King James Bible
with Catholic Commentary by George Leo Haydock

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Job 5

Eliphaz urges that the sin of sinners in their ruin. (1-5) God is to be regarded in affliction. (6-16) The happy end of God’s correction. (17-27)

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Eliphaz urges that the sin of sinners in their ruin

1 Call now, if there be any that will answer thee; and to which of the saints wilt thou turn?

2 For wrath killeth the foolish man, and envy slayeth the silly one.

3 I have seen the foolish taking root: but suddenly I cursed his habitation.

4 His children are far from safety, and they are crushed in the gate, neither is there any to deliver them.

5 Whose harvest the hungry eateth up, and taketh it even out of the thorns, and the robber swalloweth up their substance.

God is to be regarded in affliction

6 Although affliction cometh not forth of the dust, neither doth trouble spring out of the ground;

7 Yet man is born unto trouble, as the sparks fly upward.

8 I would seek unto God, and unto God would I commit my cause:

9 Which doeth great things and unsearchable; marvellous things without number:

10 Who giveth rain upon the earth, and sendeth waters upon the fields:

11 To set up on high those that be low; that those which mourn may be exalted to safety.

12 He disappointeth the devices of the crafty, so that their hands cannot perform their enterprise.

13 He taketh the wise in their own craftiness: and the counsel of the froward is carried headlong.

14 They meet with darkness in the day time, and grope in the noonday as in the night.

15 But he saveth the poor from the sword, from their mouth, and from the hand of the mighty.

16 So the poor hath hope, and iniquity stoppeth her mouth.

The happy end of God’s correction

17 Behold, happy is the man whom God correcteth: therefore despise not thou the chastening of the Almighty:

18 For he maketh sore, and bindeth up: he woundeth, and his hands make whole.

19 He shall deliver thee in six troubles: yea, in seven there shall no evil touch thee.

20 In famine he shall redeem thee from death: and in war from the power of the sword.

21 Thou shalt be hid from the scourge of the tongue: neither shalt thou be afraid of destruction when it cometh.

22 At destruction and famine thou shalt laugh: neither shalt thou be afraid of the beasts of the earth.

23 For thou shalt be in league with the stones of the field: and the beasts of the field shall be at peace with thee.

24 And thou shalt know that thy tabernacle shall be in peace; and thou shalt visit thy habitation, and shalt not sin.

25 Thou shalt know also that thy seed shall be great, and thine offspring as the grass of the earth.

26 Thou shalt come to thy grave in a full age, like as a shock of corn cometh in in his season.

27 Lo this, we have searched it, so it is; hear it, and know thou it for thy good.

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G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 1. Saints. This is a proof of the invocation of the saints (C.) and angels. H. — The Jews often begged God to have mercy on them for the sake of the patriarchs. 2 Par. vi. 42. C. — Eliphaz, therefore, exhorts Job, if he have any patron or angel, to bring him forward in his defence. M. — Sept. “Invoke now if any one will hear thee, or if thou perceive any of the holy angels,” (H.) as I have done. M. — He extols himself, to correct the pretended presumption of his friend, (C.) and other defects, which none will dare to deny, as he supposes. See S. Greg. v. 30. W.

Ver. 2. Foolish and…little, here denote the wicked, as in the book of Proverbs. C. — He accuses Job of anger (M.) and folly. C.

Ver. 3. And I. Sept. “But presently their subsistence was eaten up.” I envied not their riches: but judged they would soon end. H.

Ver. 4. Gate, in judgment. M.

Ver. 6. Ground. If you had not sinned, you would not suffer. C.

Ver. 7. Bird. Heb. “sparks fly up.” H. — You can no more then expect to pass unpunished, since it is impossible for man to be innocent! (C.) and, at any rate, labour is inevitable. M. — We must gain our bread by the sweat of our brow. W.

Ver. 8. I will, or if I were in your place, I would sue for pardon. C. — Prot. “I would seek unto God,” (H.) under affliction. M.

Ver. 15. Mouth; detraction and calumny. C.

Ver. 19. In six, mentioned below; (M.) or in many, indefinitely. C. — Both during the six days of (M.) life, and at death, God’s grace delivers us. S. Greg. W.

Ver. 21. Scourge. Ecclus. (xxvi. 9. and xxviii. 21.) has the same expression. See Jam. iii. 6. C. — Calamity, from robbers, as the Heb. shod, (H.) intimates. The word is rendered destruction, vastitate, v. 22. M.

Ver. 23. Stones, so as not to stumble; or, the rocks will be a retreat for thee.

Ver. 24. Beauty does not mean his wife, as some grossly imagine, (C.) but a house well ordered. M. — Heb. “thy habitation.” Yet Sanchez adopts the former sentiment. In effect, the habitation includes all the regulation of a wife and family. H.

Ver. 26. Abundance. “With loud lamentations.” De Dieu. — “In full age, like as a shock of corn cometh in its season.” Prot. — After a life spent in happiness, thy memory will not be obliterated. Many shall bewail thy loss. H.

Ver. 27. Which thou. Sept. “And what we have heard: but do thou reflect with thyself what thou hast done.” H. — What had been revealed to Eliphaz was very true. Yet his conclusions were unwarrantable. C. — How confidently does he speak of his own knowledge, and how great must have been his disappointment, when God condemned him of folly, and sent him to be the prayers of that very man whom he now considered as a wretched sinner! H.