King James Bible
with Catholic Commentary by George Leo Haydock

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Jeremiah 27

The neighbouring nations to be subdued. (1-11) Zedekiah is warned to yield. (12-18) The vessels of the temple to be carried to Babylon, but afterwards to be restored. (19-22)

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The neighbouring nations to be subdued

1 In the beginning of the reign of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah came this word unto Jeremiah from the LORD, saying,

2 Thus saith the LORD to me; Make thee bonds and yokes, and put them upon thy neck,

3 And send them to the king of Edom, and to the king of Moab, and to the king of the Ammonites, and to the king of Tyrus, and to the king of Zidon, by the hand of the messengers which come to Jerusalem unto Zedekiah king of Judah;

4 And command them to say unto their masters, Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Thus shall ye say unto your masters;

5 I have made the earth, the man and the beast that are upon the ground, by my great power and by my outstretched arm, and have given it unto whom it seemed meet unto me.

6 And now have I given all these lands into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon, my servant; and the beasts of the field have I given him also to serve him.

7 And all nations shall serve him, and his son, and his son’s son, until the very time of his land come: and then many nations and great kings shall serve themselves of him.

8 And it shall come to pass, that the nation and kingdom which will not serve the same Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon, and that will not put their neck under the yoke of the king of Babylon, that nation will I punish, saith the LORD, with the sword, and with the famine, and with the pestilence, until I have consumed them by his hand.

9 Therefore hearken not ye to your prophets, nor to your diviners, nor to your dreamers, nor to your enchanters, nor to your sorcerers, which speak unto you, saying, Ye shall not serve the king of Babylon:

10 For they prophesy a lie unto you, to remove you far from your land; and that I should drive you out, and ye should perish.

11 But the nations that bring their neck under the yoke of the king of Babylon, and serve him, those will I let remain still in their own land, saith the LORD; and they shall till it, and dwell therein.

Zedekiah is warned to yield

12 I spake also to Zedekiah king of Judah according to all these words, saying, Bring your necks under the yoke of the king of Babylon, and serve him and his people, and live.

13 Why will ye die, thou and thy people, by the sword, by the famine, and by the pestilence, as the LORD hath spoken against the nation that will not serve the king of Babylon?

14 Therefore hearken not unto the words of the prophets that speak unto you, saying, Ye shall not serve the king of Babylon: for they prophesy a lie unto you.

15 For I have not sent them, saith the LORD, yet they prophesy a lie in my name; that I might drive you out, and that ye might perish, ye, and the prophets that prophesy unto you.

16 Also I spake to the priests and to all this people, saying, Thus saith the LORD; Hearken not to the words of your prophets that prophesy unto you, saying, Behold, the vessels of the LORD’s house shall now shortly be brought again from Babylon: for they prophesy a lie unto you.

17 Hearken not unto them; serve the king of Babylon, and live: wherefore should this city be laid waste?

18 But if they be prophets, and if the word of the LORD be with them, let them now make intercession to the LORD of hosts, that the vessels which are left in the house of the LORD, and in the house of the king of Judah, and at Jerusalem, go not to Babylon.

The vessels of the temple to be carried to Babylon, but afterwards to be restored

19 For thus saith the LORD of hosts concerning the pillars, and concerning the sea, and concerning the bases, and concerning the residue of the vessels that remain in this city.

20 Which Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon took not, when he carried away captive Jeconiah the son of Jehoiakim king of Judah from Jerusalem to Babylon, and all the nobles of Judah and Jerusalem;

21 Yea, thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, concerning the vessels that remain in the house of the LORD, and in the house of the king of Judah and of Jerusalem;

22 They shall be carried to Babylon, and there shall they be until the day that I visit them, saith the LORD; then will I bring them up, and restore them to this place.

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G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 1. Joakim. This revelation was made to the prophet in the beginning of the reign of Joakim: but the bands were not sent, to the princes here named, before the reign of Sedecias. v. 3. Ch. — He wore them six or seven years. Vat. T. — But this is uncertain. Sept. omit this title. Syr. Arab. &c. read “Sedecias.” C. — As far as Juda may belong to the last chapter. S. Jerom includes the whole verse. H. — It seems to be rather a fresh prophecy, or the title may be spurious, like many in the Psalms. See C. xxvi. 1. and xxviii. 1. Is. xxi. 13.

Ver. 2. Chains. Heb. “a yoke and pole,” (C.) or piece of wood for the necks of slaves. S. Jer. — Thus would the servitude of these nations be clearly represented. H. — Bands and chains were proper signs, as they were used to bind captives. W.

Ver. 3. Edom. Thus he exercises the function of prophet among the nations. C. i. 5. These had come to compliment Sedecias, or rather to form a league.

Ver. 5. Eyes. God disposes of all princes, &c. His prophets speak boldly. C.

Ver. 6. Beasts. The property of those people, or the most barbarous nations. S. Jer. — Hangmen and executioners may in the same sense be styled God’s servants. W.

Ver. 7. His son; viz. Evilmerodach, and his son’s son, viz. Nabonydus, or Nabonadius, the Baltassar of Daniel, (chap. v.) and the last of the Chaldean kings. Ch. — Come. It will not be long before this rod is cast into the fire, the usual fate of those who execute God’s vengeance.

Ver. 9. Prophets, who deluded the Jews, as diviners did the Gentiles.

Ver. 10. To remove. Heb. “that I may,” &c. This will be the effect, though contrary to their intention.

Ver. 11. In it. None complied, and though the Idumeans, &c. joined the Chaldees against Juda, they were punished (C.) for their former league. v. 3. H.

Ver. 16. Time. Hananias specified two years, (C. xxviii. 3.) which proved false. Some “silver vessels,” (Bar. i. 8.) and not those of gold, it seems, (C.) or not all, (H.) were restored at the request of Saraias. C. li. 59.

Ver. 18. Hosts. If they prevail, account me a false prophet. C. — The things taken shall not be soon restored; but more shall be conveyed away. W.

Ver. 19. To thee. Hebrew also, “concerning,” as v. 21. (H.) though (C.) inanimate things are often spoken to. S. Jer.