King James Bible
with Catholic Commentary by George Leo Haydock

Jeremiah > Old Testament > Home

Jeremiah 21

The only way of deliverance is to be surrendering to the Babylonians. (1-10) The wickedness of the king and his household. (11-14)

Jeremiah 21 Audio:

Audio clip: Adobe Flash Player (version 9 or above) is required to play this audio clip. Download the latest version here. You also need to have JavaScript enabled in your browser.

The only way of deliverance is to be surrendering to the Babylonians

1 The word which came unto Jeremiah from the LORD, when king Zedekiah sent unto him Pashur the son of Melchiah, and Zephaniah the son of Maaseiah the priest, saying,

2 Enquire, I pray thee, of the LORD for us; for Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon maketh war against us; if so be that the LORD will deal with us according to all his wondrous works, that he may go up from us.

3 Then said Jeremiah unto them, Thus shall ye say to Zedekiah:

4 Thus saith the LORD God of Israel; Behold, I will turn back the weapons of war that are in your hands, wherewith ye fight against the king of Babylon, and against the Chaldeans, which besiege you without the walls, and I will assemble them into the midst of this city.

5 And I myself will fight against you with an outstretched hand and with a strong arm, even in anger, and in fury, and in great wrath.

6 And I will smite the inhabitants of this city, both man and beast: they shall die of a great pestilence.

7 And afterward, saith the LORD, I will deliver Zedekiah king of Judah, and his servants, and the people, and such as are left in this city from the pestilence, from the sword, and from the famine, into the hand of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon, and into the hand of their enemies, and into the hand of those that seek their life: and he shall smite them with the edge of the sword; he shall not spare them, neither have pity, nor have mercy.

8 And unto this people thou shalt say, Thus saith the LORD; Behold, I set before you the way of life, and the way of death.

9 He that abideth in this city shall die by the sword, and by the famine, and by the pestilence: but he that goeth out, and falleth to the Chaldeans that besiege you, he shall live, and his life shall be unto him for a prey.

10 For I have set my face against this city for evil, and not for good, saith the LORD: it shall be given into the hand of the king of Babylon, and he shall burn it with fire.

The wickedness of the king and his household

11 And touching the house of the king of Judah, say, Hear ye the word of the LORD;

12 O house of David, thus saith the LORD; Execute judgment in the morning, and deliver him that is spoiled out of the hand of the oppressor, lest my fury go out like fire, and burn that none can quench it, because of the evil of your doings.

13 Behold, I am against thee, O inhabitant of the valley, and rock of the plain, saith the LORD; which say, Who shall come down against us? or who shall enter into our habitations?

14 But I will punish you according to the fruit of your doings, saith the LORD: and I will kindle a fire in the forest thereof, and it shall devour all things round about it.

« »

G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 1. Sent, after Nabuchodonosor had returned from Egypt. A. 3415. This consultation should be placed after C. xxxvii. C. — Phassur, specified above, and C. xxxviii. 1. (C.) or a different person. S. Jer. Pisc. — Sophonias, the second priest, (C. xxxvii. 3. and lii. 24.) of the 24th class, (1 Par. xxiv. 18.) who was slain at Reblatha. C. — Jeremias threatens the great ones to C. xxix. and is persecuted. He spoke this when Nabuchodonosor invaded the country. W.

Ver. 4. City. The people shall turn their arms against each other; or rather the Chaldees shall use their weapons to destroy them. C.

Ver. 6. Pestilence. Sept. “death;” the sword, and various diseases. H.

Ver. 7. To them. This was verified, C. lii. and 4 K. xxiv.

Ver. 8. Death; the former if they submit, the latter if they fight, v. 9. C. — God’s grace is ever ready, that sinners may be converted. W.

Ver. 9. Spoil. He shall be happy to escape naked. C. xxxviii. 3. C.

Ver. 13. Valley. He speaks to Jerusalem, confiding in the strength of her situation, upon rocks, surrounded with a deep valley. Ch. — Lit. “valley, solid and in a plain.” H. — Isaias (xxii. 1.) styles it ironically, “the valley of vision.” C. — Jerusalem was situated on many rocks. Jos. Bel. vi. 6.

Ver. 14. Doings. Heb. “studies.” So “Your studious pursuits” occurs, v. 12, in many Heb. MSS. though the printed copy have, “their;” and “spoiled” for apprised. Kennicott. — Forest, the temple, which is called Libanus, (Zac. xi. 21.) and the houses built of cedar-wood, (4 K. xxv. 9. C.) particularly the royal palace of the forest. 3 K. vii. H.