King James Bible
with Catholic Commentary by George Leo Haydock

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Job 11

Zophar reproves Job. (1-6) God’s perfections and almighty power. (7-12) Zophar assures Job of blessings if he repented. (13-20)

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Zophar reproves Job

1 Then answered Zophar the Naamathite, and said,

2 Should not the multitude of words be answered? and should a man full of talk be justified?

3 Should thy lies make men hold their peace? and when thou mockest, shall no man make thee ashamed?

4 For thou hast said, My doctrine is pure, and I am clean in thine eyes.

5 But oh that God would speak, and open his lips against thee;

6 And that he would shew thee the secrets of wisdom, that they are double to that which is! Know therefore that God exacteth of thee less than thine iniquity deserveth.

God’s perfections and almighty power

7 Canst thou by searching find out God? canst thou find out the Almighty unto perfection?

8 It is as high as heaven; what canst thou do? deeper than hell; what canst thou know?

9 The measure thereof is longer than the earth, and broader than the sea.

10 If he cut off, and shut up, or gather together, then who can hinder him?

11 For he knoweth vain men: he seeth wickedness also; will he not then consider it?

12 For vain men would be wise, though man be born like a wild ass’s colt.

Zophar assures Job of blessings if he repented

13 If thou prepare thine heart, and stretch out thine hands toward him;

14 If iniquity be in thine hand, put it far away, and let not wickedness dwell in thy tabernacles.

15 For then shalt thou lift up thy face without spot; yea, thou shalt be stedfast, and shalt not fear:

16 Because thou shalt forget thy misery, and remember it as waters that pass away:

17 And thine age shall be clearer than the noonday: thou shalt shine forth, thou shalt be as the morning.

18 And thou shalt be secure, because there is hope; yea, thou shalt dig about thee, and thou shalt take thy rest in safety.

19 Also thou shalt lie down, and none shall make thee afraid; yea, many shall make suit unto thee.

20 But the eyes of the wicked shall fail, and they shall not escape, and their hope shall be as the giving up of the ghost.

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G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 1. Naamathite. Sept. “the Minean,” in Arabia Felix, or rather of the Meonim, not far from the Themanites. Judg. x. 11. Sophar was probably a descendant of Sepho, styled by Sept. Sophar, (Gen. xxxvi. 11. and 1 Par. i. 36.) brother of Thaman, and grandson of Eliphaz, the son of Esau. C. — He speaks with greater insolence than the two others, (Pineda) and inveighs against Job, insisting that he can be punished thus only for his crimes. C.

Ver. 2. Much. The speeches of Job seemed tedious to him, because he was not of his opinion. M. — He might have applied to himself and his friends the fault of talking too much, as they all spoke many things to no purpose, whereas Job went straight to the point. W.

Ver. 3. Men. Heb. “shall thy lies make men keep silence?” Sept. “Blessed be the short-lived son of a woman. Speak not much, for there is no one to give sentence against thee.” H. — Mocked, by not acquiescing to their solid arguments, (M.) and speaking with much animation. Pineda.

Ver. 4. Sight. Job had just said the reverse. C. ix. 2. S. Chrys.

Ver. 6. Law. Heb. Thushiya, (H.) “the essence” of any thing. Hence it is explained, “law, strength, comfort,” &c. We might translate, “and that the reality of thy crimes deserved double punishment,” &c. The obligations of the natural, and also of the written law of Moses, with which Job was (C.) perhaps (H.) acquainted, (C. xxii. 22.) are very numerous and difficult. The ways of Providence are not easily understood, though some are obvious enough. He rewards and punishes. C. — Sept. “for it is double of what has come against thee, and then thou wouldst know that thy sins are justly requited.” Prot. “that they are double to that which is: Know, therefore, that God exacteth of thee less than thine iniquity deserveth.“ 1 Esd. ix. 13. H.

Ver. 7. Perfectly? If not, it is rash to find fault. M.

Ver. 11. It? to inflict punishment. Sept. “he will not overlook.” H.

Ver. 12. Is. Heb. “is he heart? or wise, (C.) he who is born like a,” &c. Shall he assert his independence, or pretend to be wise? H. — The Hebrews place wisdom in the heart, as we do courage. C. xii. 3. Prov. ii. 2. &c. C.

Ver. 13. But. Heb. “If thou direct thy heart, &c. Thou mayst lift up thy face,” (v. 15. H.) without fear. 2 K. ii. 22. C.

Ver. 14. Iniquity. Of this Job was not conscious, and therefore could not confess it. W.

Ver. 15. Without. Sept. “as clean water, thou shalt pass away corruption, and shalt not fear.”

Ver. 17. Brightness. Sept. “But thy prayer, like the day-star and life, shall arise to thee from the south, or as at noon-day.” Heb. “Thy age (H.) shall appear clearer than the noon-day, and darkness like the morning.” Prosperity shall succeed, (C.) when thou shalt think all lost. M.

Ver. 18. Secure, dying full of hope. Chal. Heb. “thou shalt dig,” (for water, which was there a great treasure. Gen. xxi. 25. and xxvi. 15.) or to fasten down thy tent, (C.) “and rest secure.” H.

Ver. 19. Face. Luther translates “shall flatter thee.” The Dutch version, which is taken from Luther’s, has mistaken a letter, and rendered “shall flee before thee,” which shews the danger of translating without recurring to the originals. Amama.

Ver. 20. Soul, because hope deferred causeth pain to the soul. Prov. xiii. 12. M. — Heb. “their hope shall be the sorrow, or the breathing out of the soul.” C. — Prot. “the giving up of the ghost.” Margin, “a puff of breath.” C. xviii. 14. H.