King James Bible
with Catholic Commentary by George Leo Haydock

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Ezekiel 26

A prophecy against Tyre.

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A prophecy against Tyre

1 And it came to pass in the eleventh year, in the first day of the month, that the word of the LORD came unto me, saying,

2 Son of man, because that Tyrus hath said against Jerusalem, Aha, she is broken that was the gates of the people: she is turned unto me: I shall be replenished, now she is laid waste:

3 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I am against thee, O Tyrus, and will cause many nations to come up against thee, as the sea causeth his waves to come up.

4 And they shall destroy the walls of Tyrus, and break down her towers: I will also scrape her dust from her, and make her like the top of a rock.

5 It shall be a place for the spreading of nets in the midst of the sea: for I have spoken it, saith the Lord GOD: and it shall become a spoil to the nations.

6 And her daughters which are in the field shall be slain by the sword; and they shall know that I am the LORD.

7 For thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I will bring upon Tyrus Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon, a king of kings, from the north, with horses, and with chariots, and with horsemen, and companies, and much people.

8 He shall slay with the sword thy daughters in the field: and he shall make a fort against thee, and cast a mount against thee, and lift up the buckler against thee.

9 And he shall set engines of war against thy walls, and with his axes he shall break down thy towers.

10 By reason of the abundance of his horses their dust shall cover thee: thy walls shall shake at the noise of the horsemen, and of the wheels, and of the chariots, when he shall enter into thy gates, as men enter into a city wherein is made a breach.

11 With the hoofs of his horses shall he tread down all thy streets: he shall slay thy people by the sword, and thy strong garrisons shall go down to the ground.

12 And they shall make a spoil of thy riches, and make a prey of thy merchandise: and they shall break down thy walls, and destroy thy pleasant houses: and they shall lay thy stones and thy timber and thy dust in the midst of the water.

13 And I will cause the noise of thy songs to cease; and the sound of thy harps shall be no more heard.

14 And I will make thee like the top of a rock: thou shalt be a place to spread nets upon; thou shalt be built no more: for I the LORD have spoken it, saith the Lord GOD.

15 Thus saith the Lord GOD to Tyrus; Shall not the isles shake at the sound of thy fall, when the wounded cry, when the slaughter is made in the midst of thee?

16 Then all the princes of the sea shall come down from their thrones, and lay away their robes, and put off their broidered garments: they shall clothe themselves with trembling; they shall sit upon the ground, and shall tremble at every moment, and be astonished at thee.

17 And they shall take up a lamentation for thee, and say to thee, How art thou destroyed, that wast inhabited of seafaring men, the renowned city, which wast strong in the sea, she and her inhabitants, which cause their terror to be on all that haunt it!

18 Now shall the isles tremble in the day of thy fall; yea, the isles that are in the sea shall be troubled at thy departure.

19 For thus saith the Lord GOD; When I shall make thee a desolate city, like the cities that are not inhabited; when I shall bring up the deep upon thee, and great waters shall cover thee;

20 When I shall bring thee down with them that descend into the pit, with the people of old time, and shall set thee in the low parts of the earth, in places desolate of old, with them that go down to the pit, that thou be not inhabited; and I shall set glory in the land of the living;

21 I will make thee a terror, and thou shalt be no more: though thou be sought for, yet shalt thou never be found again, saith the Lord GOD.

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G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 1. Year of the prophet’s captivity. H. — He still dates from the transmigration of Joachin. C. i. &c. W. — Some think he speaks of the first, fourth, or fifth month. Tyre was not besieged till after the ninth day of the fourth month, when Jerusalem was taken; nor could she express her joy for that event before, unless God allude to her dispositions, &c. C. xxv. 1. C.

Ver. 2. Gates: places of resort and commerce. The Jews came to Jerusalem frequently from all parts, which increased her beauty and trade. New Tyre expects that more will come to her.

