King James Bible
with Catholic Commentary by George Leo Haydock

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Jeremiah 22

Justice is recommended, and destruction threatened in case of disobedience. (1-9) The captivity of Jehoiakim, and the end of Jeconiah. (10-19) The doom of the royal family. (20-30)

Jeremiah 22 Audio:

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Justice is recommended, and destruction threatened in case of disobedience

1 Thus saith the LORD; Go down to the house of the king of Judah, and speak there this word,

2 And say, Hear the word of the LORD, O king of Judah, that sittest upon the throne of David, thou, and thy servants, and thy people that enter in by these gates:

3 Thus saith the LORD; Execute ye judgment and righteousness, and deliver the spoiled out of the hand of the oppressor: and do no wrong, do no violence to the stranger, the fatherless, nor the widow, neither shed innocent blood in this place.

4 For if ye do this thing indeed, then shall there enter in by the gates of this house kings sitting upon the throne of David, riding in chariots and on horses, he, and his servants, and his people.

5 But if ye will not hear these words, I swear by myself, saith the LORD, that this house shall become a desolation.

6 For thus saith the LORD unto the king’s house of Judah; Thou art Gilead unto me, and the head of Lebanon: yet surely I will make thee a wilderness, and cities which are not inhabited.

7 And I will prepare destroyers against thee, every one with his weapons: and they shall cut down thy choice cedars, and cast them into the fire.

8 And many nations shall pass by this city, and they shall say every man to his neighbour, Wherefore hath the LORD done thus unto this great city?

9 Then they shall answer, Because they have forsaken the covenant of the LORD their God, and worshipped other gods, and served them.

The captivity of Jehoiakim, and the end of Jeconiah

10 Weep ye not for the dead, neither bemoan him: but weep sore for him that goeth away: for he shall return no more, nor see his native country.

11 For thus saith the LORD touching Shallum the son of Josiah king of Judah, which reigned instead of Josiah his father, which went forth out of this place; He shall not return thither any more:

12 But he shall die in the place whither they have led him captive, and shall see this land no more.

13 Woe unto him that buildeth his house by unrighteousness, and his chambers by wrong; that useth his neighbour’s service without wages, and giveth him not for his work;

14 That saith, I will build me a wide house and large chambers, and cutteth him out windows; and it is cieled with cedar, and painted with vermilion.

15 Shalt thou reign, because thou closest thyself in cedar? did not thy father eat and drink, and do judgment and justice, and then it was well with him?

16 He judged the cause of the poor and needy; then it was well with him: was not this to know me? saith the LORD.

17 But thine eyes and thine heart are not but for thy covetousness, and for to shed innocent blood, and for oppression, and for violence, to do it.

18 Therefore thus saith the LORD concerning Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah; They shall not lament for him, saying, Ah my brother! or, Ah sister! they shall not lament for him, saying, Ah lord! or, Ah his glory!

19 He shall be buried with the burial of an ass, drawn and cast forth beyond the gates of Jerusalem.

The doom of the royal family

20 Go up to Lebanon, and cry; and lift up thy voice in Bashan, and cry from the passages: for all thy lovers are destroyed.

21 I spake unto thee in thy prosperity; but thou saidst, I will not hear. This hath been thy manner from thy youth, that thou obeyedst not my voice.

22 The wind shall eat up all thy pastors, and thy lovers shall go into captivity: surely then shalt thou be ashamed and confounded for all thy wickedness.

23 O inhabitant of Lebanon, that makest thy nest in the cedars, how gracious shalt thou be when pangs come upon thee, the pain as of a woman in travail!

24 As I live, saith the LORD, though Coniah the son of Jehoiakim king of Judah were the signet upon my right hand, yet would I pluck thee thence;

25 And I will give thee into the hand of them that seek thy life, and into the hand of them whose face thou fearest, even into the hand of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon, and into the hand of the Chaldeans.

26 And I will cast thee out, and thy mother that bare thee, into another country, where ye were not born; and there shall ye die.

27 But to the land whereunto they desire to return, thither shall they not return.

28 Is this man Coniah a despised broken idol? is he a vessel wherein is no pleasure? wherefore are they cast out, he and his seed, and are cast into a land which they know not?

29 O earth, earth, earth, hear the word of the LORD.

30 Thus saith the LORD, Write ye this man childless, a man that shall not prosper in his days: for no man of his seed shall prosper, sitting upon the throne of David, and ruling any more in Judah.

