King James Bible
with Catholic Commentary by George Leo Haydock

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Jeremiah 30

Troubles which shall be before the restoration of Israel. (1-11) Encouragement to trust Divine promises. (12-17) The blessings under Christ, and the wrath on the wicked. (18-24)

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Troubles which shall be before the restoration of Israel

1 The word that came to Jeremiah from the LORD, saying,

2 Thus speaketh the LORD God of Israel, saying, Write thee all the words that I have spoken unto thee in a book.

3 For, lo, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will bring again the captivity of my people Israel and Judah, saith the LORD: and I will cause them to return to the land that I gave to their fathers, and they shall possess it.

4 And these are the words that the LORD spake concerning Israel and concerning Judah.

5 For thus saith the LORD; We have heard a voice of trembling, of fear, and not of peace.

6 Ask ye now, and see whether a man doth travail with child? wherefore do I see every man with his hands on his loins, as a woman in travail, and all faces are turned into paleness?

7 Alas! for that day is great, so that none is like it: it is even the time of Jacob’s trouble, but he shall be saved out of it.

8 For it shall come to pass in that day, saith the LORD of hosts, that I will break his yoke from off thy neck, and will burst thy bonds, and strangers shall no more serve themselves of him:

9 But they shall serve the LORD their God, and David their king, whom I will raise up unto them.

10 Therefore fear thou not, O my servant Jacob, saith the LORD; neither be dismayed, O Israel: for, lo, I will save thee from afar, and thy seed from the land of their captivity; and Jacob shall return, and shall be in rest, and be quiet, and none shall make him afraid.

11 For I am with thee, saith the LORD, to save thee: though I make a full end of all nations whither I have scattered thee, yet I will not make a full end of thee: but I will correct thee in measure, and will not leave thee altogether unpunished.

Encouragement to trust Divine promises

12 For thus saith the LORD, Thy bruise is incurable, and thy wound is grievous.

13 There is none to plead thy cause, that thou mayest be bound up: thou hast no healing medicines.

14 All thy lovers have forgotten thee; they seek thee not; for I have wounded thee with the wound of an enemy, with the chastisement of a cruel one, for the multitude of thine iniquity; because thy sins were increased.

15 Why criest thou for thine affliction? thy sorrow is incurable for the multitude of thine iniquity: because thy sins were increased, I have done these things unto thee.

16 Therefore all they that devour thee shall be devoured; and all thine adversaries, every one of them, shall go into captivity; and they that spoil thee shall be a spoil, and all that prey upon thee will I give for a prey.

17 For I will restore health unto thee, and I will heal thee of thy wounds, saith the LORD; because they called thee an Outcast, saying, This is Zion, whom no man seeketh after.

The blessings under Christ, and the wrath on the wicked

18 Thus saith the LORD; Behold, I will bring again the captivity of Jacob’s tents, and have mercy on his dwellingplaces; and the city shall be builded upon her own heap, and the palace shall remain after the manner thereof.

19 And out of them shall proceed thanksgiving and the voice of them that make merry: and I will multiply them, and they shall not be few; I will also glorify them, and they shall not be small.

20 Their children also shall be as aforetime, and their congregation shall be established before me, and I will punish all that oppress them.

21 And their nobles shall be of themselves, and their governor shall proceed from the midst of them; and I will cause him to draw near, and he shall approach unto me: for who is this that engaged his heart to approach unto me? saith the LORD.

22 And ye shall be my people, and I will be your God.

23 Behold, the whirlwind of the LORD goeth forth with fury, a continuing whirlwind: it shall fall with pain upon the head of the wicked.

24 The fierce anger of the LORD shall not return, until he hath done it, and until he have performed the intents of his heart: in the latter days ye shall consider it.

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G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 2. Book. This was spoken in the reign of Sedecias, for the people’s conviction. The prophet had received orders to write in the 4th year of Joakim. C. xxxvi. 1. C.

Ver. 3. Come. Some in S. Jerom explain this and the following chapter of the end of the world, when all shall confess Christ. Others refer them to the preaching of the gospel alone. E. T. — But the return from captivity is specified, as prefiguring that event. S. Thomas, &c. C. — It is probable that many of the ten tribes returned to Samaria. C. xxxi. Ezec. xxxiii. W.

Ver. 4. To Juda. All the race of Abraham are concerned. The kingdom was no longer divided.

Ver. 5. We. Jeremias is ordered to express the alarms of the captives, at the news of the destruction of Jerusalem, or rather of the Chaldee empire, by Cyrus. They were naturally afraid that they would also suffer.

Ver. 6. Bear. Lit. “beget,” generat. But it has here the former signification, (H.) pariat. Vat. — Yellow. The Babylonians are in great anxiety. C.

Ver. 7. Great, and terrible for this city, the outer walls of which shall be demolished, (Beros. C.) and all its glory perish. H. — Of it. Cyrus liberated the Jews. 1 Esd. i.

Ver. 8. Strangers. Idols. The people were not so prone to worship them. Yet the Jews were almost constantly subject to foreigners (C.) despectissima pars servientium, Macedonibus invalidis…sibi ipsis reges imposuere. Tacit. Hist. 5. — Christ granted a more perfect liberty to the faithful. Jo. viii. 33. C.

Ver. 9. David. That is, Christ, of the house of David. Ch. Ezec. xxxvii. 24. Osee iii. 5. — Grotius and some modern Jews, in opposition to their ancestors, (Chal. Kimchi, &c.) and to all Christians, would understand Zorobabel, though he was never possessed of the title or authority of king. C. — The prophecy may allude to him, but it is fulfilled only in Christ. Theodoret.

Ver. 11. Nations, which are now no more. Grabe supplies v. 10. 11. 15. and 22. H. — Judgment, like a father, (C.) though the chastisement may seem cruel. v. 14. H. — Heb. “with justice, but I will not deny thee for ever.” Chal. “utterly.” C. — Only the Church is preserved continually. All other kingdoms change. W.

Ver. 13. Up. There is none to judge thy cause, or to be thy physician. C.

Ver. 14. Lovers. Nations which had seduced thee to worship their idols. H. — Enemy. This judgment (v. 11.) was requisite. C.

Ver. 16. Prey. The Romans utterly overturned the Macedonian empire, (H.) as the former had done the Persian, and they the Chaldee monarchy, which has risen on the ruins of the Assyrian empire. But the Jews rise as it were from their ashes. C.

Ver. 17. Close. Sept. “remove the healing plaster from thy painful wound.” H.

Ver. 18. Temple. After 70 years, it was rebuilt. The Church was founded on a rock. W.

Ver. 19. Play, or laugh. C. — Prot. “make merry.” C. xxxi. 4. — Lessened. The Jews were as numerous in our Saviour’s time H. as ever they had been. C.

Ver. 21. Leader. Zorobabel, the figure (Theod.) of Christ, who is here meant. C. — He springs from Jacob. W. — The sceptre was not taken away till his coming. Gen. xlix. H. — Who. Cyrus alludes to this passage in his decree. 1 Esd. i. C. — The prediction is fully verified in Christians. S. Jer. — Christ is near to God, being one. Jo. xiv. W.

Ver. 23. Wicked, at Jerusalem, or rather the Chaldees; and the Jews, who crucified their Messias. S. Jer. &c. C.