King James Bible
with Catholic Commentary by George Leo Haydock

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Ezekiel 19

A parable lamenting the ruin of Jehoahaz and Jehoiakim. (1-9) Another describing the desolation of the people. (10-14)

Ezekiel 19 Audio:

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A parable lamenting the ruin of Jehoahaz and Jehoiakim

1 Moreover take thou up a lamentation for the princes of Israel,

2 And say, What is thy mother? A lioness: she lay down among lions, she nourished her whelps among young lions.

3 And she brought up one of her whelps: it became a young lion, and it learned to catch the prey; it devoured men.

4 The nations also heard of him; he was taken in their pit, and they brought him with chains unto the land of Egypt.

5 Now when she saw that she had waited, and her hope was lost, then she took another of her whelps, and made him a young lion.

6 And he went up and down among the lions, he became a young lion, and learned to catch the prey, and devoured men.

7 And he knew their desolate palaces, and he laid waste their cities; and the land was desolate, and the fulness thereof, by the noise of his roaring.

8 Then the nations set against him on every side from the provinces, and spread their net over him: he was taken in their pit.

9 And they put him in ward in chains, and brought him to the king of Babylon: they brought him into holds, that his voice should no more be heard upon the mountains of Israel.

Another describing the desolation of the people

10 Thy mother is like a vine in thy blood, planted by the waters: she was fruitful and full of branches by reason of many waters.

11 And she had strong rods for the sceptres of them that bare rule, and her stature was exalted among the thick branches, and she appeared in her height with the multitude of her branches.

12 But she was plucked up in fury, she was cast down to the ground, and the east wind dried up her fruit: her strong rods were broken and withered; the fire consumed them.

13 And now she is planted in the wilderness, in a dry and thirsty ground.

14 And fire is gone out of a rod of her branches, which hath devoured her fruit, so that she hath no strong rod to be a sceptre to rule. This is a lamentation, and shall be for a lamentation.

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G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 1. Princes: sons of Josias, who were so wretched. The latter part of this beautiful canticle, or allegory, (v. 10.) regards Sedecias. C.

Ver. 2. Lioness; Jerusalem (Ch.) which made alliances with the lions, or nations. C.

Ver. 3. Whelps; Joachaz, or Sellum, (Ch.) who reigned only three months, like his brother Jechonias. H. — The four last kings were all cruel. W.

Ver. 4. But. Heb. “he was taken in their pit,” (Prot. H.) as also v. 8. Sept. “in his or their corruption.” We do not read that Joachaz fought, (C.) though this passage insinuates as much. Sanct. 4 K. xxiii. 30. &c.

Ver. 5. Lions: Joakim. Ch. — He reigned eleven years; but was such a monster, that the prophet does not speak of him or bewail his fate. 4 K. xxiii. 34. Jer. xxii. 19. His words are applicable to Jechonias alone; who was cruel and banished to Babylon. v. 8. C.

Ver. 8. Nations: rovers of Chaldea, Syria, &c. 4 K. xxiv. 2. W. — Wounds. Heb. “pit.” He was besieged, (4 K. xxiv. 11. C.) and gave himself up. H.

Ver. 10. Blood. She has given birth to many kings. M. — The original may be inaccurate, and perhaps should be, “a vine-tree or branch:” (C.) cormoc instead of bedammecha. Sept. read kerimmon, “like a rose-flower,” planted, &c. H. — He speaks of Sedecias more obscurely. C. — The kingdom had flourished under David and Solomon. It afterwards lost its splendour under wicked kings, and all the tribes were removed. W.

Ver. 11. Rods. The king had many children, and confided in them, but they were slain.

Ver. 13. Dry; unfit for vine-trees. He speaks of the prison of Babylon. C. — The country was naturally wet. H.

Ver. 14. Fire. Ismael, who slew Godolias, was of the royal family. Jer. xli. &c. C.