King James Bible
with Catholic Commentary by George Leo Haydock

Jeremiah > Old Testament > Home

Jeremiah 25

The Jews rebuked for not obeying calls to repentance. (1-7) Their captivity during seventy years is expressly foretold. (8-14) Desolations upon the nations shown by the emblem of a cup of wrath. (15-29) The judgments again declared. (30-38)

Jeremiah 25 Audio:

Audio clip: Adobe Flash Player (version 9 or above) is required to play this audio clip. Download the latest version here. You also need to have JavaScript enabled in your browser.

The Jews rebuked for not obeying calls to repentance

1 The word that came to Jeremiah concerning all the people of Judah in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah, that was the first year of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon;

2 The which Jeremiah the prophet spake unto all the people of Judah, and to all the inhabitants of Jerusalem, saying,

3 From the thirteenth year of Josiah the son of Amon king of Judah, even unto this day, that is the three and twentieth year, the word of the LORD hath come unto me, and I have spoken unto you, rising early and speaking; but ye have not hearkened.

4 And the LORD hath sent unto you all his servants the prophets, rising early and sending them; but ye have not hearkened, nor inclined your ear to hear.

5 They said, Turn ye again now every one from his evil way, and from the evil of your doings, and dwell in the land that the LORD hath given unto you and to your fathers for ever and ever:

6 And go not after other gods to serve them, and to worship them, and provoke me not to anger with the works of your hands; and I will do you no hurt.

7 Yet ye have not hearkened unto me, saith the LORD; that ye might provoke me to anger with the works of your hands to your own hurt.

Their captivity during seventy years is expressly foretold

8 Therefore thus saith the LORD of hosts; Because ye have not heard my words,

9 Behold, I will send and take all the families of the north, saith the LORD, and Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon, my servant, and will bring them against this land, and against the inhabitants thereof, and against all these nations round about, and will utterly destroy them, and make them an astonishment, and an hissing, and perpetual desolations.

10 Moreover I will take from them the voice of mirth, and the voice of gladness, the voice of the bridegroom, and the voice of the bride, the sound of the millstones, and the light of the candle.

11 And this whole land shall be a desolation, and an astonishment; and these nations shall serve the king of Babylon seventy years.

12 And it shall come to pass, when seventy years are accomplished, that I will punish the king of Babylon, and that nation, saith the LORD, for their iniquity, and the land of the Chaldeans, and will make it perpetual desolations.

13 And I will bring upon that land all my words which I have pronounced against it, even all that is written in this book, which Jeremiah hath prophesied against all the nations.

14 For many nations and great kings shall serve themselves of them also: and I will recompense them according to their deeds, and according to the works of their own hands.

Desolations upon the nations shown by the emblem of a cup of wrath

15 For thus saith the LORD God of Israel unto me; Take the wine cup of this fury at my hand, and cause all the nations, to whom I send thee, to drink it.

16 And they shall drink, and be moved, and be mad, because of the sword that I will send among them.

17 Then took I the cup at the LORD’s hand, and made all the nations to drink, unto whom the LORD had sent me:

18 To wit, Jerusalem, and the cities of Judah, and the kings thereof, and the princes thereof, to make them a desolation, an astonishment, an hissing, and a curse; as it is this day;

19 Pharaoh king of Egypt, and his servants, and his princes, and all his people;

20 And all the mingled people, and all the kings of the land of Uz, and all the kings of the land of the Philistines, and Ashkelon, and Azzah, and Ekron, and the remnant of Ashdod,

21 Edom, and Moab, and the children of Ammon,

22 And all the kings of Tyrus, and all the kings of Zidon, and the kings of the isles which are beyond the sea,

23 Dedan, and Tema, and Buz, and all that are in the utmost corners,

24 And all the kings of Arabia, and all the kings of the mingled people that dwell in the desert,

25 And all the kings of Zimri, and all the kings of Elam, and all the kings of the Medes,

26 And all the kings of the north, far and near, one with another, and all the kingdoms of the world, which are upon the face of the earth: and the king of Sheshach shall drink after them.

27 Therefore thou shalt say unto them, Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Drink ye, and be drunken, and spue, and fall, and rise no more, because of the sword which I will send among you.

28 And it shall be, if they refuse to take the cup at thine hand to drink, then shalt thou say unto them, Thus saith the LORD of hosts; Ye shall certainly drink.

