King James Bible
with Catholic Commentary by George Leo Haydock

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Job 18

Bildad reproves Job. (1-4) Ruin attends the wicked. (5-10) The ruin of the wicked. (11-21)

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Bildad reproves Job

1 Then answered Bildad the Shuhite, and said,

2 How long will it be ere ye make an end of words? mark, and afterwards we will speak.

3 Wherefore are we counted as beasts, and reputed vile in your sight?

4 He teareth himself in his anger: shall the earth be forsaken for thee? and shall the rock be removed out of his place?

Ruin attends the wicked

5 Yea, the light of the wicked shall be put out, and the spark of his fire shall not shine.

6 The light shall be dark in his tabernacle, and his candle shall be put out with him.

7 The steps of his strength shall be straitened, and his own counsel shall cast him down.

8 For he is cast into a net by his own feet, and he walketh upon a snare.

9 The gin shall take him by the heel, and the robber shall prevail against him.

10 The snare is laid for him in the ground, and a trap for him in the way.

The ruin of the wicked

11 Terrors shall make him afraid on every side, and shall drive him to his feet.

12 His strength shall be hungerbitten, and destruction shall be ready at his side.

13 It shall devour the strength of his skin: even the firstborn of death shall devour his strength.

14 His confidence shall be rooted out of his tabernacle, and it shall bring him to the king of terrors.

15 It shall dwell in his tabernacle, because it is none of his: brimstone shall be scattered upon his habitation.

16 His roots shall be dried up beneath, and above shall his branch be cut off.

17 His remembrance shall perish from the earth, and he shall have no name in the street.

18 He shall be driven from light into darkness, and chased out of the world.

19 He shall neither have son nor nephew among his people, nor any remaining in his dwellings.

20 They that come after him shall be astonied at his day, as they that went before were affrighted.

21 Surely such are the dwellings of the wicked, and this is the place of him that knoweth not God.

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G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 2. Understand ye. Teach this man to comprehend what we say. He deigns not to address Job in person: but repeats most of his former remarks respecting the wicked, as if they were unquestionably applicable to Job. C. viii. C. — Heb. “mark ye.” Sept. “do thou attend.” H. — Baldad speaks to many who might be of Job’s opinion, as he was a figure of the Church, defending the common cause; while his friends, like heretics, speak both true and false things. S. Greg. xiv. 1. W.

Ver. 3. Reputed. Sept. “silent as four-footed animals before thee? (H.) without discipline or understanding.” C. xvii. 4. M.

Ver. 4. Thou. Heb. “He teareth his soul in his fury!” H. — This is spoken with an air of contempt, as if Job were mad. C. xiii. 14. C. — Place. We should expect to see such effects, as soon as we would allow that God punishes thee, without thy being guilty. Hitherto he has treated the wicked only with such rigour. Still thou wouldst assert that thou art a singular example of an innocent man under oppression! C.

Ver. 6. Light; prosperity, (M.) offspring, &c. C.

Ver. 7. Step. He shall be greatly embarrassed, (M.) like a man in a narrow pass, (C.) beset with thorns. H. Prov. iv. 12. — Sept. “the weakest have made a prey of his possessions. H.

Ver. 8. Meshes, (maculis) or holes of the net. M. — The more he strives to get out, the more he gets entangled. C.

Ver. 9. Thirst: the greedy hunter. C. — Heb. “the robber.” H.

Ver. 11. Fears. Hunters used to place loose feathers round the wood, except where the gin was laid, in order to frighten the prey into it.

Puniceæque agitant formidine pennæ. Georg. iii.

Jer. xlviii. 44. “Like timid stags, while you avoid the moving feathers, you are entrapped in the strongest nets.” S. Jerom, c. Lucif. — Every thing tends to fill the poor beast with alarm. So the devil, conscience, and enemies on all sides, best the wicked. C.

Ver. 13. First-born denotes the best, or the worst. H. — Death. Heb. “of death,” the devil, or a premature death, and most cruel enemy. C. — Sept. “But death devours his most beautiful things.” H.

Ver. 14. Confidence. Sept. “health.” — Let. Prot. “and it shall bring him to the king of terrors;” (H.) or, “thou (O God) shalt,” &c. Sept. “let him be in the greatest (C.) want, on account of a royal accusation,” (H.) of high treason. C.

Ver. 15. Tent, when he is gone to purify it.

Et veniat quæ lustret anus lectumque locumque,

Præferat et tremulâ sulphur et ova manu. Ovid. Art.

— Yet Moses does not mention sulphur as a thing proper for purifications. Some think that Baldad hints that his house will be destroyed with lightning, or rendered uninhabitable by a loathsome smell.

Ver. 16. Harvest. Heb. also, “branch;” (C.) his family, (M.) and all on which he trusted. C. — All must be destroyed, root and branch.

Ver. 20. Them. Lit. “the first,” who were witnesses of his misery. H.