King James Bible
with Catholic Commentary by George Leo Haydock

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Ezra 2

The numbers that returned. (1-35) The numbers of the priests and Levites. (36-63) The offerings for the temple. (64-70)

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The numbers that returned

1 Now these are the children of the province that went up out of the captivity, of those which had been carried away, whom Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon had carried away unto Babylon, and came again unto Jerusalem and Judah, every one unto his city;

2 Which came with Zerubbabel: Jeshua, Nehemiah, Seraiah, Reelaiah, Mordecai, Bilshan, Mizpar, Bigvai, Rehum, Baanah. The number of the men of the people of Israel:

3 The children of Parosh, two thousand an hundred seventy and two.

4 The children of Shephatiah, three hundred seventy and two.

5 The children of Arah, seven hundred seventy and five.

6 The children of Pahathmoab, of the children of Jeshua and Joab, two thousand eight hundred and twelve.

7 The children of Elam, a thousand two hundred fifty and four.

8 The children of Zattu, nine hundred forty and five.

9 The children of Zaccai, seven hundred and threescore.

10 The children of Bani, six hundred forty and two.

11 The children of Bebai, six hundred twenty and three.

12 The children of Azgad, a thousand two hundred twenty and two.

13 The children of Adonikam, six hundred sixty and six.

14 The children of Bigvai, two thousand fifty and six.

15 The children of Adin, four hundred fifty and four.

16 The children of Ater of Hezekiah, ninety and eight.

17 The children of Bezai, three hundred twenty and three.

18 The children of Jorah, an hundred and twelve.

19 The children of Hashum, two hundred twenty and three.

20 The children of Gibbar, ninety and five.

21 The children of Bethlehem, an hundred twenty and three.

22 The men of Netophah, fifty and six.

23 The men of Anathoth, an hundred twenty and eight.

24 The children of Azmaveth, forty and two.

25 The children of Kirjatharim, Chephirah, and Beeroth, seven hundred and forty and three.

26 The children of Ramah and Gaba, six hundred twenty and one.

27 The men of Michmas, an hundred twenty and two.

28 The men of Bethel and Ai, two hundred twenty and three.

29 The children of Nebo, fifty and two.

30 The children of Magbish, an hundred fifty and six.

31 The children of the other Elam, a thousand two hundred fifty and four.

32 The children of Harim, three hundred and twenty.

33 The children of Lod, Hadid, and Ono, seven hundred twenty and five.

34 The children of Jericho, three hundred forty and five.

35 The children of Senaah, three thousand and six hundred and thirty.

The numbers of the priests and Levites

36 The priests: the children of Jedaiah, of the house of Jeshua, nine hundred seventy and three.

37 The children of Immer, a thousand fifty and two.

38 The children of Pashur, a thousand two hundred forty and seven.

39 The children of Harim, a thousand and seventeen.

40 The Levites: the children of Jeshua and Kadmiel, of the children of Hodaviah, seventy and four.

41 The singers: the children of Asaph, an hundred twenty and eight.

42 The children of the porters: the children of Shallum, the children of Ater, the children of Talmon, the children of Akkub, the children of Hatita, the children of Shobai, in all an hundred thirty and nine.

43 The Nethinims: the children of Ziha, the children of Hasupha, the children of Tabbaoth,

44 The children of Keros, the children of Siaha, the children of Padon,

45 The children of Lebanah, the children of Hagabah, the children of Akkub,

46 The children of Hagab, the children of Shalmai, the children of Hanan,

47 The children of Giddel, the children of Gahar, the children of Reaiah,

48 The children of Rezin, the children of Nekoda, the children of Gazzam,

49 The children of Uzza, the children of Paseah, the children of Besai,

50 The children of Asnah, the children of Mehunim, the children of Nephusim,

51 The children of Bakbuk, the children of Hakupha, the children of Harhur,

52 The children of Bazluth, the children of Mehida, the children of Harsha,

53 The children of Barkos, the children of Sisera, the children of Thamah,

54 The children of Neziah, the children of Hatipha.

55 The children of Solomon’s servants: the children of Sotai, the children of Sophereth, the children of Peruda,

56 The children of Jaalah, the children of Darkon, the children of Giddel,

57 The children of Shephatiah, the children of Hattil, the children of Pochereth of Zebaim, the children of Ami.

58 All the Nethinims, and the children of Solomon’s servants, were three hundred ninety and two.

59 And these were they which went up from Telmelah, Telharsa, Cherub, Addan, and Immer: but they could not shew their father’s house, and their seed, whether they were of Israel:

60 The children of Delaiah, the children of Tobiah, the children of Nekoda, six hundred fifty and two.

61 And of the children of the priests: the children of Habaiah, the children of Koz, the children of Barzillai; which took a wife of the daughters of Barzillai the Gileadite, and was called after their name:

62 These sought their register among those that were reckoned by genealogy, but they were not found: therefore were they, as polluted, put from the priesthood.

