabulon, both here and in the blessing of Jacob, is not known.

Ver. 18. Jezrael. This was a city of the first note, (M.) situated in the vale between Mount Hermon and Gelboe, having Bethsan on the east. — Sunem, where Eliseus raised the child to life, five miles south of Thabor. S. Jerom. — Here the Philistines were encamped the day before the battle, in which Saul was slain and Israel dispersed, 1 K. xxviii. 4. C.

Ver. 20. Rabbath. These four cities formed the western boundary, though Serarius observes, this tribe extended as far as the Mediterranean, being in possession of Carmel, which lay close to the shore. M.

Ver. 21. Engannim, called Enam, 1 Par. vi. 73. — Enhadda. There was another town of this name, 10 miles from Eleutheropolis. C. — This and the four following towns lay on the north of Issachar. M. — Bethsames, “the house of the sun.” Juda and Nephthali had also a Bethsames.

Ver. 26. Carmel, so famous for the miracles of Elias, 3 K. xviii. 20. Josephus (Bel. ii. 17,) places it 120 stadia south of Ptolemais. This range of mountains extended northward through the tribes of Issachar and of Zabulon. Pliny (v. 17,) speaks of a promontory and of a town of this name. Here also the god Carmel was adored, having an altar, but no temple or image, as the ancients had decreed. Nec simulacrum Deo aut templum, (sic tradidere majores) ara tantum et reverentia. Tacit. Hist. ii. 78. — Vespasian consulted the priest Basilides. Carmel means “the vineyard of the Lord,” or the excellent vineyard, &c. It was so rich and beautiful as to become proverbial. The spouse compares the head of his beloved to Carmel. C. vii. 5. Isaias (xxxii. 15,) foretels that the deserts shall be equal to Carmel. It was covered with wood and fruit. S. Jerom in Isai. x. 18. Jer. iv. 26. The city, which was built upon this mountain, and which Pliny calls by the same name, was formerly styled Ecbatana. The oracle had denounced to Cambyses that he should die at Ecbatana, and he concluded that the city of Media was meant; but it was “that of Syria,” says Herodotus, (iii. 64,) where he died. — Labanath. Heb. leaves out the conjunction. — Sihor means a “troubled” river, (C. xiii. 3,) or brook, which probably ran near the white promontory mentioned by Pliny, (v. 19,) near Tyre. Labanath signifies “white.”

Ver. 27. Bethdagon. “The temple of Dagon, or of the fish,” different from the town of Juda. C. xv. 41. — Zabulon, a city which took its name from the tribe, and separated Ptolemais from Judea. Joseph. Bel. ii. 37. — Left; that is, the north side of Cabul, which means either the canton where the 20 cities of Hiram were situated, or a village which Josephus (Vita) calls Chabolo, which lies near the sea, and Ptolemais.

Ver. 28. Rohob, on the northern extremity of the land. Num. xiii. 22. It was assigned to the Levites. But the tribe of Aser never drove out the Chanaanites. Judg. i. 31. — Cana, where Christ wrought his first miracle, about 23 miles west of Tiberias, as we may gather from Josephus. (Vita) Cellarius. — Some would admit another Cana nearer Sidon.

Ver. 29. Horma. Heb. Sept. &c. Rama, “a height.” — Of Tyre. When this city was founded, is wrapped up in obscurity. The Tyrian priests claim a very high antiquity; whereas Josephus (Ant. viii. 2,) allows that the city was founded only 200 years after Josue, on which supposition this name must have been added by a subsequent writer. The matter, however, is so uncertain, that nothing can be concluded. It was a colony of Sidon. Isai. xxiii. 12. Old Tyre was on the continent; the new city was built in an island, where the temple of Jupiter Olympius formerly stood. Alexander made a road between the two cities, when he besieged New Tyre: which, on that account, may be considered either as an island, or as part of the continent. He used for this purpose the ruins of the old city, which he threw into the sea. Hiram had formed a similar road to the temple of Jupiter. Dius. ap. Joseph. c. p. 1. Whether Nebuchodonosor besieged the Old or the New Tyre, soon after he had taken Jerusalem, authors are not agreed. S. Jerom (in Ezec. xxviii. Amos i. &c.) seems to think that he attacked the new city; whereas Marsham believes that it was built only after the other had fallen a prey to the arms of the Chaldees. It was only five or 700 paces from the continent. Tyrus quondam insula præalto mari septingentis passibus divisa, nunc vero Alexandri oppugnantis operibu continens. Plin. v. 19. — Portion. Heb. “from the coast of Achzib,” which is the same town as Ecdippe, south of Tyre, and nine miles from Ptolemais. C.

