King James Bible
with Catholic Commentary by George Leo Haydock

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Ezekiel 27

The merchandise of Tyre. (1-25) Its fall and ruin. (26-36)

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The merchandise of Tyre

1 The word of the LORD came again unto me, saying,

2 Now, thou son of man, take up a lamentation for Tyrus;

3 And say unto Tyrus, O thou that art situate at the entry of the sea, which art a merchant of the people for many isles, Thus saith the Lord GOD; O Tyrus, thou hast said, I am of perfect beauty.

4 Thy borders are in the midst of the seas, thy builders have perfected thy beauty.

5 They have made all thy ship boards of fir trees of Senir: they have taken cedars from Lebanon to make masts for thee.

6 Of the oaks of Bashan have they made thine oars; the company of the Ashurites have made thy benches of ivory, brought out of the isles of Chittim.

7 Fine linen with broidered work from Egypt was that which thou spreadest forth to be thy sail; blue and purple from the isles of Elishah was that which covered thee.

8 The inhabitants of Zidon and Arvad were thy mariners: thy wise men, O Tyrus, that were in thee, were thy pilots.

9 The ancients of Gebal and the wise men thereof were in thee thy calkers: all the ships of the sea with their mariners were in thee to occupy thy merchandise.

10 They of Persia and of Lud and of Phut were in thine army, thy men of war: they hanged the shield and helmet in thee; they set forth thy comeliness.

11 The men of Arvad with thine army were upon thy walls round about, and the Gammadims were in thy towers: they hanged their shields upon thy walls round about; they have made thy beauty perfect.

12 Tarshish was thy merchant by reason of the multitude of all kind of riches; with silver, iron, tin, and lead, they traded in thy fairs.

13 Javan, Tubal, and Meshech, they were thy merchants: they traded the persons of men and vessels of brass in thy market.

14 They of the house of Togarmah traded in thy fairs with horses and horsemen and mules.

15 The men of Dedan were thy merchants; many isles were the merchandise of thine hand: they brought thee for a present horns of ivory and ebony.

16 Syria was thy merchant by reason of the multitude of the wares of thy making: they occupied in thy fairs with emeralds, purple, and broidered work, and fine linen, and coral, and agate.

17 Judah, and the land of Israel, they were thy merchants: they traded in thy market wheat of Minnith, and Pannag, and honey, and oil, and balm.

18 Damascus was thy merchant in the multitude of the wares of thy making, for the multitude of all riches; in the wine of Helbon, and white wool.

19 Dan also and Javan going to and fro occupied in thy fairs: bright iron, cassia, and calamus, were in thy market.

20 Dedan was thy merchant in precious clothes for chariots.

21 Arabia, and all the princes of Kedar, they occupied with thee in lambs, and rams, and goats: in these were they thy merchants.

22 The merchants of Sheba and Raamah, they were thy merchants: they occupied in thy fairs with chief of all spices, and with all precious stones, and gold.

23 Haran, and Canneh, and Eden, the merchants of Sheba, Asshur, and Chilmad, were thy merchants.

24 These were thy merchants in all sorts of things, in blue clothes, and broidered work, and in chests of rich apparel, bound with cords, and made of cedar, among thy merchandise.

25 The ships of Tarshish did sing of thee in thy market: and thou wast replenished, and made very glorious in the midst of the seas.

Its fall and ruin

26 Thy rowers have brought thee into great waters: the east wind hath broken thee in the midst of the seas.

27 Thy riches, and thy fairs, thy merchandise, thy mariners, and thy pilots, thy calkers, and the occupiers of thy merchandise, and all thy men of war, that are in thee, and in all thy company which is in the midst of thee, shall fall into the midst of the seas in the day of thy ruin.

28 The suburbs shall shake at the sound of the cry of thy pilots.

29 And all that handle the oar, the mariners, and all the pilots of the sea, shall come down from their ships, they shall stand upon the land;

30 And shall cause their voice to be heard against thee, and shall cry bitterly, and shall cast up dust upon their heads, they shall wallow themselves in the ashes:

31 And they shall make themselves utterly bald for thee, and gird them with sackcloth, and they shall weep for thee with bitterness of heart and bitter wailing.

32 And in their wailing they shall take up a lamentation for thee, and lament over thee, saying, What city is like Tyrus, like the destroyed in the midst of the sea?

33 When thy wares went forth out of the seas, thou filledst many people; thou didst enrich the kings of the earth with the multitude of thy riches and of thy merchandise.

34 In the time when thou shalt be broken by the seas in the depths of the waters thy merchandise and all thy company in the midst of thee shall fall.

35 All the inhabitants of the isles shall be astonished at thee, and their kings shall be sore afraid, they shall be troubled in their countenance.

36 The merchants among the people shall hiss at thee; thou shalt be a terror, and never shalt be any more.

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G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 2. Lamentation. Such canticles were usual, and very poetical.

