King James Bible
with Catholic Commentary by George Leo Haydock

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Isaiah 50

The rejection of the Jews. (1-3) The sufferings and exaltation of the Messiah. (4-9) Consolation to the believer, and warning to the unbeliever. (10,11)

Isaiah 50 Audio:

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The rejection of the Jews

1 Thus saith the LORD, Where is the bill of your mother’s divorcement, whom I have put away? or which of my creditors is it to whom I have sold you? Behold, for your iniquities have ye sold yourselves, and for your transgressions is your mother put away.

2 Wherefore, when I came, was there no man? when I called, was there none to answer? Is my hand shortened at all, that it cannot redeem? or have I no power to deliver? behold, at my rebuke I dry up the sea, I make the rivers a wilderness: their fish stinketh, because there is no water, and dieth for thirst.

3 I clothe the heavens with blackness, and I make sackcloth their covering.

The sufferings and exaltation of the Messiah

4 The Lord GOD hath given me the tongue of the learned, that I should know how to speak a word in season to him that is weary: he wakeneth morning by morning, he wakeneth mine ear to hear as the learned.

5 The Lord GOD hath opened mine ear, and I was not rebellious, neither turned away back.

6 I gave my back to the smiters, and my cheeks to them that plucked off the hair: I hid not my face from shame and spitting.

7 For the Lord GOD will help me; therefore shall I not be confounded: therefore have I set my face like a flint, and I know that I shall not be ashamed.

8 He is near that justifieth me; who will contend with me? let us stand together: who is mine adversary? let him come near to me.

9 Behold, the Lord GOD will help me; who is he that shall condemn me? lo, they all shall wax old as a garment; the moth shall eat them up.

Consolation to the believer, and warning to the unbeliever

10 Who is among you that feareth the LORD, that obeyeth the voice of his servant, that walketh in darkness, and hath no light? let him trust in the name of the LORD, and stay upon his God.

11 Behold, all ye that kindle a fire, that compass yourselves about with sparks: walk in the light of your fire, and in the sparks that ye have kindled. This shall ye have of mine hand; ye shall lie down in sorrow.

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G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 1. Away. Such a one could not be received again, if she had taken another husband. Deut. xxiv. 3. Some explain this of the captives. But God restored them to favour. It seems rather to relate to the reprobation (C.) of the synagogue, which will never again become the true Church, (H.) though many of Israel will be converted. Rom. xi. 25. — Sold you, as a father might do. Ex. xxi. 1. Mat. xviii. 15. S. Ambrose (Tob. viii.) inveighs against such cruel parents, as the Christian religion had not then entirely repressed this inhumanity. C. — God rejected the synagogue, not out of hard-heartedness or want, but because of her sins. W.

Ver. 2. Hear. My spouse had gone after other lovers. The people refused to hear the prophets; and the priests were become as corrupt as the rest, when the city was taken by the Chaldees and by the Romans. C. — Sea. Babylon. C. xxi. H. — I could work the same miracles, as I did when Israel came out of Egypt.

Ver. 4. Weary. Isaias speaks in the name of Christ, whose words carried conviction and comfort along with them. Jo. vi. 69. and vii. 46. C. — Wakeneth. Lit. “lifteth up.” Cynthius Ă¢uremVellit. Ec. vi. — Hear, or obey. H. — Christ preached more powerfully than Isaias, and continues to do so by his pastors. S. Jer. W.

Ver. 6. Spit. The greatest indignity. Job xxx. 10. Deut. xxv. 9. Yet this was the treatment of our Saviour. Lu. xviii. 31. Mat. xxvi. 67. C. — “The great Grotius, (I wish he were great in explaining the prophets)” applies this to Jeremias. Houbigant.

Ver. 7. Rock. Christ heard the accusations of his enemies unmoved, as the had not been afraid to blame the conduct of the Pharisees.

Ver. 10. Light. The faithful are exhorted to take courage, while the Romans will destroy the rebellious Jews, (v. 11. C.) and the wicked shall dwell in hell fire. M.