King James Bible
with Catholic Commentary by George Leo Haydock

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Jeremiah 33

The restoration of the Jews. (1-13) The Messiah promised; happiness of his times. (14-26)

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The restoration of the Jews

1 Moreover the word of the LORD came unto Jeremiah the second time, while he was yet shut up in the court of the prison, saying,

2 Thus saith the LORD the maker thereof, the LORD that formed it, to establish it; the LORD is his name;

3 Call unto me, and I will answer thee, and show thee great and mighty things, which thou knowest not.

4 For thus saith the LORD, the God of Israel, concerning the houses of this city, and concerning the houses of the kings of Judah, which are thrown down by the mounts, and by the sword;

5 They come to fight with the Chaldeans, but it is to fill them with the dead bodies of men, whom I have slain in mine anger and in my fury, and for all whose wickedness I have hid my face from this city.

6 Behold, I will bring it health and cure, and I will cure them, and will reveal unto them the abundance of peace and truth.

7 And I will cause the captivity of Judah and the captivity of Israel to return, and will build them, as at the first.

8 And I will cleanse them from all their iniquity, whereby they have sinned against me; and I will pardon all their iniquities, whereby they have sinned, and whereby they have transgressed against me.

9 And it shall be to me a name of joy, a praise and an honour before all the nations of the earth, which shall hear all the good that I do unto them: and they shall fear and tremble for all the goodness and for all the prosperity that I procure unto it.

10 Thus saith the LORD; Again there shall be heard in this place, which ye say shall be desolate without man and without beast, even in the cities of Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem, that are desolate, without man, and without inhabitant, and without beast,

11 The voice of joy, and the voice of gladness, the voice of the bridegroom, and the voice of the bride, the voice of them that shall say, Praise the LORD of hosts: for the LORD is good; for his mercy endureth for ever: and of them that shall bring the sacrifice of praise into the house of the LORD. For I will cause to return the captivity of the land, as at the first, saith the LORD.

12 Thus saith the LORD of hosts; Again in this place, which is desolate without man and without beast, and in all the cities thereof, shall be an habitation of shepherds causing their flocks to lie down.

13 In the cities of the mountains, in the cities of the vale, and in the cities of the south, and in the land of Benjamin, and in the places about Jerusalem, and in the cities of Judah, shall the flocks pass again under the hands of him that telleth them, saith the LORD.

The Messiah promised; happiness of his times

14 Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will perform that good thing which I have promised unto the house of Israel and to the house of Judah.

15 In those days, and at that time, will I cause the Branch of righteousness to grow up unto David; and he shall execute judgment and righteousness in the land.

16 In those days shall Judah be saved, and Jerusalem shall dwell safely: and this is the name wherewith she shall be called, The LORD our righteousness.

17 For thus saith the LORD; David shall never want a man to sit upon the throne of the house of Israel;

18 Neither shall the priests the Levites want a man before me to offer burnt offerings, and to kindle meat offerings, and to do sacrifice continually.

19 And the word of the LORD came unto Jeremiah, saying,

20 Thus saith the LORD; If ye can break my covenant of the day, and my covenant of the night, and that there should not be day and night in their season;

21 Then may also my covenant be broken with David my servant, that he should not have a son to reign upon his throne; and with the Levites the priests, my ministers.

22 As the host of heaven cannot be numbered, neither the sand of the sea measured: so will I multiply the seed of David my servant, and the Levites that minister unto me.

23 Moreover the word of the LORD came to Jeremiah, saying,

24 Considerest thou not what this people have spoken, saying, The two families which the LORD hath chosen, he hath even cast them off? thus they have despised my people, that they should be no more a nation before them.

25 Thus saith the LORD; If my covenant be not with day and night, and if I have not appointed the ordinances of heaven and earth;

26 Then will I cast away the seed of Jacob and David my servant, so that I will not take any of his seed to be rulers over the seed of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob: for I will cause their captivity to return, and have mercy on them.

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G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 1. Time. Soon after the former. C. — He was comforted in prison by two visions, shewing that the Church should not perish for the sins of many. W.

Ver. 2. Thus. Heb. uses the fem. for the neuter. Sept. “forming the earth,” &c.

Ver. 3. Cry. The prophetic spirit was sometimes granted to earnest prayer. Dan. ix. 2. and x. 3.

Ver. 4. To. “Concerning the houses…and the sword of them,” who would not obey God, thus bringing on their own destruction.

Ver. 6. Their. The houses, wounds, or breaches. Heb. and Sept. C. — Peace. That is, the peace and welfare which they pray for. Ch. — I will teach them how to pray for a durable peace.

Ver. 8. Iniquity, by means of the captivity, which shall be a sort of baptism. C. xxxi. 29. C.

Ver. 9. And it. Jerusalem, as figure of the Church. M. — Fear, worship, and desist from persecuting God in his saints, (H.) whom he so highly favours.

Ver. 11. Vows. Promised victims of thanksgiving. C. — First, when they were settled in it under Josue. H.

Ver. 13. Mountains. C. xxxii. 44. — Numbereth them, they come into the fold. C. — Chal. “my people shall be instructed, and formed by the hand of the Messias.” Grabe supplies what follows to the end of the chap. H.

Ver. 15. Bud, or orient, Christ, (C.) of whom Zorobabel was a figure. Theodoret. All cannot be verified of the latter. v. 16. C. — The Jews themselves explain this of the Messias. Calov. — It evidently refer to him, as he was born of David, whose posterity should continue till Christ, the founder of an eternal kingdom. W.

Ver. 16. Him. Sept. Chal. &c. The Heb. has “her” Jerusalem, or the Church, which receives all its beauty from Christ. C. — See C. xxiii. 5. where all read him. H.

Ver. 17. David. This was verified in Christ, who is of the house of David; and whose kingdom in his Church shall have no end. Ch. — The tribe of Juda continued most eminent till his coming. But there was no king till Hyrcan, and he was of another tribe. The priests governed after Nehemias, till Herod was appointed by the Romans. This must therefore be explained of Christ’s eternal kingdom. Gen. xlix. C.

Ver. 18. Priests. This promise relates to the Christian priesthood; which shall also continue for ever: the functions of which (more especially the great sacrifice of the altar) are here expressed, by the name of holocausts, and other offerings of the law, which were so many figures of the Christian sacrifice. Ch. — The Levitical sacrifices have ceased for 17 centuries. But Christ will officiate by his ministers till the end of time. C. — S. Hypolitus and all the fathers agree that the blessed Eucharist is the complement of all the ancient sacrifices. W.

Ver. 21. Ministers. The promise in not conditional, but as unchangeable as the course of the seasons. C.

Ver. 24. Families of kings and priests, (Ch.) or the two kingdoms of Israel and Juda. The people complained that God had broken his word, (C.) so heretics assert that he has abandoned his Church for above 800 years. Providence watched in a particular manner over the families of Aaron and David, which enjoyed peculiar privileges, (H.) or blessings. W.