King James Bible
with Catholic Commentary by George Leo Haydock

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Jeremiah 11

The disobedient Jews reproved. (1-10) Their utter ruin. (11-17) The people would be destroyed who sought the prophet’s life. (18-23)

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The disobedient Jews reproved

1 The word that came to Jeremiah from the LORD saying,

2 Hear ye the words of this covenant, and speak unto the men of Judah, and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem;

3 And say thou unto them, Thus saith the LORD God of Israel; Cursed be the man that obeyeth not the words of this covenant,

4 Which I commanded your fathers in the day that I brought them forth out of the land of Egypt, from the iron furnace, saying, Obey my voice, and do them, according to all which I command you: so shall ye be my people, and I will be your God:

5 That I may perform the oath which I have sworn unto your fathers, to give them a land flowing with milk and honey, as it is this day. Then answered I, and said, So be it, O LORD.

6 Then the LORD said unto me, Proclaim all these words in the cities of Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem, saying, Hear ye the words of this covenant, and do them.

7 For I earnestly protested unto your fathers in the day that I brought them up out of the land of Egypt, even unto this day, rising early and protesting, saying, Obey my voice.

8 Yet they obeyed not, nor inclined their ear, but walked every one in the imagination of their evil heart: therefore I will bring upon them all the words of this covenant, which I commanded them to do: but they did them not.

9 And the LORD said unto me, A conspiracy is found among the men of Judah, and among the inhabitants of Jerusalem.

10 They are turned back to the iniquities of their forefathers, which refused to hear my words; and they went after other gods to serve them: the house of Israel and the house of Judah have broken my covenant which I made with their fathers.

Their utter ruin

11 Therefore thus saith the LORD, Behold, I will bring evil upon them, which they shall not be able to escape; and though they shall cry unto me, I will not hearken unto them.

12 Then shall the cities of Judah and inhabitants of Jerusalem go, and cry unto the gods unto whom they offer incense: but they shall not save them at all in the time of their trouble.

13 For according to the number of thy cities were thy gods, O Judah; and according to the number of the streets of Jerusalem have ye set up altars to that shameful thing, even altars to burn incense unto Baal.

14 Therefore pray not thou for this people, neither lift up a cry or prayer for them: for I will not hear them in the time that they cry unto me for their trouble.

15 What hath my beloved to do in mine house, seeing she hath wrought lewdness with many, and the holy flesh is passed from thee? when thou doest evil, then thou rejoicest.

16 The LORD called thy name, A green olive tree, fair, and of goodly fruit: with the noise of a great tumult he hath kindled fire upon it, and the branches of it are broken.

17 For the LORD of hosts, that planted thee, hath pronounced evil against thee, for the evil of the house of Israel and of the house of Judah, which they have done against themselves to provoke me to anger in offering incense unto Baal.

The people would be destroyed who sought the prophet’s life

18 And the LORD hath given me knowledge of it, and I know it: then thou shewedst me their doings.

19 But I was like a lamb or an ox that is brought to the slaughter; and I knew not that they had devised devices against me, saying, Let us destroy the tree with the fruit thereof, and let us cut him off from the land of the living, that his name may be no more remembered.

20 But, O LORD of hosts, that judgest righteously, that triest the reins and the heart, let me see thy vengeance on them: for unto thee have I revealed my cause.

21 Therefore thus saith the LORD of the men of Anathoth, that seek thy life, saying, Prophesy not in the name of the LORD, that thou die not by our hand:

22 Therefore thus saith the LORD of hosts, Behold, I will punish them: the young men shall die by the sword; their sons and their daughters shall die by famine:

23 And there shall be no remnant of them: for I will bring evil upon the men of Anathoth, even the year of their visitation.

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G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 1. The, &c. He continues his discourse, (v. 15.) or rather addresses the people, when Josias renewed the covenant. 2 Par. xxxiv. 29. Lev. xxvi. Deut. xxvii. C.

Ver. 4. Fathers. God chooses his people for obedience, not for kindred, &c. S. Jer. W.

Ver. 5. Amen. Sept. “So be it.” H. — Thou hast fulfilled thy engagements.

Ver. 6. Cities, or to those who come thence to the temple, that all may know.

Ver. 7. For. This and the next verse have not been read by Sept.; (C.) but only “and they did not comply.” Grabe supplies the rest. H.

Ver. 8. Brought; or “will bring,” seems preferable. What does the history of God’s people till the captivity exhibit, but scenes of disorder and of succeeding misery? C.

Ver. 9. Conspiracy. They are leagued together to do evil, with all earnestness. S. Jer.

Ver. 10. To them, for a long time. Yet they must not despair, or have recourse to idols, (v. 12.) or witches. 1 K. xxviii.

Ver. 13. Confusion. Thus he contemptuously denotes Baalim. C. iii. 24. C. — Various idols were objects of adoration, (H.) so that no city or street, perhaps not any house, was pure. C. vii. 18. and xliv. 17. Is. lxv. 11. Ezec. xvi. 25.

Ver. 15. Beloved, dilectus. Heb. and Sept. have the fem. Chal. “people.” They presumptuously thought that they would be freed from all their abominations, by partaking of the sacrifices. C. — But the offerings of such are not accepted. M. — The flesh is holy, but is of no service to the obstinate sinner. W.

Ver. 16. Burnt, by lightning. The olive was a most useful and beautiful tree.

Ver. 18. Shewedst me. He insinuates that something more than what appears must be understood. Theod. — All Christians explain what follows of Jesus Christ, (S. Jer. W.) whom Jeremias prefigured in his sufferings. C. — “Let us follow the rule which shews that all the prophets did most things for a type of our Lord and Saviour; and what was now done by Jeremias, foreshewed what would happen to our Lord.” S. Jer.

Ver. 19. Meek: pet lamb. The Arabs still keep one in their houses. 2 K. xii. 3. Bochart ii. 46. C. — Knew. I acted as if I had been ignorant. M. — Yet Christ foretold his sufferings. Mat. xx. 18. &c. W. — Bread. Christ, the bread of life, was nailed to the disgraceful wood. S. Jer. S. Greg. Mor. iii. 12. — They threaten to beat him, (De Dieu) or to mix a poisonous wood with his food. C. M. — Some Jews had corrupted this text in S. Justin’s time. D.

Ver. 20. Sabaoth. That is, of hosts or armies; a name frequently given to God, in the Scriptures. — Thy revenge. This was rather a prediction of what was to happen, with an approbation of the divine justice, than an imprecation. Ch. — He speaks of the impenitent, (S. Jer.) and wishes they may be converted.

Ver. 21. Life. What precedes, was spoken concerning the prophet, though it regarded Christ also in a proper but more elevated sense. C.

Ver. 23. Remains. All these priests shall perish. Ps. xxxvi. 28. H. — He speaks of the wicked, as a remnant was still left. C. iv. Is. x. W.