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G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 1. Go. The contents of this chapter are of a more ancient date than those of the foregoing chapter; for the order of time is not always observed in the writings of the prophets. Ch. W. — King Joakim, who succeeded Sellum, A. 3394. Usher.

Ver. 5. Myself, having none greater. Heb. vi. 13. Oaths evince the insincerity of men, who distrust each other; but when God condescends to use them, it shews men’s incredulity. — House, the temple, or rather the palace, where the king was sitting at the gate, v. 2. C.

Ver. 6. Galaad, the head of Libanus. By Galaad, a rich and fruitful country, is here signified the royal palace of the kings of the house of David; by Libanus, a high mountain abounding in cedar-trees, the populous city of Jerusalem. Ch. W. Theodor. — Both mountains are connected. S. Jer. Strabo xvi. — Yet the proper Galaad was at some distance, and on the side of Ammon very barren. The palaces had arisen from a miserable state to resemble Libanus. They shall surely be destroyed. C. — The advantageous situation of Jerusalem should not protect it, no more than it had done Galaad. 4 K. xv. 29. Jun. Grot.

Ver. 7. Prepare. Lit. sanctify; (Ch.) as various religious ceremonies were used before the declaration of war, and to know what would be the success. C. — The Chaldees were destined to execute God’s decrees. S. Jer. — Cedars; fine buildings, (v. 14. C.) and chiefs. H.

Ver. 10. Dead. He means the good king Josias, who by death was taken away, so as not to see the miseries of his country. — Away. Sellum, alias Joschaz, who was carried captive to Egypt. Ch. v. 12. and 4 K. xxiii. 33. C. — He was the fourth son of Josias, (1 Par. iii. 15.) and had probably the title of king after the death of Sedecias. W.

Ver. 13. Friend. Joakim forced his subjects to work for him for nothing.

Ver. 14. Wide. Heb. “measured;” large, and well-proportioned. — Vermilion, (cynopide.) This colour was invented in the town of Pontus, and was used for statues, &c. Pliny xxxiii. 6. and xxxv. 6. Wisd. xiii. 14. C. — Heb. shashar (H.) may mean indigo. Jun. C.

Ver. 15. Cedar; Josias. C. — Shall thy magnificent palaces secure thy empire? H. — Him. Obey the Lord, in like manner, that thou mayst prosper.

Ver. 18. Sister. They shall not condole with his consort.

Ver. 19. Jerusalem. C. xxxvi. 30. He died indeed with or like his fathers. 4 K. xxiv. 6. But it is not said that he was buried. S. Jer. — The Chaldees designed to send him to Babylon, (2 Par. xxxvi. 6.) but slew him on the road, (Usher, A. 3405) or treated his corpse ignominiously after his arrival. Grot.

Ver. 20. Go; Jerusalem. The verbs are feminine. — Lovers; citizens, or Egyptians, &c. C. xxvii. 2.

Ver. 22. Pastors, or princes, whose expectations of aid will be frustrated. Osee xii. 1. Chal. “Thy leaders shall be scattered to all the winds.”

Ver. 24. Jechonias: Joachin, (4 K. xxiv. 6. W.) or Chenias, who did not take warning by his predecessor’s misfortune. — Ring, or seal, if he were most dear to me, the prime minister of the greatest monarch. Agg. ii. 24. C. — Alexander gave his ring to Perdiccas, designating him his successor, or regent. Curt. x.

Ver. 26. Mother; Nohesta, (4 K. xxiv. 8.) who perverted, (C.) or did not correct him in his youth. H.

Ver. 27. Mind; ardently desiring and expecting to be liberated. C.

Ver. 28. Jechonias. Prot. “Koniah, a despised broken idol? is he,” &c. Sept. Alex. “Jechonias has been dishonoured as a vessel, or which there is no need, for he hath been snatched and cast,” &c. H.

Ver. 30. Write this man barren. That is childless: not that he had no children, but that his children should never sit on the throne of Juda. Ch. v. 28. Mat. i. 12. Ezec. xvii. 24. Zorobabel was of his seed, yet he never obtained the title or sovereign power of a king. The Machabees were of a different family. S. Jer. — Joachin, or Jechonias, was restored indeed to some favour, (4 K. xxv. 27.) but not to the kingdom, no more than any of his posterity, till Christ. W.