King James Bible
with Catholic Commentary by George Leo Haydock

Jeremiah > Old Testament > Home

Jeremiah 46

The defeat of the Egyptians. (1-12) Their overthrow after the siege of Tyre. (13-26) A promise of comfort to the Jews. (27,28)

Jeremiah 46 Audio:

Audio clip: Adobe Flash Player (version 9 or above) is required to play this audio clip. Download the latest version here. You also need to have JavaScript enabled in your browser.

The defeat of the Egyptians

1 The word of the LORD which came to Jeremiah the prophet against the Gentiles;

2 Against Egypt, against the army of Pharaohnecho king of Egypt, which was by the river Euphrates in Carchemish, which Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon smote in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah.

3 Order ye the buckler and shield, and draw near to battle.

4 Harness the horses; and get up, ye horsemen, and stand forth with your helmets; furbish the spears, and put on the brigandines.

5 Wherefore have I seen them dismayed and turned away back? and their mighty ones are beaten down, and are fled apace, and look not back: for fear was round about, saith the LORD.

6 Let not the swift flee away, nor the mighty man escape; they shall stumble, and fall toward the north by the river Euphrates.

7 Who is this that cometh up as a flood, whose waters are moved as the rivers?

8 Egypt riseth up like a flood, and his waters are moved like the rivers; and he saith, I will go up, and will cover the earth; I will destroy the city and the inhabitants thereof.

9 Come up, ye horses; and rage, ye chariots; and let the mighty men come forth; the Ethiopians and the Libyans, that handle the shield; and the Lydians, that handle and bend the bow.

10 For this is the day of the Lord GOD of hosts, a day of vengeance, that he may avenge him of his adversaries: and the sword shall devour, and it shall be satiate and made drunk with their blood: for the Lord GOD of hosts hath a sacrifice in the north country by the river Euphrates.

11 Go up into Gilead, and take balm, O virgin, the daughter of Egypt: in vain shalt thou use many medicines; for thou shalt not be cured.

12 The nations have heard of thy shame, and thy cry hath filled the land: for the mighty man hath stumbled against the mighty, and they are fallen both together.

Their overthrow after the siege of Tyre

13 The word that the LORD spake to Jeremiah the prophet, how Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon should come and smite the land of Egypt.

14 Declare ye in Egypt, and publish in Migdol, and publish in Noph and in Tahpanhes: say ye, Stand fast, and prepare thee; for the sword shall devour round about thee.

15 Why are thy valiant men swept away? they stood not, because the LORD did drive them.

16 He made many to fall, yea, one fell upon another: and they said, Arise, and let us go again to our own people, and to the land of our nativity, from the oppressing sword.

17 They did cry there, Pharaoh king of Egypt is but a noise; he hath passed the time appointed.

18 As I live, saith the King, whose name is the LORD of hosts, Surely as Tabor is among the mountains, and as Carmel by the sea, so shall he come.

19 O thou daughter dwelling in Egypt, furnish thyself to go into captivity: for Noph shall be waste and desolate without an inhabitant.

20 Egypt is like a very fair heifer, but destruction cometh; it cometh out of the north.

21 Also her hired men are in the midst of her like fatted bullocks; for they also are turned back, and are fled away together: they did not stand, because the day of their calamity was come upon them, and the time of their visitation.

22 The voice thereof shall go like a serpent; for they shall march with an army, and come against her with axes, as hewers of wood.

23 They shall cut down her forest, saith the LORD, though it cannot be searched; because they are more than the grasshoppers, and are innumerable.

24 The daughter of Egypt shall be confounded; she shall be delivered into the hand of the people of the north.

25 The LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, saith; Behold, I will punish the multitude of No, and Pharaoh, and Egypt, with their gods, and their kings; even Pharaoh, and all them that trust in him:

26 And I will deliver them into the hand of those that seek their lives, and into the hand of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon, and into the hand of his servants: and afterward it shall be inhabited, as in the days of old, saith the LORD.

A promise of comfort to the Jews

27 But fear not thou, O my servant Jacob, and be not dismayed, O Israel: for, behold, I will save thee from afar off, and thy seed from the land of their captivity; and Jacob shall return, and be in rest and at ease, and none shall make him afraid.

28 Fear thou not, O Jacob my servant, saith the LORD: for I am with thee; for I will make a full end of all the nations whither I have driven thee: but I will not make a full end of thee, but correct thee in measure; yet will I not leave thee wholly unpunished.

« »

G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 1. Gentiles, to whom Jeremias was sent. C. i. 5. What follows regards them, (C.) if we except the last chapter. H. — It was thought proper to place these predictions here, though out of their chronological order, to which the Sept. have more adhered, placing them after C. xxv. C. — The punishment of the chief enemies of the Jews is foretold. W.

Ver. 2. Nechao. He slew Josias, and took all as far as Charcamis. 4 K. xxiii. Four years after Nabopolasser associated his son, and sent him to conquer these countries, which he effected. 4 K. xxiv. 7. Jos.

