King James Bible
with Catholic Commentary by George Leo Haydock

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Isaiah 16

Moab is exhorted to yield obedience. (1-5) The pride and the judgments of Moab. (6-14)

Isaiah 16 Audio:

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Moab is exhorted to yield obedience

1 Send ye the lamb to the ruler of the land from Sela to the wilderness, unto the mount of the daughter of Zion.

2 For it shall be, that, as a wandering bird cast out of the nest, so the daughters of Moab shall be at the fords of Arnon.

3 Take counsel, execute judgment; make thy shadow as the night in the midst of the noonday; hide the outcasts; bewray not him that wandereth.

4 Let mine outcasts dwell with thee, Moab; be thou a covert to them from the face of the spoiler: for the extortioner is at an end, the spoiler ceaseth, the oppressors are consumed out of the land.

5 And in mercy shall the throne be established: and he shall sit upon it in truth in the tabernacle of David, judging, and seeking judgment, and hasting righteousness.

The pride and the judgments of Moab

6 We have heard of the pride of Moab; he is very proud: even of his haughtiness, and his pride, and his wrath: but his lies shall not be so.

7 Therefore shall Moab howl for Moab, every one shall howl: for the foundations of Kirhareseth shall ye mourn; surely they are stricken.

8 For the fields of Heshbon languish, and the vine of Sibmah: the lords of the heathen have broken down the principal plants thereof, they are come even unto Jazer, they wandered through the wilderness: her branches are stretched out, they are gone over the sea.

9 Therefore I will bewail with the weeping of Jazer the vine of Sibmah: I will water thee with my tears, O Heshbon, and Elealeh: for the shouting for thy summer fruits and for thy harvest is fallen.

10 And gladness is taken away, and joy out of the plentiful field; and in the vineyards there shall be no singing, neither shall there be shouting: the treaders shall tread out no wine in their presses; I have made their vintage shouting to cease.

11 Wherefore my bowels shall sound like an harp for Moab, and mine inward parts for Kirharesh.

12 And it shall come to pass, when it is seen that Moab is weary on the high place, that he shall come to his sanctuary to pray; but he shall not prevail.

13 This is the word that the LORD hath spoken concerning Moab since that time.

14 But now the LORD hath spoken, saying, Within three years, as the years of an hireling, and the glory of Moab shall be contemned, with all that great multitude; and the remnant shall be very small and feeble.

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G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 1. Petra. Heb. selah, “the rock.” H. — Our Saviour spring from Ruth, the Moabitess. M. — The original may insinuate, that the king of the country had neglected to pay the usual tribute to Juda. 4 K. iii. 4. C. — “Send the lamb to the ruler,” &c. Tournemine. Amid scenes of distress, the prophet perceives that the Saviour will proceed from one of this nation. W.

Ver. 2. Arnon. They shall not be able to fly over, or to escape the conqueror.

Ver. 3. Night. Seek a retreat in the darkest places; or protect Israel when they shall flee before the Assyrians. Their cruelty is thus insinuated. Amos i.

Ver. 4. Dust. Theglathphalassar. I need not exhort you to receive my people, as I know your dispositions, and they are out of danger. C.

Ver. 5. Just. This regards Christ, (S. Jer.) prefigured by (H.) Ezechias. C.

Ver. 7. Walls. Heb. “Kir-hareseth.” C. xv. 1. H.

Ver. 8. Lords. Princes of Jerusalem, (Lam. i. 1.) or of Assyria. C. — Sea. Of Sodom, even as far as Jazer, (H.) in the tribe of Ruben. C.

Ver. 9. My tears. C. xv. 5. H. — I announce a different sort of music from that which is customary in times of harvest, and of vintage. The liquor shall be tears. C. lxiii. 2. Jer. xlviii. 32. 33. C.

Ver. 10. Carmel. This name is often taken to signify a fair and fruitful hill or field, such as Mount Carmel is. Ch. — It means, “the vine of God.” C.

Ver. 11. Wall. Kir-hareseth. v. 7. I am grieved at your misfortunes. C.

Ver. 12. Prevail. Chamos shall not be able to help them.

Ver. 13. That time. A long while ago. Ps. xcii. 2.

Ver. 14. Not many. It was laid waste in the third year of Ezechias. But its final destruction took place only five years after that of Jerusalem. C. — The wars against Moab continued three years, after which it was reduced to servitude. W.