King James Bible
with Catholic Commentary by George Leo Haydock

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Hosea 1

Under a figure, is represented the shameful idolatry of the ten tribes. (1-7) The calling of the Gentiles, and the uniting Israel and Judah under the Messiah. (8-11)

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Under a figure, is represented the shameful idolatry of the ten tribes

1 The word of the LORD that came unto Hosea, the son of Beeri, in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam the son of Joash, king of Israel.

2 The beginning of the word of the LORD by Hosea. And the LORD said to Hosea, Go, take unto thee a wife of whoredoms and children of whoredoms: for the land hath committed great whoredom, departing from the LORD.

3 So he went and took Gomer the daughter of Diblaim; which conceived, and bare him a son.

4 And the LORD said unto him, Call his name Jezreel; for yet a little while, and I will avenge the blood of Jezreel upon the house of Jehu, and will cause to cease the kingdom of the house of Israel.

5 And it shall come to pass at that day, that I will break the bow of Israel, in the valley of Jezreel.

6 And she conceived again, and bare a daughter. And God said unto him, Call her name Loruhamah: for I will no more have mercy upon the house of Israel; but I will utterly take them away.

7 But I will have mercy upon the house of Judah, and will save them by the LORD their God, and will not save them by bow, nor by sword, nor by battle, by horses, nor by horsemen.

The calling of the Gentiles, and the uniting Israel and Judah under the Messiah

8 Now when she had weaned Loruhamah, she conceived, and bare a son.

9 Then said God, Call his name Loammi: for ye are not my people, and I will not be your God.

10 Yet the number of the children of Israel shall be as the sand of the sea, which cannot be measured nor numbered; and it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said unto them, Ye are not my people, there it shall be said unto them, Ye are the sons of the living God.

11 Then shall the children of Judah and the children of Israel be gathered together, and appoint themselves one head, and they shall come up out of the land: for great shall be the day of Jezreel.

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G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 1. Israel. He reigned forty-one years, till A.M. 3220. Usher. — The prophets usually give the date, that the prediction may be verified. Some Latin MSS. intimate, that “the Jews attribute these titles to Esdras, (who is Malachias) or to the respective prophets, which is more probable.” S. Jer. t. i. — Jeroboam II. died twenty-six years before Ozias, towards the end of whose reign Isaias commenced; so that Osee was more ancient. W.

Ver. 2. Fornications. That is, a wife that hath been given to fornication. This was to represent the Lord’s proceedings with his people Israel, who, by spiritual fornication, were continually offending him. Ch. — The prophet reclaimed her. S. Jer. — She denoted Samaria, abandoned to idolatry. Ezec. xvi. 15. Several such actions were prophetical. Many have supposed that this was only a parable; but the sequel proves the contrary. C. — Of fornications. So called from the character of the mother, if not also from their own wicked dispositions. Ch. — He is ordered to marry a woman who had been of a loose character, and to have children who would resemble her; (W.) or he takes her children to his house; (Grot.) unless the children of the prophet were so styled because the mother had been given to fornication. So the rod of Aaron retains its name when it was become a serpent. Ex. vii. 12. — Shall, or rather, “has departed;” and therefore he denounces future chastisements.

Ver. 4. Jezrahel. Jehu slew Joram in this place. He was the instrument of God’s justice, yet acted himself through malice and ambition, and was therefore deservedly punished. Zacharias, the fourth of his family, lost the crown, and was slain by Sellum, at Jezrahel. 4 K. ix. &c. C. — The offspring of Jehu, now on the throne, solicited Jezrahel or the ten tribes to idolatry, which God will revenge. W.

Ver. 6. Without mercy. Lo Ruchamah. Ch. — Some copies of Sept. and S. Paul read, “not beloved.” Rom. ix. 25. Samaria shall surely perish. After the death of Jeroboam II. the kingdom was all in confusion, and in sixty-two years time became extinct. It was afterwards blended with Juda.

Ver. 7. Horsemen. Sennacherib was miraculously disconcerted. Juda returned from captivity and became more flourishing, giving birth to the Messias. C.

Ver. 9. Not my people. Lohammi. Ch. — The kingdom of Israel seemed to be quite cast off; and in captivity it was hardly distinguished from other nations. Juda was preserved longer, and at all times was under the divine protection. Ezechiel, Daniel, &c. comforted the people in the worst of their afflictions. C.

Ver. 10. The number, &c. viz. of the true Israelites, the children of the Church of Christ. Ch. — This is the primary sense. Rom. ix. 25. Yet the Israelites are here also assured of their return from captivity. C. — God. Among many sinners, some are chosen. W.

Ver. 11. Head; Christ, (Ch.) the head of all the faithful, (W.) consisting both of Jews and Gentiles. Israel and Juda returned under Zorobabel, &c. C. — The prophets blend present and future transactions together. S. Jer. in C. iii. — Jezrahel. That is, of the seed of God; for Jezrahel signifies the seed of God. Ch. — For may also be rendered, “when or though.” The seed of Jehu shall be exterminated. The kingdom, signified by Jezrahel, a great city, shall fall. C.