King James Bible
with Catholic Commentary by George Leo Haydock

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Isaiah 22

The siege and taking of Jerusalem. (1-7) The wicked conduct of its inhabitants. (8-14) The displacing of Shebna, and the promotion of Eliakim, applied to the Messiah. (15-25)

Isaiah 22 Audio:

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The siege and taking of Jerusalem

1 The burden of the valley of vision. What aileth thee now, that thou art wholly gone up to the housetops?

2 Thou that art full of stirs, a tumultuous city, joyous city: thy slain men are not slain with the sword, nor dead in battle.

3 All thy rulers are fled together, they are bound by the archers: all that are found in thee are bound together, which have fled from far.

4 Therefore said I, Look away from me; I will weep bitterly, labour not to comfort me, because of the spoiling of the daughter of my people.

5 For it is a day of trouble, and of treading down, and of perplexity by the Lord GOD of hosts in the valley of vision, breaking down the walls, and of crying to the mountains.

6 And Elam bare the quiver with chariots of men and horsemen, and Kir uncovered the shield.

7 And it shall come to pass, that thy choicest valleys shall be full of chariots, and the horsemen shall set themselves in array at the gate.

The wicked conduct of its inhabitants

8 And he discovered the covering of Judah, and thou didst look in that day to the armour of the house of the forest.

9 Ye have seen also the breaches of the city of David, that they are many: and ye gathered together the waters of the lower pool.

10 And ye have numbered the houses of Jerusalem, and the houses have ye broken down to fortify the wall.

11 Ye made also a ditch between the two walls for the water of the old pool: but ye have not looked unto the maker thereof, neither had respect unto him that fashioned it long ago.

12 And in that day did the Lord GOD of hosts call to weeping, and to mourning, and to baldness, and to girding with sackcloth:

13 And behold joy and gladness, slaying oxen, and killing sheep, eating flesh, and drinking wine: let us eat and drink; for to morrow we shall die.

14 And it was revealed in mine ears by the LORD of hosts, Surely this iniquity shall not be purged from you till ye die, saith the Lord GOD of hosts.

The displacing of Shebna, and the promotion of Eliakim, applied to the Messiah

15 Thus saith the Lord GOD of hosts, Go, get thee unto this treasurer, even unto Shebna, which is over the house, and say,

16 What hast thou here? and whom hast thou here, that thou hast hewed thee out a sepulchre here, as he that heweth him out a sepulchre on high, and that graveth an habitation for himself in a rock?

17 Behold, the LORD will carry thee away with a mighty captivity, and will surely cover thee.

18 He will surely violently turn and toss thee like a ball into a large country: there shalt thou die, and there the chariots of thy glory shall be the shame of thy lord’s house.

19 And I will drive thee from thy station, and from thy state shall he pull thee down.

20 And it shall come to pass in that day, that I will call my servant Eliakim the son of Hilkiah:

21 And I will clothe him with thy robe, and strengthen him with thy girdle, and I will commit thy government into his hand: and he shall be a father to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and to the house of Judah.

22 And the key of the house of David will I lay upon his shoulder; so he shall open, and none shall shut; and he shall shut, and none shall open.

23 And I will fasten him as a nail in a sure place; and he shall be for a glorious throne to his father’s house.

24 And they shall hang upon him all the glory of his father’s house, the offspring and the issue, all vessels of small quantity, from the vessels of cups, even to all the vessels of flagons.

25 In that day, saith the LORD of hosts, shall the nail that is fastened in the sure place be removed, and be cut down, and fall; and the burden that was upon it shall be cut off: for the LORD hath spoken it.

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G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 1. The valley of vision: Jerusalem. The temple of Jerusalem was built upon Mount Moria, or on the mountain of vision. But the city is here called, the valley of vision, either because it was lower than the temple, or because of the low condition to which it was to be reduced, (Ch.) during the captivity. W. — Vision. Sept. “Sion.” H. — This prophecy regards the devastation caused by Sennacherib, (S. Jer.) Nabuchodonosor, (Sanct.) the Romans, (Eus.) or by Assaradon, when he took Manasses. 2 Par. xxxiii. 11. and 4 K. xxi. 10. — Tops, to weep.

Ver. 2. Battle. He taxes the king with cowardice.

Ver. 4. People. He saw this in spirit, though he might not live to witness it. C.

Ver. 5. Searching. That day beheld the Assyrians (H.) undermining the wall, and behaving with haughtiness (C.) on Mount Sion. H.

Ver. 6. Wall. Arms were frequently hung thereon. Cant. ix. 4. C.

Ver. 8. Covering. Heb. masac, (H.) “shade,” for the convenience of the people. 4 K. xvi. 18. — Forest, built by Solomon. Ezechias has also procured store of arms, which were now delivered out to the citizens.

Ver. 9. Many, but you have neglected them, (C.) till it be too late. H. — Pool, communicating with Gehon on the west. C.

Ver. 11. Walls. Manasses enclosed the pool within walls, forming a second town. 4 K. xxii. 29. — Ago. You have not imitated the piety of Ezechias.

Ver. 13. Die. Thus the pagans encouraged themselves to feast. C. — Ergo vivamus dum licet esse benè. Petron. — This conduct betrayed an entire want of faith. C. — “Nothing offends God so much…as contempt proceeding from despair.” S. Jer.

Ver. 14. Die. The repentance of Manasses, and the piety of Josias, could not avert the storm. Discite justitiam moniti et non temnere divos.

Ver. 15. Temple, in the place of Eliacim. He had been secretary before, (C.) and had intruded himself into some office in the temple, which he abused. W.

Ver. 17. Cock. S. Jerom’s master assured him that the word which is usually rendered a warrior, has this meaning. H. — The comparison agrees well with a proud man reduced to misery. C. — Heb. “With the captivity of a man, and he will cover thee.” Sept. “he will cast out and bruise the man, and will take away thy comely robe, and throw thee into,” &c. H.

Ver. 18. Lord; Manasses, who hath exalted thee. C.

Ver. 20. Eliacim, who had been displaced, v. 15. He acted as regent after the departure of Manasses, who always followed his counsels at his return. Judith iv. 5. The priesthood was not then incompatible with civil and military functions.

Ver. 21. Girdle, the badge of power. Job xii. 18.

Ver. 22. Shoulder. Here the marks of dignity were worn. Eliacim was appointed master of the palace, over all the other servants. C. — Thus we may gather what power Christ conferred on S. Peter, when he gave him the keys of heaven. Mat. xvi. 19. Apoc. iii. 7. H.

Ver. 23. Peg, on which whatever is placed shall be secure. 1 Esd. ix. 8.

Ver. 24. House. He shall be the ornament of the priesthood. — Music. All affairs in church and state shall be at his disposal.

Ver. 25. Fall. Sobna shall lose all his employments, and ruin others. C.