Ver. 30. Amma; perhaps on mount Amana, a part of Libanus. Cant. iv. 8. For though the Israelites had possession of these parts only a short time, they had a right to them, and to the countries as far as the Euphrates and Pelusium. Sept. read, “Akom or Archob,” (C.) in some copies, though the Alexandrian agrees with the Vul. H. — Perhaps Acco, the ancient name of Ptolemais, may be meant, as it is hardly probable that so famous a city should be omitted. — Aphec, beyond Antilibanus, from which city the Israelites could not drive the Chanaanites. Judg. i. 31. Here the kings of Syria assembled their forces to attack the people of God, 1 K. xx. 26. Profane authors speak of the temple of Venus Aphachitis, who appeared in the eyes of the superstitious to shed tears. The city lay between Biblus and Heliopolis. Zozimus, i. 58. Euseb. (laud. Const.) Macrobius i. 21. — Twenty-two. More are mentioned above, but some might belong to other tribes.

Ver. 33. Heleph seems to have been on the north-eastern limits of Nephthali. The cities on the Jordan southwards, as far as Genesareth, are specified. H.

Ver. 34. Juda was in possession of the southern parts of the Jordan, as Nephthali had the northern, so that by means of navigation they might enjoy the riches (C.) of each other, and of the other tribes. H. Deut. xxxiii. 23. — Sept. do not read Juda, which forms all the difficulty, as five tribes lay between these two. They have “and the Jordan is towards the rising sun.” C. — Grabe inserts, with a star, “to Juda, the Jordan,” &c. intimating that to Juda, was not a part of the Sept. version.

Ver. 35. Ser. The Sept. seem to have read rather differently. “And the fortified, or walled cities of the Tyrians, Tyre and Emath, (and) Bekkath,” &c. H. — Assedim may be the name of a people. The situation of Ser is also unknown. — Emath is the famous Emesa. Num. xiii. 22. C. — Tyre, &c. belong to Aser, and not to Nephthali, as the Sept. might insinuate. But Emesa would be within the borders of the latter. H. — Cenereth, the lake of that name, as S. Jerom says that the city of Cenereth was Tiberias, on the southern extremity of the lake whereas Nephthali possessed only the northern part. C. — Bonfrere supposes that Caphernaum, or some adjacent city, is meant; and indeed the first words of the verse indicate that a list is given of the strong cities, unless that should be restricted to those of the Assedim, which are not specified. H.

Ver. 36. Arama. Heb. “Rama.” — Asor, the capital of Jabin. C. xi. 1.

Ver. 37. Enhasor, “the fountain of Asor,” or Daphne, a delightful spot resembling the famous suburbs of Antioch. Josep. Bel. iv. init.

Ver. 38. Bethanath, “the house of poverty,” is Betanea, 15 miles from Cæsarea. Eus. — Nineteen. Twenty-three places are mentioned. But some might only be villages, &c. C. xv. 62.

Ver. 41. Sun. Some suppose that it is the same with Bethsames of Juda, which was ceded to the Levites. C. — Dan lay on the west of Juda. H. — Selebin, where the Amorrhites maintained themselves. Judg. i. 35.

Ver. 43. Themna; the Thamna of the tribe of Juda. C. xv. 10. — Acron, or Accaron.

Ver. 44. Elthece, or Elthecon of Juda, given to the Levites. All the three tribes might dwell in it.

Ver. 45. Barach. Heb. “Bene-barac,” or “Jud, of the sons of Barac.”

Ver. 46. Mejarcon, “the waters of Jarcon” and Arecon, were near Joppe. C.

Ver. 47. There. Heb. “and the limits of Dan went out from them. They were not able to keep the cities in subjection; so that, finding themselves too much confined, they sought for fresh settlements at Lessem; or, their borders were known by these cities, through which they passed, (C.) though most of them had been already assigned to the tribe of Juda. M. — Dan. This city was not Peneas, or Cæsarea, but the utmost boundary of Palestine on the north, as Bersabee was on the south. This history is given more at large. Judg. xviii. 1. The Sept. vary from the Heb. in the 46. 7. and 8. verses, (C.) and add that “the children of Dan did not destroy the Amorrhites, who afflicted them in the mountains, and would not suffer them to descend into the plain…But the land of Ephraim lay heavy upon them, and they became tributary to them. (See C. xvii. 13.) 49. And they went to take possession of their limits, and the children of Israel,” &c. H.

Ver. 50. Lord, by the mouth of Eleazar. Josue was content with one of the most barren parts of the country. He waits till all are provided for, shewing throughout his life a pattern of moderation and disinterestedness, which render him worthy to be considered as a figure of Jesus Christ, who reduced himself to the lowest state of abjection for our sakes. C. See C. xiv. 6. M. — Ephraim. It was before called Gaas; and the city, which Josue enlarged, lay on the north side of it. C. xxiv. 30. Judg. ii. 9.