King James Bible
with Catholic Commentary by George Leo Haydock

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Jeremiah 5

The Jews’ profession of religion was hypocritical. (1-9) The cruel proceedings of their enemies. (10-18) Their apostacy and idolatry. (19-31)

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The Jews’ profession of religion was hypocritical

1 Run ye to and fro through the streets of Jerusalem, and see now, and know, and seek in the broad places thereof, if ye can find a man, if there be any that executeth judgment, that seeketh the truth; and I will pardon it.

2 And though they say, The LORD liveth; surely they swear falsely.

3 O LORD, are not thine eyes upon the truth? thou hast stricken them, but they have not grieved; thou hast consumed them, but they have refused to receive correction: they have made their faces harder than a rock; they have refused to return.

4 Therefore I said, Surely these are poor; they are foolish: for they know not the way of the LORD, nor the judgment of their God.

5 I will get me unto the great men, and will speak unto them; for they have known the way of the LORD, and the judgment of their God: but these have altogether broken the yoke, and burst the bonds.

6 Wherefore a lion out of the forest shall slay them, and a wolf of the evenings shall spoil them, a leopard shall watch over their cities: every one that goeth out thence shall be torn in pieces: because their transgressions are many, and their backslidings are increased.

7 How shall I pardon thee for this? thy children have forsaken me, and sworn by them that are no gods: when I had fed them to the full, they then committed adultery, and assembled themselves by troops in the harlots’ houses.

8 They were as fed horses in the morning: every one neighed after his neighbour’s wife.

9 Shall I not visit for these things? saith the LORD: and shall not my soul be avenged on such a nation as this?

The cruel proceedings of their enemies

10 Go ye up upon her walls, and destroy; but make not a full end: take away her battlements; for they are not the LORD’s.

11 For the house of Israel and the house of Judah have dealt very treacherously against me, saith the LORD.

12 They have belied the LORD, and said, It is not he; neither shall evil come upon us; neither shall we see sword nor famine:

13 And the prophets shall become wind, and the word is not in them: thus shall it be done unto them.

14 Wherefore thus saith the LORD God of hosts, Because ye speak this word, behold, I will make my words in thy mouth fire, and this people wood, and it shall devour them.

15 Lo, I will bring a nation upon you from far, O house of Israel, saith the LORD: it is a mighty nation, it is an ancient nation, a nation whose language thou knowest not, neither understandest what they say.

16 Their quiver is as an open sepulchre, they are all mighty men.

17 And they shall eat up thine harvest, and thy bread, which thy sons and thy daughters should eat: they shall eat up thy flocks and thine herds: they shall eat up thy vines and thy fig trees: they shall impoverish thy fenced cities, wherein thou trustedst, with the sword.

18 Nevertheless in those days, saith the LORD, I will not make a full end with you.

Their apostacy and idolatry

19 And it shall come to pass, when ye shall say, Wherefore doeth the LORD our God all these things unto us? then shalt thou answer them, Like as ye have forsaken me, and served strange gods in your land, so shall ye serve strangers in a land that is not your’s.

20 Declare this in the house of Jacob, and publish it in Judah, saying,

21 Hear now this, O foolish people, and without understanding; which have eyes, and see not; which have ears, and hear not:

22 Fear ye not me? saith the LORD: will ye not tremble at my presence, which have placed the sand for the bound of the sea by a perpetual decree, that it cannot pass it: and though the waves thereof toss themselves, yet can they not prevail; though they roar, yet can they not pass over it?

23 But this people hath a revolting and a rebellious heart; they are revolted and gone.

24 Neither say they in their heart, Let us now fear the LORD our God, that giveth rain, both the former and the latter, in his season: he reserveth unto us the appointed weeks of the harvest.

25 Your iniquities have turned away these things, and your sins have withholden good things from you.

26 For among my people are found wicked men: they lay wait, as he that setteth snares; they set a trap, they catch men.

27 As a cage is full of birds, so are their houses full of deceit: therefore they are become great, and waxen rich.

28 They are waxen fat, they shine: yea, they overpass the deeds of the wicked: they judge not the cause, the cause of the fatherless, yet they prosper; and the right of the needy do they not judge.

29 Shall I not visit for these things? saith the LORD: shall not my soul be avenged on such a nation as this?

30 A wonderful and horrible thing is committed in the land;

31 The prophets prophesy falsely, and the priests bear rule by their means; and my people love to have it so: and what will ye do in the end thereof?

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G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 1. Go, Jeremias, and you who publicly adhere to me. — Man. Sodom would have been spared for the sake of ten just people. Gen. xviii. 32. Before the reform of Josias, Jerusalem was strangely corrupted, though these expressions be hyperbolical, and spoken as it were in the heat of debate. Josias, Holda, and others, were living at this time, and renowned for their piety.

Ver. 2. Falsely. Some may confess my name. But they swear falsely. C. iv. 2. C. — Unless the requisite conditions be observed, an oath is unlawful. W.

Ver. 3. Return. The miseries with which, Achaz, &c. were afflicted, produced no amendment.

Ver. 4. Foolish idiots, (C.) who have had no means of receiving instruction. H. — Such might be more excusable; but when the chiefs offend, the evil is irremediable.

Ver. 6. Lion. Nabuchodonosor. — Wolf. Cambyses, (C.) and leopard. Epiphanes. H. — The Chaldees, Persians and Greeks afflicted them. S. Jer. — The first beast may designate Nabuc: the second Nabuzardon: the third, Alexander or Epiphanes. W.

Ver. 7. How can. I have only the character of judge left. C.

Ver. 8. Stallions. Heb. mashcim, (H.) “stretching out,” as others translate. Ezec. xxiii. 20. S. Jer. — The horse is the most intemperate of all animals but man. Aristot. Hist. vi. 22.

Ver. 10. Destroy, at the first taking of the city, v. 18. and C. iv. 27. — Branches. Children of Jechonias, (C. xxii. 30.) and the people. C. — Heb. “her battlements,” (H.) Chal. “palaces.”

Ver. 13. Them. The evil shall fall on the head of these impostors. So the wicked deride the prophets (C.) impugning the known truth. H.

Ver. 14. Fire. Thou shalt declare their impending ruin.

Ver. 15. Ancient. Nemrod founded the empire of Ninive and of Babylon. Gen. x. 10. Nabopolassar had succeeded to the ancient Assyrian and Chaldee sovereigns. Under his son, Nabuchodonosor, the dominions were much enlarged. — Say. 4 K. xviii. 26.

Ver. 17. Devour. Heb. “destroy.” They did not eat human flesh.

Ver. 19. Own. You shall thus know the difference between the masters. C.

Ver. 21. Understanding. Lit. “heart.” C. iv. 22. H.

Ver. 22. It. Nature and chance are improper terms. God regulates all, and has established those laws which preserve the world.

Ver. 24. Rain, in autumn and in spring. Deut. xi. 14. C. — Fulness. Heb. “the weeks for harvest.” H. — That of barley began at the Passover, and that of wheat ended before the feast of weeks, (Ex. xxxiv. 22. Lev. xxiii. 10. C.) or Pentecost. H.

Ver. 25. Away. The rain comes unseasonably.

Ver. 26. Man. As some tyrants have done, though this implies (C.) the eagerness with which the wicked strive to corrupt mankind. H.

Ver. 28. Of the widow, is not in Heb. C. — Fatherless. Prot. add, “yet they prosper, and they,” &c. H.

Ver. 29. Nation? It is contrary to God’s justice not to punish the guilty. W.

Ver. 31. Clapped. Heb. “came down to, or received in, or domineered by their hands.” The priests concurred with these impostors for their own ends. C.