Ver. 3. Up. Nabuchodonosor besieged the city for thirteen years. The profane historians read by S. Jerom took no notice of this; but Josephus quotes several. An. x. 11. and c. Ap. i. C.

Ver. 4. Dust. She shall be demolished, and the rubbish thrown into the sea, to make a road by which New Tyre in the island might be attacked. v. 12. H.

Ver. 5. Sea. S. Jerom explains this of New Tyre; Marsham of the Old. To reconcile the different texts, we only need to suppose that both cities were connected by a road thrown up in the sea by Hiram, and repaired by Nabuchodonosor with great labour, (C. xxix. 18.) after it had been destroyed by the inhabitants of New Tyre, when they saw the old city on the continent fall a prey. S. Jer. C.

Ver. 7. Kings: Nabuchodonosor (4 K. xxv. 28.) or Alexander, who took Tyre. M.

Ver. 8. Daughters. Many towns were subject to Tyre: almost all PhÅ“nicia acknowledged her dominion, as well as (C.) the seas to which her fleets went. v. 15. Selden. Mare i. 6. Curt. iv. — These smaller cities shall fall, and the town shall be of no service except to dry nets. W.

Ver. 9. Engines. Lit. “vine.” H. — A covert was thus made for the soldiers, (Veget. iv. 15.) when they approached the walls. M.

Ver. 10. Destroyed. Old Tyre was taken by storm. It is doubtful whether it was pillaged. C. xxix. 18. C.

Ver. 11. Statues. The citizens chained the golden statue of Apollo to the altar of Hercules, for fear of its leaving them, when Alexander attacked the town. Curt. iv. — Hiram placed a pillar of gold in the temple of Hercules. Jos. C. Ap. i. — Herodotus (ii. 44.) saw another also of emerald stone, (smaragdon) which illuminated the temple in the night. On such the Tyrian might depend; though some render, “the substance or guard of thy strength,” denoting the soldiers (C.) and towers. H. — The gods were treated like the people, and their precious ornaments plundered.

Ver. 14. More, for seventy years. Is. xxiii. 15. The people returned at the same time as the Jews. A. 3468. Soon after, Zacharias (C. ix.) speaks of Tyre as then subsisting. It was very strong in Alexander’s time, (who took it with difficulty, as Antigonus did eighteen years later) and had a very extensive commerce when S. Jerom wrote. But all this must be understood of New Tyre. The old city never regained much splendour. C. — It is still in ruins. A modern traveller was struck with the completion of this prophecy, beholding a few miserable fishermen drying their nets on the spot!

Ver. 16. Sea: colonies, or tributary to Tyre. v. 8. H. — Leptis, Utica, Carthage,and Cadiz, were founded by Tyrians. Pliny v. 19. — Some pretend that these cities were attacked by the conquerors, for manifesting their grief. See Jos. Ant. x. Pineda, &c. — But we shall not here follow conjectures. — Astonishment. Heb. “troubles,” or mourning. C.

Ver. 17. Dwellest in. Heb. “of the seas.” Prot. “seafaring men,” (H.) being near the sea, or thence deriving thy riches.

Ver. 18. Because. Heb. “at thy departure.” C. — Sept. “into captivity.” S. Jer.

Ver. 19. Waters; great armies, (v. 3.) or when thou art in the regions below. Job xxvi. 5. C. — Tyre was humbled for her pride, but restored after seventy years. Is. xxiii. Our Saviour retired into those parts. Mat. xv. 21. W.

Ver. 20. Everlasting: in the grave, till the day of judgment. Ps. xlviii. 12. Wisd. xii. 5. — Living, assigned to Israel, (C. xxxii. 24. C.) where holy people adore the true God, and shall rise to life eternal. M.

Ver. 21. For ever: for a long time, (Theod.) not at all in thy ancient glory. H. — The city subsisted after the days of Nabuchodonosor and of Alexander. C. v. 14. — But the ancient city was reduced to a mere nothing. H.