King James Bible
with Catholic Commentary by George Leo Haydock

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Ezekiel 42

Ezekiel 42 Audio:

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1 Then he brought me forth into the utter court, the way toward the north: and he brought me into the chamber that was over against the separate place, and which was before the building toward the north.

2 Before the length of an hundred cubits was the north door, and the breadth was fifty cubits.

3 Over against the twenty cubits which were for the inner court, and over against the pavement which was for the utter court, was gallery against gallery in three stories.

4 And before the chambers was a walk to ten cubits breadth inward, a way of one cubit; and their doors toward the north.

5 Now the upper chambers were shorter: for the galleries were higher than these, than the lower, and than the middlemost of the building.

6 For they were in three stories, but had not pillars as the pillars of the courts: therefore the building was straitened more than the lowest and the middlemost from the ground.

7 And the wall that was without over against the chambers, toward the utter court on the forepart of the chambers, the length thereof was fifty cubits.

8 For the length of the chambers that were in the utter court was fifty cubits: and, lo, before the temple were an hundred cubits.

9 And from under these chambers was the entry on the east side, as one goeth into them from the utter court.

10 The chambers were in the thickness of the wall of the court toward the east, over against the separate place, and over against the building.

11 And the way before them was like the appearance of the chambers which were toward the north, as long as they, and as broad as they: and all their goings out were both according to their fashions, and according to their doors.

12 And according to the doors of the chambers that were toward the south was a door in the head of the way, even the way directly before the wall toward the east, as one entereth into them.

13 Then said he unto me, The north chambers and the south chambers, which are before the separate place, they be holy chambers, where the priests that approach unto the LORD shall eat the most holy things: there shall they lay the most holy things, and the meat offering, and the sin offering, and the trespass offering; for the place is holy.

14 When the priests enter therein, then shall they not go out of the holy place into the utter court, but there they shall lay their garments wherein they minister; for they are holy; and shall put on other garments, and shall approach to those things which are for the people.

15 Now when he had made an end of measuring the inner house, he brought me forth toward the gate whose prospect is toward the east, and measured it round about.

16 He measured the east side with the measuring reed, five hundred reeds, with the measuring reed round about.

17 He measured the north side, five hundred reeds, with the measuring reed round about.

18 He measured the south side, five hundred reeds, with the measuring reed.

19 He turned about to the west side, and measured five hundred reeds with the measuring reed.

20 He measured it by the four sides: it had a wall round about, five hundred reeds long, and five hundred broad, to make a separation between the sanctuary and the profane place.

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G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 1. And. S. Jerom finding the Sept. and others varying in the explanations, gives his own; yet adopts the saying of Socrates, “I know that I am ignorant:” for this also is a part of science. W. — Outward, with respect to the temple. It is styled inner court, with reference to that of the people. — Separate. C. xli. 9.

Ver. 3. Triple, one over another, (v. 6.) or on a level with the priests’ court.

Ver. 4. One cubit, projecting out perhaps for seats, or for the pilasters.

Ver. 5. Above. The higher stories are not so lofty.

Ver. 6. Fifty cubits. We only allow thirty, as this is not in Heb. &c. The text, v. 10. and 12, seems incorrect. C.

Ver. 13. Holies. Heb. “who are very holy,” and (H.) on duty. See Lev. vi. 25.

Ver. 14. People. C. xliv. 17. Ex. xxxiii. 42. Christian priests use their vestments only when they are officiating. Durand and Durant Rit. ii. 9. C.

Ver. 16. Five. Heb. emoth should be meoth, “three hundred, as it is printed (yet not in the Prot. version. H.) thrice just after, and as it is written here in MS. 4. Camb. 1. 2.” Kennicott. — Reeds. Sept. “cubits,” as Heb. S. Jer. &c. insinuate. The mountain was only five hundred paces square, even when it was enlarged in the time of Josephus. Bel. vi. 14. Gr. — We must therefore read cubits. C. — If we retain reeds, (H.) the wall will be twelve thousand cubits, (M.) which seems improbable. Tournemine. See C. xlv. H.

Ver. 20. Cubits. This confirms the former correction. v. 16. H. — Heb. has only, “of five hundred.” Maldonat and A. Lapide would understand reeds, to agree with what goes before. M. — Separation. Josephus mentions a wall three cubits high, on the pillars of which was written in Greek and Latin, that such as entered the temple must be pure, (C.) and no stranger. H. — Into this court all might come. Philo. C.