Ver. 3. Prepare Egyptians, the enemy is at hand. C.

Ver. 5. Seen. The prophets usually speak as if things were already past. W.

Ver. 6. Away. It will be in vain. C. — Nechao went to defend Charcamis, but lost “many myriads in the battle,” and all the country “as far as Pelusium, except Judea.” Joseph. x. 7.

Ver. 7. Rivers. He alludes to the Nile. The king of Egypt had a numerous army.

Ver. 8. City; Babylon, and every fort which shall oppose my progress. C.

Ver. 9. Men. Soldiers formed one of the principal classes among the Egyptians. Herod. ii. 164. — Ethiopians. Heb. “Cush,” in Lower Egypt, on the Red Sea. — Lybians. Heb. “Phut, another son of Cham, inhabiting the Nome Phtenethu.” Ezec. xxx. 5. Nah. iii. 2. — Lydians. Their situation is not known.

Ver. 10. Devour. It seems animated, and eager to slay the victim. Ezec. xxxix. 17.

Ver. 11. Of Egypt; or ye Egyptians, who have been wounded. The balm (H.) or resina of Galaad was then very famous. Gen. xxxvii. 25. C. — Egypt thought itself invulnerable, and is derided. Its cures was hopeless. v. 16. W.

Ver. 13. Egypt, under Apries, about thirty-five years after the former expedition. C. xliv. 30. Ezec. xxix. and xxxi. This country was invaded the last. v. 14.

Ver. 15. Men. Lit. “man.” Heb. abir, (H.) where Apis has been perhaps formed. C. — Sept. “Why has Apis (Comp. omits this word) fled from thee? thy calf, thy chosen one has not remained.” H. — He derides the chief idol of Egypt; or he alludes to those who fell at Charcamis, or rather who fled after they had come out to assist Sedecias. C. xxxvii. 5. Ezec. xxx. 21.

Ver. 16. Dove. Heb. also, “of the destroyer.” Sept. “Greeks,” or Ionians. C. — See C. xxv. 35. Ch. — Nebuchodonosor came with expedition, or had a dove on his standards. M.

Ver. 17. Pharao. Sept. add, “Nechao.” But Apries seems rather to be meant. C. — A. Heb. shaon hehebir hamohed. Prot. “is but a noise, he hath passed the time appointed;” (H.) or, “the height which the crowd (or God, who raised) hath displaced.” C. — Sept. retain the original: but the middle word varies in their copies. H. — All the boasts of Pharao ended in smoke. He lost the proper opportunity, and caused his own kingdom to be laid waste. Syr. “the disturber, who deranges the times.” C.

Ver. 18. He, the destroyer; (v. 16.) or “it,” my word (H.) shall surely stand as long as the mountains, (C.) yea, longer than heaven and earth. H. — My decrees shall be put in execution in spite of the efforts of man. C.

Ver. 19. Furnish. Lit. “make thyself vessels of captivity,” or pack up what thou mayst want there. H. Ezec. xii. 3. and xxix. 11. — Many returned under Cyrus. v. 26.

Ver. 20. Goad her. Nabuchodonosor shall subdue the country.

Ver. 21. Hirelings. Apries had thirty thousand Carians, &c. who were defeated by Amasis. Herod. ii. 163.

Ver. 22. Brass. Sept. “hissing serpent;” lamenting in secret. Is. xxix. 4. — Wood. Battle-axes were then used. Great cities and monarchs shall fall. Zac. xi. 2. Ezec. xxxi. 3. C.

Ver. 23. Above, or “more than locusts,” (H.) which destroy all herbs where they light.

Ver. 25. Visit upon. That is, punish. — Alexandria. In the Heb. No; which was the ancient name of the city, to which Alexander gave afterwards the name of Alexandria; (Ch.) or this city was built near Rachotes, the harbour. “Ammon of No” was rather Diospolis, (Ezec. xxx. 14. Sept.) in the Delta, north of Busiris. Ammon was the chief god adored at No. Nah. iii. 8. Sept. Alex. “I will revenge myself on Ammon, her son, on Egypt, or Pharao, and on them.” H. — Ammon was of their invention, and for this the people were justly punished. It means also, “a multitude.” — Kings. C. xlii. 12. Apries was slain, (C. xliv. 33. C.) and his two successors perished miserably by sentence of Cambyses. Herod. iii. 14. and 16.

Ver. 26. Afterwards, forty years being expired (Ezec. xxix. 14.) from the time when Apries made his unsuccessful attack on Cyrene, and his subjects revolted.

Ver. 27. Off from all countries, (C.) particularly from Egypt; (H.) on occasion of which country’s deliverance, that of Jacob is foretold. C. — If God would bring the Egyptians back, much more would he deliver the Jews. W.

Ver. 28. Nations of Assyria, Chaldea, &c. C. xxx. 11. C.