63 And the Tirshatha said unto them, that they should not eat of the most holy things, till there stood up a priest with Urim and with Thummim.

The offerings for the temple

64 The whole congregation together was forty and two thousand three hundred and threescore,

65 Beside their servants and their maids, of whom there were seven thousand three hundred thirty and seven: and there were among them two hundred singing men and singing women.

66 Their horses were seven hundred thirty and six; their mules, two hundred forty and five;

67 Their camels, four hundred thirty and five; their asses, six thousand seven hundred and twenty.

68 And some of the chief of the fathers, when they came to the house of the LORD which is at Jerusalem, offered freely for the house of God to set it up in his place:

69 They gave after their ability unto the treasure of the work threescore and one thousand drams of gold, and five thousand pound of silver, and one hundred priests’ garments.

70 So the priests, and the Levites, and some of the people, and the singers, and the porters, and the Nethinims, dwelt in their cities, and all Israel in their cities.

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G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 1. Now. This catalogue is given again, 2 Esd. vii. 6. and 3 Esdras v. 7. immediately (H.) after the long interpolated story (Kennicott) of the three guards, concerning the superior strength of wine, the king, women or truth, in which Zorobabel gains the victory, in favour of the latter. H. — The rest of the book is taken from other inspired writings; (Sandford) and this story may be borrowed Josephus: so that there is no reason for asserting “that one whole book is now lost out of the sacred canon.” Kennicott. — Yet this argument is by no means conclusive, as the Paral. consists of such supplements, &c. These three catalogues very considerably, not only in the proper names, but also in the numbers, (H.) though they must have been the same originally, and still give the same total, 42,360. We cannot find that number at present, by above 8,400. In many cases, the disagreement consists of a single unit, hundred, &c. which may lead us to suspect that the Palmyrene, or the more ancient Sidonian notation, may have been adopted in some Heb. MSS. being used about the time of Christ. See Swinton’s tables, (Phil. Trans. xlviii. and l.) where the Sidonian coins express the units by small perpendicular strokes; and the Palmyrene inscriptions only admit four of these together, having an arbitrary mark for 5: “the hundreds and units after the tens, are expressed in both, in the same manner as the single units.” Kennicott, 2 Diss. — Cordell (MS. note on this author) disapproves of this mode of correcting, and says that the females are included in the total sum, being 12,542, not recorded in the separate sums. But this number seems too small, as there are generally as many of that sex as of the other. H. — Some find the total 31,583, which leaves 10,777 wanting to complete 42,360, as these could not make out their genealogies, or were of the ten tribes. In this chapter only 29,818 are specified, whereas 2 Esdras vii. has 31,089; the latter reckons 1765 unnoticed by Esdras, who has 494 not specified in Nehemias. The difference, that seems to make a reconciliation impossible, is what make these authors agree; for, if you add the surplus of each to the other, the same total, 31,583, will arise. Alting. ep. 59. This solution, though ingenious, is not solid or satisfactory. Rondet, t. v. p. 176. — De Vence rather thinks that the difference is to be laid to the charge of transcribers, or that some people enrolled themselves after the registers had been made up; so that they are only included in the general sum. H. — Some things may have been inserted from 2 Esdras, though here out of place, (Grot.) as we find similar anachronisms, 1 Par. ix. 2, and perhaps Gen. xxxvi. 31. Nehemias may also have included those whom he brought back along with these; unless we allow that some one, by attempting to reconcile the two, has thrown all into confusion. It seems undeniable, that some additions have been made to the latter book. C. xii. 11. and 22. The list given 1 Par. ix. 4, comprises only those who came first from Babylon. C. — After this remark, it will hardly be requisite to specify all the variations of names and numbers. H. — “For what can be hence inferred, but that there are some arithmetical mistakes in Scripture, which no one denies?” Huet. — “Almost all who are conversant with ancient copies, agree in the decision of S. Jerom, as they cannot but perceive that some variations have crept in, particularly with respect to numbers and proper names.” Walton. — Province, born in Chaldea, (M.) or rather belonging to Judea, which was now considered as a province of the empire, (C.) and paid tribute. C. iv. 13. 2 Esd. ix. 36. T. — In 3 Esd. we read, “These are they of Judea.” — Nabuchodonosor had taken some of these; the rest were chiefly their descendants. — Juda now is used to denote Judea. H.