Ver. 3. Entry, whence merchants may proceed from an excellent harbour to any place.

Ver. 4. Neighbours of Sidon. Jos. xix. 29. C. — Sept. “thy children.” Prot. “thy builders.” H. — The description of the Tyrian grandeur, shews their more woeful ruin. W.

Ver. 5. Thee. Heb. “all thy ship-boards.” Sept. Prot. H. — S. Jerom has divided (C.) leuthim, “decks of the sea,” as yam denotes the sea. H.

Ver. 6. Benches. Sept. “temples.” — Italy. Heb. Cetim. Macedonia. Boch. C. — All distant places were styled islands, (H.) when they went by water to them.

Ver. 7. Linen. Cotton, (Ex. xxv. 4.) used for standards. Sept. “for bed coverlets,” or for sails. — Mast. Cleopatra and Caligula were still more sumptuous in their sails. — Elisa, or Elis, famous for purple: yet Tyre was more so.

Ver. 8. Aradians. Sidon and Arad were then subject to Tyre, and supplied rowers. — Pilots. They studied no other science.

Ver. 9. Gebal. Sept. “Biblos,” which is the same. 3 K. v. 18. — Furnished. Heb. “were in thee to repair thy breaches.” Sept. “strengthened thy designs.”

Ver. 10. Lybians. Heb. “Phut.” They had been expelled by the Cyreneans. Tyre had in her pay the most warlike nations of Persia, &c. Cyrus soon after shook off the yoke of the Medes, and conquered the Lydians. — Hung up. v. 11. This was very usual. Cant. iv. 4. Is. xxii. 8. C.

Ver. 11. The Pygmeans. That is, strong and valiant men. In Heb. Gammadim. Ch. — He does not speak of those fabulous men hardly a cubit high. Gomed signifying a “cubit,” has caused them to be styled so here. Sept. “guards;” or Sym. “Medes.” Ezechiel (xxxviii. 6.) speaks of the Gomerim.

Ver. 12. Carthaginians. Heb. “Tharsis,” in Cilicia; (Gen. x. 4. C.) or distant merchants, who came by sea. H.

Ver. 13. Slaves. Those from Greece were much esteemed. C. — Alas! thirty thousand Tyrians were themselves thus sold by Alexander! H.

Ver. 14. Horses. Those of Sarmatia (C.) were in high repute. Pliny viii. 42.

Ver. 15. Dedan. Sept. “Rhodians;” or rather Arabs are meant. v. 20. They might receive ivory from Ethiopia. — Teeth. Heb. “horns or tusks,” which the elephant casts every year. The ivory is less brittle. 3 K. x. 18. C. — Ebony; a hard black wood, like horn. Bochart.

Ver. 16. Syrian: always much addicted to commerce. S. Jer. — Sept. read Adam for Aram, as if the traffic in men was meant: (C.) “ivory, and to those who brought, thou gavest thy rewards. (16) Men of thy traffic,” &c. H. — Linen. Heb. buts, “silk” extracted from the pinna fish. 1 Par. xv. 27. Silk. Heb. ramoth, may rather denote unicorns. Job xxviii. 18. C. — Chodchod. It is the Hebrew name for some precious stone, but of what kind in particular, interpreters are not agreed. Ch. — Some say the carbuncle, &c. S. Jerom renders it the jasper. Is. liv. 12. W. — Here he confesses he knows not the meaning. C.

Ver. 17. Rosin. Our version generally renders this, balm. H. — It was much used to heal. Jer. viii. 22. Gen. xxxvii. 25.

Ver. 18. Rich. Heb. Chelbon; perhaps the city Chelba. Jud. i. 31. The kings of Persia used this wine, and planted vines at Damascus on purpose.

Ver. 19. Dan: the citizens of Peneas, the tribe of Dan was in captivity. Grotius places these nations in Zeilan, (C.) or Ceylon. H.

Ver. 20. Seats, such as the Turks still use, or to throw over horses instead of saddles.

Ver. 23. Haran, or Charæ, famous for the residence of Abraham and the defeat of Crassus. — Eden, the province where Paradise was situated.

Ver. 24. Cords, in boxes, which had then no locks.

Ver. 25. Sea. Heb. Tharsis, in Cilicia; or large, and fit for long voyages. Thine were the best. C.

Ver. 26. South. Heb. kodim, (H.) “eastern,” or rather “burning,” here means Nabuchodonosor, who came from the north, (C. xxvi. 7. C.) or east. The fall of Tyre is described as a shipwreck. H.

Ver. 30. Ashes. They followed the same customs as the Jews. C. — The latter were ordered to avoid cutting the hair, like them; yet did so. Deut. xiv. Is. xxii. 22. W.

Ver. 36. Hissed, through pity and astonishment. C.