King James Bible
with Catholic Commentary by George Leo Haydock

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Jeremiah 6

The invasion of Judea. (1-8) The justice of God’s proceedings. (9-17) All methods used to amend them had been without success. (18-30)

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The invasion of Judea

1 O ye children of Benjamin, gather yourselves to flee out of the midst of Jerusalem, and blow the trumpet in Tekoa, and set up a sign of fire in Bethhaccerem: for evil appeareth out of the north, and great destruction.

2 I have likened the daughter of Zion to a comely and delicate woman.

3 The shepherds with their flocks shall come unto her; they shall pitch their tents against her round about; they shall feed every one in his place.

4 Prepare ye war against her; arise, and let us go up at noon. Woe unto us! for the day goeth away, for the shadows of the evening are stretched out.

5 Arise, and let us go by night, and let us destroy her palaces.

6 For thus hath the LORD of hosts said, Hew ye down trees, and cast a mount against Jerusalem: this is the city to be visited; she is wholly oppression in the midst of her.

7 As a fountain casteth out her waters, so she casteth out her wickedness: violence and spoil is heard in her; before me continually is grief and wounds.

8 Be thou instructed, O Jerusalem, lest my soul depart from thee; lest I make thee desolate, a land not inhabited.

The justice of God’s proceedings

9 Thus saith the LORD of hosts, They shall throughly glean the remnant of Israel as a vine: turn back thine hand as a grapegatherer into the baskets.

10 To whom shall I speak, and give warning, that they may hear? behold, their ear is uncircumcised, and they cannot hearken: behold, the word of the LORD is unto them a reproach; they have no delight in it.

11 Therefore I am full of the fury of the LORD; I am weary with holding in: I will pour it out upon the children abroad, and upon the assembly of young men together: for even the husband with the wife shall be taken, the aged with him that is full of days.

12 And their houses shall be turned unto others, with their fields and wives together: for I will stretch out my hand upon the inhabitants of the land, saith the LORD.

13 For from the least of them even unto the greatest of them every one is given to covetousness; and from the prophet even unto the priest every one dealeth falsely.

14 They have healed also the hurt of the daughter of my people slightly, saying, Peace, peace; when there is no peace.

15 Were they ashamed when they had committed abomination? nay, they were not at all ashamed, neither could they blush: therefore they shall fall among them that fall: at the time that I visit them they shall be cast down, saith the LORD.

16 Thus saith the LORD, Stand ye in the ways, and see, and ask for the old paths, where is the good way, and walk therein, and ye shall find rest for your souls. But they said, We will not walk therein.

17 Also I set watchmen over you, saying, Hearken to the sound of the trumpet. But they said, We will not hearken.

All methods used to amend them had been without success

18 Therefore hear, ye nations, and know, O congregation, what is among them.

19 Hear, O earth: behold, I will bring evil upon this people, even the fruit of their thoughts, because they have not hearkened unto my words, nor to my law, but rejected it.

20 To what purpose cometh there to me incense from Sheba, and the sweet cane from a far country? your burnt offerings are not acceptable, nor your sacrifices sweet unto me.

21 Therefore thus saith the LORD, Behold, I will lay stumblingblocks before this people, and the fathers and the sons together shall fall upon them; the neighbour and his friend shall perish.

22 Thus saith the LORD, Behold, a people cometh from the north country, and a great nation shall be raised from the sides of the earth.

23 They shall lay hold on bow and spear; they are cruel, and have no mercy; their voice roareth like the sea; and they ride upon horses, set in array as men for war against thee, O daughter of Zion.

24 We have heard the fame thereof: our hands wax feeble: anguish hath taken hold of us, and pain, as of a woman in travail.

25 Go not forth into the field, nor walk by the way; for the sword of the enemy and fear is on every side.

26 O daughter of my people, gird thee with sackcloth, and wallow thyself in ashes: make thee mourning, as for an only son, most bitter lamentation: for the spoiler shall suddenly come upon us.

27 I have set thee for a tower and a fortress among my people, that thou mayest know and try their way.

28 They are all grievous revolters, walking with slanders: they are brass and iron; they are all corrupters.

29 The bellows are burned, the lead is consumed of the fire; the founder melteth in vain: for the wicked are not plucked away.

30 Reprobate silver shall men call them, because the LORD hath rejected them.

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G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 1. Strengthen. Heb. also, “Flee, Benjamites, from the midst,” &c. Jerusalem belonged partly to this tribe, which prided itself on its valour. — Thecua was in the lot of Juda, 15 miles south of Jerusalem. — North. The Chaldees approach. C. i. 13. C.

Ver. 3. Shepherds. So captains are styled, because they feed and govern soldiers. W.

Ver. 4. Prepare. Lit. “sanctify.” Observe the usual formalities of demanding reparation, offering victims, &c. The Chaldees thus encourage one another, and will allow themselves no rest day or night. v. 5.

Ver. 7. Cold. Heb. “come forth.” All the citizens imitate her vices.

Ver. 8. Instructed, by afflictions and prosperity, by public and internal admonitions. Willful ignorance is criminal, and drives God away. C. li. 9. Ps. lxxx. 12.

Ver. 9. Basket. Chaldees, destroy all. Nabuchodonosor took Joakim twice, and afterwards Jechonias and Sedecias. C. xxix. 2.

Ver. 10. Uncircumcised. Impure and deaf. C. — Non vocat impossibilitas supplicio quæ de contemptu et infidelitate descendit. S. Jer.

Ver. 11. In. Jeremias is indignant. The Lord then orders him to pour, or declare what will ensue. C.

Ver. 13. Prophet. Sept. “false prophet.” C. iv. 31. H.

Ver. 14. Disgracefully. They shall be ashamed, when the contrary to what they declared shall come to pass. C. viii. 11.

Ver. 16. Paths, of patriarchs, and of Moses. Avoid novelty in religion. C. — This advice is very applicable to the present generation. H.

Ver. 17. Watchmen. Prophets. Ezec. iii. 17. and xxxiii. 2.

Ver. 18. Congregation. Sept. “shepherds feeding their flocks have heard.” The Chaldees are apprised of my resolution against Juda. C. — After the Jews had been called repeatedly in vain, the Gentiles obey. Mat. x. 5. W.

Ver. 20. To me. For want of proper dispositions; otherwise the offerings of the best things were enjoined, and commendable. The Jews are taught not to depend on external observances, while they neglect the heart. C.

Ver. 22. North. As Babylon lay with respect to Jerusalem, (W.) or rather to the east. H.

Ver. 26. Only son. Let thy grief be extraordinary. Amos viii. 10. Zac. xii. 10.

Ver. 27. Trier of my people, as of gold in the furnace. Job xxii. 25.

Ver. 29. Bellows, or crucible. — Lead, which was intermixed to purify the dross (S. Jer.) of gold and silver. But brass and iron could not be thus purified. All would be lost labour. Afflictions do not correct the obstinate. C.