Ver. 2. Zorobabel was the prince, Josue the high priest. C. — There are 12 mentioned in 2 and 3 Esd. But here the sixth Nahamani, or Enenion, is omitted. H. — There represent the 12 tribes, (Kennicott) and were chiefs. M. — It is wonderful that Esdras is not here mentioned, as well as Nehemias, who led a company after him, many of whom are here recorded. C. — They might come to take care of their patrimony, and return into Chaldea, like Mardochai, (T. though it does not seem to be Esther’s uncle. D.) and Nehemias, who is styled also Athersatha, v. 63. T. — Baana. 3 Esd. adds, “their leaders.” H.

Ver. 3. Children. When this term precedes the name of a man, it means his offspring; (v. 3. 20.) when placed before a city, it denotes the inhabitants, v. 21. 35. C. — The lay Israelites are placed here; then the Levitical tribe; (v. 36.) the Nathineans, &c. v. 43. It is very difficult to decide when the names designate places, and when persons. M.

Ver. 5. Seven. 2 Esd. only 652. These arrived at Jerusalem; the rest altered their mind. Junius. C. — But 3 Esd. has 756: so that there is most probably a mistake somewhere. H.

Ver. 6. Moab. This seems to be the name of a place, where the descendants of Josue and Joab might reside; (C. viii. 4. C.) or Phahath might have this title, on account of some victory, or residence in the country. His descendants, with those of Josue and Joab, where 2812, (T.) or 2818. 2 Esd. vii. 11. C. — Josue. Prot. “Jeshua and Joab.” H. — Some translate Pahath, “the chief of” Moab, &c. D. — Grotius suspects that to v. 68 may be inserted from Nehemias.

Ver. 13. Six. Other 60 returned afterwards with Esdras. H. C. viii. 13.

Ver. 16. Ather. 3 Esd. Ator-Ezekios, 92: but 2 Esd. has Ater, children of Hezecias, 98. H.

Ver. 17. Besai. We should perhaps read Hasum, (v. 19. C.) then Besai, and afterwards Jora, who may be the same with Hareph. 2 Esd. vii. 24. H.

Ver. 20. Gebbar. 2 Esd. Gabaon. 3 Esd. “Baitereus, 3005.” H.

Ver. 22. Six. 2 Esd. puts the inhabitants of those two cities together, and makes 188, instead of the present calculation 179. C. — Netupha was in Ephraim. D.

Ver. 29. Nebo. 2 Esd. (vii. 33.) adds, “of the other Nebo,” as in some Latin copies a first had been mentioned, (v. 30.) where we have Geba, (C.) here written Gabaa, v. 26. H. — Nebo belonged to some of the other tribes, as well as Phahath-Moab; which shews that some of the people returned, (C.) and are particularized, as well as the men of the three tribes of Juda, Benjamin, and Levi. H.

Ver. 30. Megbis. 3 Esd. “Niphis;” (C.) or, according to the Alex. MS. “Phineis.” H. — The verse is omitted 2 Esd. But Megphias occurs below. C. x. 20. Megabyse is a Persian name. Herod. iii. 20. and 160.

Ver. 31. Other Elam. The first is mentioned (v. 7.) with exactly the same number. Is not this verse redundant? C. — Who would not be astonished? T. — 3 Esd. omits this and the following name. H.

Ver. 33. Hadid. These cities were in the tribe of Benjamin. C. — Senaa was in Ephraim, eight miles from Jericho. Euseb.

Ver. 36. Josue, the high priest, v. 2.

Ver. 40. Odovia, called Juda. C. iii. 9. C.

