King James Bible
with Catholic Commentary by George Leo Haydock

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Ezekiel 28

The sentence against the prince or king of Tyre. (1-19) The fall of Zidon. (20-23) The restoration of Israel. (24-26)

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The sentence against the prince or king of Tyre

1 The word of the LORD came again unto me, saying,

2 Son of man, say unto the prince of Tyrus, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Because thine heart is lifted up, and thou hast said, I am a God, I sit in the seat of God, in the midst of the seas; yet thou art a man, and not God, though thou set thine heart as the heart of God:

3 Behold, thou art wiser than Daniel; there is no secret that they can hide from thee:

4 With thy wisdom and with thine understanding thou hast gotten thee riches, and hast gotten gold and silver into thy treasures:

5 By thy great wisdom and by thy traffick hast thou increased thy riches, and thine heart is lifted up because of thy riches:

6 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; Because thou hast set thine heart as the heart of God;

7 Behold, therefore I will bring strangers upon thee, the terrible of the nations: and they shall draw their swords against the beauty of thy wisdom, and they shall defile thy brightness.

8 They shall bring thee down to the pit, and thou shalt die the deaths of them that are slain in the midst of the seas.

9 Wilt thou yet say before him that slayeth thee, I am God? but thou shalt be a man, and no God, in the hand of him that slayeth thee.

10 Thou shalt die the deaths of the uncircumcised by the hand of strangers: for I have spoken it, saith the Lord GOD.

11 Moreover the word of the LORD came unto me, saying,

12 Son of man, take up a lamentation upon the king of Tyrus, and say unto him, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Thou sealest up the sum, full of wisdom, and perfect in beauty.

13 Thou hast been in Eden the garden of God; every precious stone was thy covering, the sardius, topaz, and the diamond, the beryl, the onyx, and the jasper, the sapphire, the emerald, and the carbuncle, and gold: the workmanship of thy tabrets and of thy pipes was prepared in thee in the day that thou wast created.

14 Thou art the anointed cherub that covereth; and I have set thee so: thou wast upon the holy mountain of God; thou hast walked up and down in the midst of the stones of fire.

15 Thou wast perfect in thy ways from the day that thou wast created, till iniquity was found in thee.

16 By the multitude of thy merchandise they have filled the midst of thee with violence, and thou hast sinned: therefore I will cast thee as profane out of the mountain of God: and I will destroy thee, O covering cherub, from the midst of the stones of fire.

17 Thine heart was lifted up because of thy beauty, thou hast corrupted thy wisdom by reason of thy brightness: I will cast thee to the ground, I will lay thee before kings, that they may behold thee.

18 Thou hast defiled thy sanctuaries by the multitude of thine iniquities, by the iniquity of thy traffick; therefore will I bring forth a fire from the midst of thee, it shall devour thee, and I will bring thee to ashes upon the earth in the sight of all them that behold thee.

19 All they that know thee among the people shall be astonished at thee: thou shalt be a terror, and never shalt thou be any more.

The fall of Zidon

20 Again the word of the LORD came unto me, saying,

21 Son of man, set thy face against Zidon, and prophesy against it,

22 And say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I am against thee, O Zidon; and I will be glorified in the midst of thee: and they shall know that I am the LORD, when I shall have executed judgments in her, and shall be sanctified in her.

23 For I will send into her pestilence, and blood into her streets; and the wounded shall be judged in the midst of her by the sword upon her on every side; and they shall know that I am the LORD.

The restoration of Israel

24 And there shall be no more a pricking brier unto the house of Israel, nor any grieving thorn of all that are round about them, that despised them; and they shall know that I am the Lord GOD.

25 Thus saith the Lord GOD; When I shall have gathered the house of Israel from the people among whom they are scattered, and shall be sanctified in them in the sight of the heathen, then shall they dwell in their land that I have given to my servant Jacob.

26 And they shall dwell safely therein, and shall build houses, and plant vineyards; yea, they shall dwell with confidence, when I have executed judgments upon all those that despise them round about them; and they shall know that I am the LORD their God.

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G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 2. Prince. The Jews say Hiram, (S. Jer.) supposing that he lived a thousand years; though this is not requisite, as he died only four hundred and thirty years before. The idea is childish. The king who was taken and slain, at this siege, was probably (C.) Ithobalos. Jos. Ant. x. 11. — Origen applies this to the angel guardian of Tyre. S. Aug. thinks an allusion is made to the fall of Lucifer. But it may all refer to the king, (C.) though others explain part of him and the rest of the devil. S. Jer. E.

Ver. 3. Than Daniel; viz. in thy own conceit. The wisdom of Daniel was so much celebrated in his days, that it became a proverb among the Chaldees, when any one would express an extraordinary wisdom, to say he was as wise as Daniel. Ch. W. — He was now at court, and had explained the dream of Nabuchodonosor. Dan. ii. 27.

Ver. 10. Uncircumcised. The Jews deemed this a disgrace. 1 K. xxxi. 4. The king would be exposed to eternal death, being devoid of faith, &c. C.

Ver. 12. Resemblance. The king of Tyre, by his dignity and his natural perfections, bore in himself a certain resemblance to God, by reason of which he might be called the seal of resemblance, &c. But what is here said to him is commonly understood of Lucifer, the king over all the children of pride. Ch. — A seal is perfect when it represents things exactly. The prophet speaks ironically, to repress the king’s vanity.

Ver. 13. Paradise. Thou hadst every thing delightful at Tyre. C. — Covering. Heb. “bandage;” diadem, (H.) or belt. Sept. specify twelve stones. See Ex. xxviii. 17. — Pipes; music used at the coronation, which was celebrated as a birth-day. C. — God give and withdraws power from all kings. As long as they act well, they are a sort of sanctuary. H.

Ver. 14. Stretched out. That is, thy wings extended. This alludes to the figure of the cherubims in the sanctuary, which with stretched out wings covered the ark, (Ch.) on the holy mountain. S. Jer. &c. — Fire. That is, bright and precious stones, which sparkle like fire. Ch. — With these the king’s robes glittered, or he walked upon them. Est. i. 6. C. — Calcacabatur onyx. Lucan x.

Ver. 15. Iniquity. Tyre was before wicked; but when the king pretended to be a god, (v. 2.) it could no longer be endured. W.

Ver. 17. Beauty. Riches have corrupted thy heart.

Ver. 18. Sanctuaries, or temples, which was a crime (C.) in an idolater, as he took them to be the temples of a real deity. H.

Ver. 22. Sidon. It gave rise to Tyre, yet was now inferior, though independent of it, (Is. xxiii. 4.) or subject to Egypt. Diod. ii. 2. — It was now pillaged.

Ver. 24. Bitterness. Jezabel came hence; (4 K. xvi. 31.) and the PhÅ“nicians hemmed in the Israelites as much as possible, and fought against them. C. — Sidon was near Tyre, and imitating her crimes was also punished.

Ver. 25. When. All shall praise God, seeing that he receives his people again after he has justly chastised them. W.