King James Bible
with Catholic Commentary by George Leo Haydock

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Joshua 16

The sons of Joseph

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The sons of Joseph

1 And the lot of the children of Joseph fell from Jordan by Jericho, unto the water of Jericho on the east, to the wilderness that goeth up from Jericho throughout mount Bethel,

2 And goeth out from Bethel to Luz, and passeth along unto the borders of Archi to Ataroth,

3 And goeth down westward to the coast of Japhleti, unto the coast of Bethhoron the nether, and to Gezer; and the goings out thereof are at the sea.

4 So the children of Joseph, Manasseh and Ephraim, took their inheritance.

5 And the border of the children of Ephraim according to their families was thus: even the border of their inheritance on the east side was Atarothaddar, unto Bethhoron the upper;

6 And the border went out toward the sea to Michmethah on the north side; and the border went about eastward unto Taanathshiloh, and passed by it on the east to Janohah;

7 And it went down from Janohah to Ataroth, and to Naarath, and came to Jericho, and went out at Jordan.

8 The border went out from Tappuah westward unto the river Kanah; and the goings out thereof were at the sea. This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Ephraim by their families.

9 And the separate cities for the children of Ephraim were among the inheritance of the children of Manasseh, all the cities with their villages.

10 And they drave not out the Canaanites that dwelt in Gezer: but the Canaanites dwell among the Ephraimites unto this day, and serve under tribute.

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G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 1. Joseph. The double portion is given to him, as Ruben forfeited his birth-right. Chal. W. — Waters; or the celebrated fountain, which renders the territory so fruitful, and which was made sweet, by Eliseus casting salt into it, 4 K. ii. 19. — Wilderness of Bethaven. C. xviii. 12. and viii. 14. C. — Which, is not to be referred to wilderness, but to the word lot. Masius. M.

Ver. 2. To Luza. The Vulg. reads Bethel Luza, which may be supposed to be two names, (C. xviii. 13. H.) for the same city. M. Gen. xxviii. 29. — Bethel was probably the country, (C.) or mountain, (H.) to the east of Luza, on the frontiers of Benjamin and of Ephraim; for which reason it is sometimes attributed to both. — To Atharoth. This city, and Archi, are supposed by some to be the same city. Archi seems, however, to have been a distinct place, where Chusai ws born, 2 K. xv. 32. Atharoth is styled Addar, “the illustrious,” v. 5. It was 15 miles from Jericho.

Ver. 3. Nether. See C. x. 11. The upper Bethoron was of much less note, near the Jordan. — Gazer was in the vicinity of Azotus, 1 Mac. xiv. 34. C. x. 33. C.

Ver. 4. Possessed it, or divided the country between them. The territories of Ephraim are henceforward described, to the end of the chapter. M.

Ver. 6. Looketh to the north, &c. The meaning is, that the border went towards the north, by Machmethath; and then turned eastward to Thanathselo. Ch. — Borders. It should be terminus. “The border turneth eastward.” Sept. Bonfrere. — Janoe, twelve miles east of Sichem. Euseb. 4 K. xv. 29.

Ver. 8. Reeds. Sept. “of Cana.” The vale belonged to Manasses, but the cities were ceded to Ephraim, v. 9. C. xvii. 19. The limits of these two tribes are very confused. C. — Most salt. This is the title generally applied to the lake of Sodom. But here the Mediterranean is meant, which, compared with many of the seas of Palestine, is certainly most salt. M. — The epithet is not, however, found in Heb. or Sept. (C.) and Serarius thinks it has crept in here by mistake. M.

Ver. 10. Gazer. It is not certain when the Ephraimites rendered this city tributary, or when it threw off the yoke. The king of Egypt afterwards conquered it, and gave it with his daughter to Solomon. C. x. 33. C. See Judg. i. 29. — The negligence of Ephraim was contrary to God’s order. Ex. xx. M. — The Alex. Sept. here inserts after day, “till Pharao, king of Egypt, went up and took the city, and burnt it with fire, and the Chanaanites and Pherezites, and the inhabitants of Gazer, he slew; and Pharao gave it as a dowry to his daughter.” Grabe adds what seems deficient, “and they became tributary slaves.” H.