Ver. 43. Nathinites, “people given” (1 Par. ix. 2. H.) by Josue, David, and Solomon. T.

Ver. 55. Servants, proselytes. 1 Par. xxii. 2. M.

Ver. 57. Pocereth-Hasebaim, in Heb. (C.) or “of Zebaim.” Prot.

Ver. 59. Thelmela, “the height of Mela, or of salt.” The river Melas empties itself into the Euphrates. Strabo xii. — The cities here mentioned were in Chaldea. Some of the ten tribes had probably been transported into Cappadocia, where Herodotus (ii. 35,) place some circumcised Syrians. — Thelharsa, or Thelassar, 4 K. xix. 12. — Cherub, &c. were cities of Chaldea, (T.) or chief men; but as they had been carried away by Theglathphalassar, they had lost their genealogies, and could only produce circumcision as a proof that they were Israelites.

Ver. 61. Their name. The priest, Berzellai, assumed the name of the family, from which he had chosen a wife. H. — It was that of the famous old man, who was so hospitable to David. 2 K. xix. 31. C.

Ver. 62. Priesthood. Those who cannot prove that they are priests, ought not to exercise the functions. W. — The Jews were particularly careful to preserve their genealogical tables, and transcribed them again after any very troublesome times. Joseph. c. Ap. 1, and in his own Life. — The Rabbins falsely assert that only the mother’s side was examined, and that the children followed her condition. C.

Ver. 63. Athersatha. Prot. marg. “the governor,” (H.) in the Persian language. D. — Nehemias had this title. 2 Esd. viii. 9. H. — It means “a cup-bearer.” C. M. — 3 Esd. “And Nehemias, who is also Atharias, said unto them, that they should not partake of the holy things, till a high priest, clothed with manifestation and truth, should arise.” H. — Learned. Heb. “with Urim and Thummim.” We do not find that God had been consulted, in this manner, since the time of David: and the Jews inform us that the ornament was not used after the captivity, (C.) as it had been, perhaps, concealed with the ark, by Jeremias. 2 Mac. ii. 4. T. — Nehemias hoped that it would be soon recovered. In the mean time, he followed the spirit of the law, but with additional rigour, as it permitted such priests to eat consecrated meats. Lev. xxi. 22. It seems that this decision is out of its proper place, since Nehemias came 80 years after Zorobabel. C. — But he might have been present on this occasion, (H.) though he returned afterwards to Babylon, where he officiated as cup-bearer to the king. T.

Ver. 64. Forty-two thousand, &c. Those who are reckoned up above of the tribes of Juda, Benjamin, and Levi, fall short of this number. The rest, who must be taken in to make up the whole sum, were of the other tribes. Ch. — This explanation is given by R. Solomon. W. — But we have seen that cities belonging to the ten tribes are specified. See v. 1, and 29. H. — Some might not be able to make out their genealogies. C. v. 62. Yet some of these also are counted, v. 60. H. — The particular sums may therefore be incorrect. Josephus (xi. 1,) adds 102 to the number. C. — 3 Esd. has, “But they were all of Israel from 12 years old and upwards, exclusive of boys and girls, (or male and female servants) 42,300.” Grabe has in another character “sixty. The men and women servants of these, 7300.” Then the Alex. MS. continues, “thirty-seven.” So that without the addition it would give for the total, 42,337. Some copies (H.) have 40. C. — But the most correct (H.) read 60. Kennicott. The small number of servants and cattle shew that the people were poor. D.

Ver. 65. Servants. Probably strangers. C. — Yet the Hebrews might renounce their liberty. Ex. xxi. 6. H. — Hundred, comprised in the last number; (C.) or they belong to Israel, but were different from those mentioned v. 41. We find 45 more in 2 and 3 Esd. H. — These might be inserted by Nehemias, after they had proved themselves to be of the tribe of Levi. Tournemine. — There were in all 49,942. H. — So much was the power of this kingdom now reduced! Sulp Severus says above 50,000 of every sex and rank could not be found. H.

Ver. 69. Solids. Heb. darcemonim. H. — “Darics,” worth as much as a golden sicle. Pelletier. C. 1 Par. xxix. 7. — Pounds, (mnas) or 60 sicles. M. — 3 Esd. has “mnas” in both places.

Ver. 70. Some. The laics, mentioned from v. 2. to 35. H.