King James Bible
with Catholic Commentary by George Leo Haydock

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Ezekiel 41

Ezekiel 41 Audio:

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1 Afterward he brought me to the temple, and measured the posts, six cubits broad on the one side, and six cubits broad on the other side, which was the breadth of the tabernacle.

2 And the breadth of the door was ten cubits; and the sides of the door were five cubits on the one side, and five cubits on the other side: and he measured the length thereof, forty cubits: and the breadth, twenty cubits.

3 Then went he inward, and measured the post of the door, two cubits; and the door, six cubits; and the breadth of the door, seven cubits.

4 So he measured the length thereof, twenty cubits; and the breadth, twenty cubits, before the temple: and he said unto me, This is the most holy place.

5 After he measured the wall of the house, six cubits; and the breadth of every side chamber, four cubits, round about the house on every side.

6 And the side chambers were three, one over another, and thirty in order; and they entered into the wall which was of the house for the side chambers round about, that they might have hold, but they had not hold in the wall of the house.

7 And there was an enlarging, and a winding about still upward to the side chambers: for the winding about of the house went still upward round about the house: therefore the breadth of the house was still upward, and so increased from the lowest chamber to the highest by the midst.

8 I saw also the height of the house round about: the foundations of the side chambers were a full reed of six great cubits.

9 The thickness of the wall, which was for the side chamber without, was five cubits: and that which was left was the place of the side chambers that were within.

10 And between the chambers was the wideness of twenty cubits round about the house on every side.

11 And the doors of the side chambers were toward the place that was left, one door toward the north, and another door toward the south: and the breadth of the place that was left was five cubits round about.

12 Now the building that was before the separate place at the end toward the west was seventy cubits broad; and the wall of the building was five cubits thick round about, and the length thereof ninety cubits.

13 So he measured the house, an hundred cubits long; and the separate place, and the building, with the walls thereof, an hundred cubits long;

14 Also the breadth of the face of the house, and of the separate place toward the east, an hundred cubits.

15 And he measured the length of the building over against the separate place which was behind it, and the galleries thereof on the one side and on the other side, an hundred cubits, with the inner temple, and the porches of the court;

16 The door posts, and the narrow windows, and the galleries round about on their three stories, over against the door, cieled with wood round about, and from the ground up to the windows, and the windows were covered;

17 To that above the door, even unto the inner house, and without, and by all the wall round about within and without, by measure.

18 And it was made with cherubims and palm trees, so that a palm tree was between a cherub and a cherub; and every cherub had two faces;

19 So that the face of a man was toward the palm tree on the one side, and the face of a young lion toward the palm tree on the other side: it was made through all the house round about.

20 From the ground unto above the door were cherubims and palm trees made, and on the wall of the temple.

21 The posts of the temple were squared, and the face of the sanctuary; the appearance of the one as the appearance of the other.

22 The altar of wood was three cubits high, and the length thereof two cubits; and the corners thereof, and the length thereof, and the walls thereof, were of wood: and he said unto me, This is the table that is before the LORD.

23 And the temple and the sanctuary had two doors.

24 And the doors had two leaves apiece, two turning leaves; two leaves for the one door, and two leaves for the other door.

25 And there were made on them, on the doors of the temple, cherubims and palm trees, like as were made upon the walls; and there were thick planks upon the face of the porch without.

26 And there were narrow windows and palm trees on the one side and on the other side, on the sides of the porch, and upon the side chambers of the house, and thick planks.

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G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 1. The temple. This plan of a temple, which was here shewn to the prophet in a vision, partly had relation to the material temple, which was to be rebuilt: and partly, in a mystical sense, to the spiritual temple of God, the Church of Christ. Ch. — The description seems grander than Solomon’s; and yet Zorobabel’s temple was meaner than his. Hence this prophecy, and those of Aggeus and Zacharias, cannot be understood of it, but of the Church. S. Jer. S. Aug. de Civ. Dei. xviii. 45. W.

Ver. 3. Front, or door-posts. The temple was 20 cubits broad.

Ver. 5. Four. Herein it differed from Solomon’s chambers, which were in breadth five, six, and seven cubits, in the three stories, respectively. C.

Ver. 6. One by another, or one over another: literally, side to side, or side upon side. Ch. — The word side is here equivocal, like Heb. tselá, sometimes denoting the boards, and at other times the apartments round the temple, except on the west, over against the sanctuary, which seems to be the case here. It is true, we shall not easily find sixty-six chambers. But the Heb. &c. have only thirty-three. C. — Villalpand rightly translated anterides, (v. 5.) but here he substitutes trabes, “beams or thick planks,” to make it agree with 3 K. vi. 6. as if the same temple were meant. He also adopts the Vulg. bis.Twice. Heb. pehamim. Yet he afterwards places in his commentary, pedes, “thirty-three feet, that is twenty-two cubits,” though feet are never used at all as a measure in Scripture. Houbigant.

Ver. 7. Broader, as the wall was not so thick. H. — Midst. The two staircases were round in the hollow of the wall, (M.) at the eastern end of the chambers. Jos. See 3 K. C.

Ver. 9. House. Because these side-chambers were in the very walls of the temple all around: or it may also be rendered, (more agreeably to the Heb.) so as to signify, that the thickness of the wall for the side-chambers within was the same as that of the wall without; that is, equally five cubits. Ch. — Prot. “and that which was left, was the place of the side-chambers that were within.” H. — To manifest a greater respect for God, the apartments of the priests were twenty-five cubits from the temple, (v. 10.) and divided by a wall, which Josephus describes as three cubits high. Ant. viii. 2. This wall was at the distance of five cubits from the temple. C.

Ver. 11. Prayer, or “separated;” munnach, (H.) the inner house, v. 9.

Ver. 13. Separate, different from that v. 9. (C. Heb. gizra. H.) between the temple and the priests’ apartments, which it may also designate, (C.) unless it (H.) mean the temple itself, which was divided from the rest, (M.) and set aside for prayer, &c. H.

Ver. 15. Galleries; Ethecas, or as the more correct MSS. of S. Jerom read, Ecthetas, seems to be formed from (C.) Heb. athikim, (H.) which S. Jerom explains a balcony, portico, or gallery.

Ver. 16. About. Thus he intimates the inner temple, which was covered with boards. — Windows. The temple was hidden so far by the chambers; or rather he measured (C.) “the ground and up to the windows, which were” shut up with lattices, affording light over the doors (H.) and apartments, fifteen cubits from the ground.

Ver. 18. Two. Before he describes them with four faces. But they varied, (Ex. xxv. 18.) or the other two might be against the wall. C. — The cherub signified “knowledge,” and the palm-tree victory, to shew that man must be instructed with divine knowledge, and so fight for the victory. The face of man implied that Christ would suffer, and that of a lion announced that he would overcome all his enemies. W.

Ver. 21. The threshold was four-square. That is, the gate of the temple was four-square, and so placed as to answer the gate of the sanctuary within. Ch. — It was not an arch, though not a perfect square. 3 K. vi. 34.

Ver. 22. Table, or altar of incense, larger than that of Moses. Ex. xxx. 1.

Ver. 23. Sanctuary. One folding door opened into it, the other into the temple.

Ver. 24. Other. It was not perhaps necessary to open the large door.

Ver. 26. Sides, (humerulis) or pilasters. Heb. “on the shoulder of the porch, and on the sides of the house, and beams.” C.