King James Bible
with Catholic Commentary by George Leo Haydock

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Job 10

Job complains of his hardships. (1-7) He pleads with God as his Maker. (8-13) He complains of God’s severity. (14-22)

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Job complains of his hardships

1 My soul is weary of my life; I will leave my complaint upon myself; I will speak in the bitterness of my soul.

2 I will say unto God, Do not condemn me; shew me wherefore thou contendest with me.

3 Is it good unto thee that thou shouldest oppress, that thou shouldest despise the work of thine hands, and shine upon the counsel of the wicked?

4 Hast thou eyes of flesh? or seest thou as man seeth?

5 Are thy days as the days of man? are thy years as man’s days,

6 That thou enquirest after mine iniquity, and searchest after my sin?

7 Thou knowest that I am not wicked; and there is none that can deliver out of thine hand.

He pleads with God as his Maker

8 Thine hands have made me and fashioned me together round about; yet thou dost destroy me.

9 Remember, I beseech thee, that thou hast made me as the clay; and wilt thou bring me into dust again?

10 Hast thou not poured me out as milk, and curdled me like cheese?

11 Thou hast clothed me with skin and flesh, and hast fenced me with bones and sinews.

12 Thou hast granted me life and favour, and thy visitation hath preserved my spirit.

13 And these things hast thou hid in thine heart: I know that this is with thee.

He complains of God’s severity

14 If I sin, then thou markest me, and thou wilt not acquit me from mine iniquity.

15 If I be wicked, woe unto me; and if I be righteous, yet will I not lift up my head. I am full of confusion; therefore see thou mine affliction;

16 For it increaseth. Thou huntest me as a fierce lion: and again thou shewest thyself marvellous upon me.

17 Thou renewest thy witnesses against me, and increasest thine indignation upon me; changes and war are against me.

18 Wherefore then hast thou brought me forth out of the womb? Oh that I had given up the ghost, and no eye had seen me!

19 I should have been as though I had not been; I should have been carried from the womb to the grave.

20 Are not my days few? cease then, and let me alone, that I may take comfort a little,

21 Before I go whence I shall not return, even to the land of darkness and the shadow of death;

22 A land of darkness, as darkness itself; and of the shadow of death, without any order, and where the light is as darkness.

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G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 1. Life. Job had intimated a fear to proceed any farther. C. — But perceiving that he had not convinced his friends, he continues his discourse (H.) in still stronger terms, yet so as to acknowledge the justice of God. C. — Speech against. Heb. “complaint upon, (H.) or respecting myself,” I will deplore my misfortunes, (C.) or I will say no more about them. M.

Ver. 2. Judgest. Heb. “contendest with me,” as with an enemy? Is it to punish some fault, or only to make thy grace shine forth? C.

Ver. 3. Calumniate permissively, by treating me in such a manner, that others lay false crimes to my charge. Heb. “oppress and despise the work.” — Wicked, who are ready enough (H.) to assert that virtue is useless, (C.) and that God mindeth not human affairs. My affliction will confirm them in their false notion, (H.) and my friends will triumph as if their arguments were well founded. The devil will also exult. C. — He knew that God could not be guilty of calumny, and inquireth why he is afflicted. W.

Ver. 4. Seeth, judging only of the exterior. T. v. 6.

Ver. 5. Days, sometimes denote judgments. 1 Cor. iv. 3. Is God liable to change, like men, or does he stand in need of time to examine them, or fear lest they should escape? C. — Is it necessary for him to prove his friends, to know their real dispositions? Sanctius.

Ver. 7. Shouldst. Heb. and Sept. “Thou knowest that…and there,” &c. H. — It would be vain for me to appeal to any other. C.

Ver. 8. Sudden, like a potter’s vessel? Job was reduced to misery all at once. C. — He acknowledges that God may destroy him as his creature; but that character encourages him to hope for mercy, grace, and glory. W.

Ver. 10. Milked. Heb. “poured me out as milk, and curdled me like cheese?” H. — See Wisd. vii. 1. The ancients explained our origin by the comparison of milk curdled, or cheese; (Arist. i. 10. Pliny vii. 15.) which the moderns have explained on more plausible principles. C. — Yet still we may acknowledge our ignorance with the mother of Machabees. 2 Mac. vii. 22.

Ver. 12. Thy fatherly visitation (H.) but still preserved my life. C.

Ver. 13. Rememberest. Sept. “canst do all things.” Heb. “this is with thee.” H. — I am convinced that thou still regardest me with affection, though it would appear as if thou hadst forgotten me. C.

Ver. 14. Iniquity? Punishing me for the sins which seemed to be pardoned. C. — Heb. “If I sin, then thou makest me, and wilt not suffer; (H.) or if thou hast not pardoned my iniquity: (15) And,” &c. C.

Ver. 15. Woe. Thou wilt not suffer me to pass unpunished. C. — Head. I will adore in silence. C. ix. 15. 31. Ven. Bede. C.

Ver. 16. Pride. If I give way to pride, thou wilt pull me down, though I were as fierce and strong as a lioness. Heb. “for it (affliction) increaseth. Thou huntest me.” Prot. — Returning. Heb. and Sept. “again.” H.

Ver. 17. Witnesses, afflictions; (M.) “wounds.” Pagnin. T.

Ver. 20. Lament. Heb. “take comfort,” (H.) or breath. C. — Repentance is always necessary, but more particularly at the hour of death. W.

Ver. 21. Death, to the grave, or to hell, (C.) if my sins deserve it. H.

Ver. 22. Horror. At death all distinction of ranks is at an end. T. — Heb. “where the light is as darkness.” Prot. Sept. “To the land of eternal darkness, where there is no sound, nor life of mortals to see.” H.