29 For, lo, I begin to bring evil on the city which is called by my name, and should ye be utterly unpunished? Ye shall not be unpunished: for I will call for a sword upon all the inhabitants of the earth, saith the LORD of hosts.

The judgments again declared

30 Therefore prophesy thou against them all these words, and say unto them, The LORD shall roar from on high, and utter his voice from his holy habitation; he shall mightily roar upon his habitation; he shall give a shout, as they that tread the grapes, against all the inhabitants of the earth.

31 A noise shall come even to the ends of the earth; for the LORD hath a controversy with the nations, he will plead with all flesh; he will give them that are wicked to the sword, saith the LORD.

32 Thus saith the LORD of hosts, Behold, evil shall go forth from nation to nation, and a great whirlwind shall be raised up from the coasts of the earth.

33 And the slain of the LORD shall be at that day from one end of the earth even unto the other end of the earth: they shall not be lamented, neither gathered, nor buried; they shall be dung upon the ground.

34 Howl, ye shepherds, and cry; and wallow yourselves in the ashes, ye principal of the flock: for the days of your slaughter and of your dispersions are accomplished; and ye shall fall like a pleasant vessel.

35 And the shepherds shall have no way to flee, nor the principal of the flock to escape.

36 A voice of the cry of the shepherds, and an howling of the principal of the flock, shall be heard: for the LORD hath spoiled their pasture.

37 And the peaceable habitations are cut down because of the fierce anger of the LORD.

38 He hath forsaken his covert, as the lion: for their land is desolate because of the fierceness of the oppressor, and because of his fierce anger.

« »

G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 1. Babylon, when he was associated by Nabopolassar, three years before his death, A. 3397. This year Joakim was taken to be conducted to Babylon, though he was afterwards permitted to remain on very hard conditions, while the sacred vessels, Daniel, &c. were taken away, and the 70 years of captivity commenced. They ended in the first of Cyrus, A. 3468. Usher — This chap. should be placed before the 24th and after the 26th. C. — The prophets did not observe the order of time. C. xxi. W.

Ver. 3. Josias. He prophesied nineteen years under him, and three under his successors.

Ver. 4. All. We know of Joel, Habacuc, Sophonias, and Holda. C.

Ver. 9. My servant. So this wicked king is here called; because God made him his instrument in punishing the sins of his people. Ch. W. — He thought himself more than man, but he was only the rod destined for the fire.

Ver. 10. Sound, or songs of women turning the mill. Mat. xxiv. 41. C. — Lamp, or illuminations, on account of some victory, (H.) or festival. Pers. v. 180. The Jews “light a lamp for the sabbaths,” (Sen. Ep. xcv.) before they commence. H.

Ver. 11. Years. Ver. 1. The neighbouring nations were also involved in this calamity, and were to be sent back by Cyrus. C. — Another period of 70 years is specified, (C. xxix. 10.) during which the city and temple should remain in ruins, till the second of Hystaspes, A. 3485. Usher — This system is not without difficulties. The present prediction seems rather to refer to the desolation, (Vatab. Agg. i. 2.) as appears from Zac. i. 12. or the prophet speaks of the same event in both places, dating from the year preceding the capture of Jerusalem, (A. 3415), till Darius gave entire liberty to the Jews, A. 3485. We differ from Usher in the years allotted to Cyrus, who began to restore the Jews. 1 Esd. i. 5. C. — These 70 years are dated from the 11th of Sedecias. W.

Ver. 12. Punish. Literally, visit upon. Ch. — Cyrus overturned the monarchy, and the city was ruined by degrees. Is. xiii. and xiv. and xxi. 1. Ezek. i. 5. C.

Ver. 14. Kings. They perfidiously joined the Chaldees, after making a league with Sedecias. C. xxvii. 3. This is condemned, (C.) and not precisely their submitting to Nabuchodonosor. C. xxviii. 8. Their league with Juda was indeed wrong; but the infringement of it was another crime. Sept. is here much transposed almost to the end. See Grabe. H. — Jeremias had prophesied against the nations, though his words are given. C. xlvi. &c.

Ver. 15. Fury. Chastisement. Is. li. 17. — All, who might be then at Jerusalem. Sanctius thinks Jeremias travelled into all these countries: most believe it was only done in vision. He might write to them. C. — The cup metaphorically denotes God’s wrath. Ps. lxxiv. 9. W.

