King James Bible
with Catholic Commentary by George Leo Haydock

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Job 13

Job reproves his friends. (1-12) He professes his confidence in God. (13-22) Job entreats to know his sins. (23-28)

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Job reproves his friends

1 Lo, mine eye hath seen all this, mine ear hath heard and understood it.

2 What ye know, the same do I know also: I am not inferior unto you.

3 Surely I would speak to the Almighty, and I desire to reason with God.

4 But ye are forgers of lies, ye are all physicians of no value.

5 O that ye would altogether hold your peace! and it should be your wisdom.

6 Hear now my reasoning, and hearken to the pleadings of my lips.

7 Will ye speak wickedly for God? and talk deceitfully for him?

8 Will ye accept his person? will ye contend for God?

9 Is it good that he should search you out? or as one man mocketh another, do ye so mock him?

10 He will surely reprove you, if ye do secretly accept persons.

11 Shall not his excellency make you afraid? and his dread fall upon you?

12 Your remembrances are like unto ashes, your bodies to bodies of clay.

He professes his confidence in God

13 Hold your peace, let me alone, that I may speak, and let come on me what will.

14 Wherefore do I take my flesh in my teeth, and put my life in mine hand?

15 Though he slay me, yet will I trust in him: but I will maintain mine own ways before him.

16 He also shall be my salvation: for an hypocrite shall not come before him.

17 Hear diligently my speech, and my declaration with your ears.

18 Behold now, I have ordered my cause; I know that I shall be justified.

19 Who is he that will plead with me? for now, if I hold my tongue, I shall give up the ghost.

20 Only do not two things unto me: then will I not hide myself from thee.

21 Withdraw thine hand far from me: and let not thy dread make me afraid.

22 Then call thou, and I will answer: or let me speak, and answer thou me.

Job entreats to know his sins

23 How many are mine iniquities and sins? make me to know my transgression and my sin.

24 Wherefore hidest thou thy face, and holdest me for thine enemy?

25 Wilt thou break a leaf driven to and fro? and wilt thou pursue the dry stubble?

26 For thou writest bitter things against me, and makest me to possess the iniquities of my youth.

27 Thou puttest my feet also in the stocks, and lookest narrowly unto all my paths; thou settest a print upon the heels of my feet.

28 And he, as a rotten thing, consumeth, as a garment that is moth eaten.

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G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 1. All, without your information. C.

Ver. 3. Reason. Heb. “to dispute with, or before God,” concerning the matter which we have in hand. He appeals to God, as to the judge of all.

Ver. 4. Having. Heb. “But ye are sewers of lies.” C. — Sept. “unskilful surgeons, (who, instead of sewing up a wound, increase it) and all of you doctors of evil;” vain empirics. — Maintainers. Prot. “ye are all physicians of no value.” H.

Ver. 5. Men. Prov. xvii. 28. If you had been silent, you might still have had the reputation of wisdom. C.

Ver. 6. Judgment. Heb. “pleading” before our common judge. H.

Ver. 8. Accept. Heb. “will you not be seized with fear?” Olympiodorus translates, “will you stad in his presence, and dispute with him?” C. — Sept. “Are you sent to be judges?” &c. or, do you suppose that you hope to gain his favour? C. — He knows the state of my soul best; then I myself: but you are quite in the dark. W.

Ver. 9. Or. Heb. “Is it good that he should examine you, would you escape?” C.

Ver. 10. His. Heb. “persons.” Because you see me afflicted, you infer that I am guilty; and think this mode of judging most honourable to God, whom you wish thus to please. H. — But he stands not in need of lies; (C.) and something farther is still to be proved. H. — You judge rashly, as if you designed to please a prince, (M.) without examining the cause of the accused. H.

Ver. 12. Necks. Sept. “body.” Heb. also, (H.) “heights,” (C.) or “fortifications.” Grotius.

Ver. 13. Whatsoever. Heb. “come what will.“ Sept. “that my anger may cease.” H.

Ver. 14. Why you seem to ask do I thus eagerly desire to die, (H.) as if I wear tearing my own flesh, and exposing my soul to danger, (W.) like a madman? T. — Is it not better for me to address myself to God, that he would hasten my departure, than thus to tear my flesh with my teeth? C. — Some have supposed that Job really did so in extreme anguish, (V. Bede) the leprosy occasioning such an insupportable irritation. H. — But the expression insinuates an interior anguish or despair; (Isai. xlix. 26.) in which sense Pythagoras enjoins, “no to eat the heart.” — Hands, in imminent danger of death. Ps. cxviii. 109. — S. Gregory explains it in a moral sense: “It is to manifest the intention of the heart by the actions.” H.

Ver. 15. In him. Heb. lu is read, though lo, “not,” is written in the Heb. text. H. — Protestants, &c. follow the sense of the Vulgate, and Junius comes to the same, as he reads lo with an interrogation: “Should I not hope in him?” Luther and the Belgic version go astray: “Behold he shall kill me, and I cannot expect,” or hope; I am resolved to die: which words indicate “extreme impatience.” Amama. — Sept. “If the powerful (or Lord) lay [not] hands on me, since it is commenced? No: but I shall speak and arraign [you] before him,” &c. The words not and you are thus placed in Grabe’s edition. H. — Ways. I do not pretend that I am quite blameless. C. — Prot. “I will maintain (Marg. prove or argue) mine own ways before him.” H. — I will hope, like Abraham, even against hope, to shew that I am not actuated by despair: yet I will continue to declare my innocence, v. 16. T.

Ver. 16. Hypocrite. If I were such, I should not dare to appeal so boldly to his tribunal. C.

Ver. 17. Truths. Lit. “riddles” to you. Heb. achavathi, (H.) means “instructions,” &c. C.

Ver. 18. Just. He was in extreme anguish, yet still trusted in God. W.

Ver. 19. Peace. It will be some consolation to explain my reasons. If I am fairly overcome, I shall die with more content. C.

Ver. 20. Only. He makes the same petition to God as C. ix. 34. and xxxiii. 7. H.

Ver. 23. Offences, which might be hidden to Job himself. W. — He speaks to God with the freedom which he had requested, desiring to know if he were really guilty, (C.) that he might give glory to him, (H.) by an humble confession.

Ver. 26. Bitter. The judge wrote down the sentence; which he read, or gave to his officer. C. — Youth, for which I thought I had satisfied. H.

Ver. 27. Stocks, in which the person’s legs were sometimes stretched to the sixth hole; (C.) at other times, the neck was confined. M. — Some translate the Heb. “in the mud,” which agrees with the other part of the verse. — Steps. Heb. and Sept. “roots,” or ankles, which retain the prints made by the stocks.

Ver. 28. Rottenness. Sept. “an old vessel,” or skin, to contain wine, &c. C. — My condition might excite pity. M.