King James Bible
with Catholic Commentary by George Leo Haydock

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Haggai 1

Haggai reproves the Jews for neglecting the temple. (1-11) He promises God’s assistance to them. (12-15)

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Haggai reproves the Jews for neglecting the temple

1 In the second year of Darius the king, in the sixth month, in the first day of the month, came the word of the LORD by Haggai the prophet unto Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and to Joshua the son of Josedech, the high priest, saying,

2 Thus speaketh the LORD of hosts, saying, This people say, The time is not come, the time that the LORD’s house should be built.

3 Then came the word of the LORD by Haggai the prophet, saying,

4 Is it time for you, O ye, to dwell in your cieled houses, and this house lie waste?

5 Now therefore thus saith the LORD of hosts; Consider your ways.

6 Ye have sown much, and bring in little; ye eat, but ye have not enough; ye drink, but ye are not filled with drink; ye clothe you, but there is none warm; and he that earneth wages earneth wages to put it into a bag with holes.

7 Thus saith the LORD of hosts; Consider your ways.

8 Go up to the mountain, and bring wood, and build the house; and I will take pleasure in it, and I will be glorified, saith the LORD.

9 Ye looked for much, and, lo it came to little; and when ye brought it home, I did blow upon it. Why? saith the LORD of hosts. Because of mine house that is waste, and ye run every man unto his own house.

10 Therefore the heaven over you is stayed from dew, and the earth is stayed from her fruit.

11 And I called for a drought upon the land, and upon the mountains, and upon the corn, and upon the new wine, and upon the oil, and upon that which the ground bringeth forth, and upon men, and upon cattle, and upon all the labour of the hands.

He promises God’s assistance to them

12 Then Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, and Joshua the son of Josedech, the high priest, with all the remnant of the people, obeyed the voice of the LORD their God, and the words of Haggai the prophet, as the LORD their God had sent him, and the people did fear before the LORD.

13 Then spake Haggai the LORD’s messenger in the LORD’s message unto the people, saying, I am with you, saith the LORD.

14 And the LORD stirred up the spirit of Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and the spirit of Joshua the son of Josedech, the high priest, and the spirit of all the remnant of the people; and they came and did work in the house of the LORD of hosts, their God,

15 In the four and twentieth day of the sixth month, in the second year of Darius the king.

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G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 1. Darius Hystaspes. C. — When the Jews had no king, the prophets dated from the reign of the monarch on whom they were dependent. Theod. — Sixth; Elul, the last of the civil year, corresponding with our September. The harvest had been bad, and Aggeus assigns the reason. C. — Governor. Lit. “duke,” or captain. Sept. “of the tribe of Juda.” H. — He descended from the kings of Juda, and was now chief governor by leave of Darius. W. — Yet Cyrus had appointed Sarasar, (1 Esd. i. 8.) who perhaps, after the death of Cambyses, fled; Zorobabel and Jesus are designated judges, and a crown is made for them. C. ii. 24. Zac. iii. and vi. 11. Still Thartanai, governor beyond the Euphrates, took cognizance of the Jewish affairs. 1 Esd. v. 3. The prince of Juda was therefore under him. Zorobabel was son or grandson of Salathiel, (1 Par. iii. 17.) or was adopted by him, being born of Phadaia. C. — Josedec, who was led into captivity. 1 Par. vi. 15.

Ver. 2. Yet come. God’s service must be restored without delay, and manners reformed; as otherwise many will be lost eternally. W. — The Jews refrained from commencing the temple till the time marked out by Jeremias, xxv. 11. Zac. i. 7. C. — From the beginning of the last siege sixty-nine years had elapsed. Usher, A. 3485. — Others, reflecting on the obstacles placed by Cyrus and Cambyses, thought it was not yet time to work at the temple: but these were only pretexts. The kingdom was now held by another family, and the former decrees abolished. Fear of labour, therefore, was the only impediment.

Ver. 4. Ceiled: superbly adorned. Heb. “covered.” You are not content with what is merely necessary, while the temple lies in ruins. C.

Ver. 5. Ways. Sound the real motives of your neglect. H. — See if your misfortunes do not originate in this cause, and if God does not require you to build the temple. v. 9. C.

Ver. 6. Filled. Lit. “inebriated,” (H.) so as to become cheerful. S. Jer.

Ver. 8. The mountain Libanus. Wood had been purchased before, but had been used for other purposes. 1 Esd. iii. 7. Now the people went to procure more. The following year Darius confirmed the decree of Cyrus, which was a change plainly effected by Providence. C.

Ver. 11. Drought. Heb. choreb, (H.) is rendered the sword, by the Sept. and may best signify “a burning wind,” according to the different pronunciation. S. Jer. — This was not then determined by the vowel points (C.) of the Masora. Soph. ii. 14. H.

Ver. 13. Messenger. To excite the people’s attention, Aggeus declares that he is sent by God, (W.) like the prophets of old. Some Jews have asserted (C.) that he, Malachias, the Baptist, and Jacob, were angels incarnate. But let us leave (S. Jer.) these learned dreams. C. — They have no better foundation than the ambiguity of malac, which signifies “an angel, or a messenger.” H. — With you. This is often repeated, to encourage the dejected people. M.

Ver. 14. Work. Sept. “works.” H. — They prepared materials, and began the temple on the 24th of the ninth month. C. ii. 16. 19. M.