Ver. 18. As, &c. He probably inserted this (H.) after the event, (Vat.) or the country was much distressed even under Sedecias.

Ver. 19. Pharao, who was defeated (Ezec. xxx. 25.) coming to assist Juda, (C. xxxvii.) and again plundered after the taking of Tyre. Ezec. xxix. 18.

Ver. 20. In. Heb. “the mixed multitude,” (Ex. xii. 38. C.) or “Arabs.” Grot. — Ausitis, near Palmyra. Job i. 1. — Azorus, taken by the Egyptians, and afterwards by the Chaldees. C. xlvii. 2.

Ver. 21. Ammon. The details are given in C. xlviii. and xlix. Ezec. xxv. to xxxiv. Abdias and Sophonias.

Ver. 22. Kings. Ithobaal (Jos. Ant. x. 11.) had many governors under him. Nabuchodonosor besieged Tyre for 13 years. Ezec. xxvi. &c. — Sea, or Gibraltar. See Jos. sup. v. 22. H. — He had navies on the Mediterranean. Ezec. xxx. 9.

Ver. 23. Buz. Scenite Arabs, who cut off the hair of the eyebrows. C. ix. 26. These Saracens left the hair below the ears long, as the Polonians and Hungarians do. W.

Ver. 25-26. Zambri, sprung from Cethura, and dwelling in Arabia, (C.) or Persia, (S. Jer.) where Pliny (vi. 28.) places the Zamarenians. — Elam. Persians, (H.) by the sword of Alexander, (S. Jer.) or Cyrus subdued those who were subject to the Medes, and united the two nations. — North. Armenia, &c. subdued by Cyrus and by Alexander. — Brother. When Cyrus stood up for the Persians. All shall drink, as at a feast, (C.) of this bitter wine. — Face, and forming the empire of Babylon. H. — Sesac. That is Babel, or Babylon; which after bringing all these people under her yoke, should quickly fall and be destroyed herself. Ch. — The Chaldees are not expressed, to avoid their resentment. The sh in sheshac, is at the same distance from the end as b in Babel is from the beginning of the alphabet. See S. Jer. H. 2 Tim. iv. 17. — Yet they are not elsewhere spared. C. xlix. &c. Sesac was probably the idol, “anais or the moon.” C. — The Sacean feasts were very dissolute, like the saturnalia at Rome. Dio. Chrys. iv. Strabo xi. C. — Cyrus took Babylon after he had conquered the rest of Asia, and then seizing Nabonides at Borsippe, which was sacred to Anais, “the moon,” (C.) or Diana, (Strabo xv.) suffered him to die in peace. Berosus in Jos. c. Ap. 1. — Thus fell the king of Sesac, an idol worshipped both at Borsippe and at Babylon.

Ver. 29. City. Jerusalem first fell a prey.

Ver. 30. Beauty. The temple, which was like the palace (C.) of the great king. H. — Grapes. Great feasting was then customary. The soldiers rushing to battle, “answer” the Lord. Sept. C. — People encouraged one another by songs under the labour of the vine-press, as those in distress must do. W.

Ver. 31. Flesh. He will justify his conduct, particularly at the last day.

Ver. 32. To nation. Jerusalem, Tyre, Syria, desert Arabia, Ammon, Idumea, and Egypt, shall fall one after another. Thus Cyrus will attack the Medes, Asia, and Babylon.

Ver. 34. Leaders. Sept. “rams.” He addresses the princes. — Vessels. Sept. “chosen rams,” fattened for slaughter.

Ver. 37. Silent. The places where you fed your flocks so delightfully, are laid waste.

Ver. 38. The dove. This is commonly understood of Nabuchodonosor, whose military standard, they say, was a dove. But the Hebrew word Jonah, which is here rendered a dove, may also signify a waster or oppressor, which name better agrees to that unmerciful prince; or by comparison, as a dove’s flight is the swiftest, so would their destruction come upon them. Ch. — Sept. “waste or impassible before the great sword. C. iv. 7. H. — While God, like a lion, protected his people, none durst invade them. M. — What is said respecting the Babylonian standards is very dubious, (Grot. C.) as the same expression is applied to the Persians, (C. l. 16. M.) though it may there also be understood of the Chaldees. H. — God is like a dove, yet terrible. W.