King James Bible
with Catholic Commentary by George Leo Haydock

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Exodus 6

God renews his promise. (1-9) Moses and Aaron again sent to Pharaoh. (10-13) The parentage of Moses and Aaron. (14-30)

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God renews his promise

1 Then the LORD said unto Moses, Now shalt thou see what I will do to Pharaoh: for with a strong hand shall he let them go, and with a strong hand shall he drive them out of his land.

2 And God spake unto Moses, and said unto him, I am the LORD:

3 And I appeared unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, by the name of God Almighty, but by my name JEHOVAH was I not known to them.

4 And I have also established my covenant with them, to give them the land of Canaan, the land of their pilgrimage, wherein they were strangers.

5 And I have also heard the groaning of the children of Israel, whom the Egyptians keep in bondage; and I have remembered my covenant.

6 Wherefore say unto the children of Israel, I am the LORD, and I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians, and I will rid you out of their bondage, and I will redeem you with a stretched out arm, and with great judgments:

7 And I will take you to me for a people, and I will be to you a God: and ye shall know that I am the LORD your God, which bringeth you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians.

8 And I will bring you in unto the land, concerning the which I did swear to give it to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob; and I will give it you for an heritage: I am the LORD.

9 And Moses spake so unto the children of Israel: but they hearkened not unto Moses for anguish of spirit, and for cruel bondage.

Moses and Aaron again sent to Pharaoh

10 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,

11 Go in, speak unto Pharaoh king of Egypt, that he let the children of Israel go out of his land.

12 And Moses spake before the LORD, saying, Behold, the children of Israel have not hearkened unto me; how then shall Pharaoh hear me, who am of uncircumcised lips?

13 And the LORD spake unto Moses and unto Aaron, and gave them a charge unto the children of Israel, and unto Pharaoh king of Egypt, to bring the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt.

The parentage of Moses and Aaron

14 These be the heads of their fathers’ houses: The sons of Reuben the firstborn of Israel; Hanoch, and Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi: these be the families of Reuben.

15 And the sons of Simeon; Jemuel, and Jamin, and Ohad, and Jachin, and Zohar, and Shaul the son of a Canaanitish woman: these are the families of Simeon.

16 And these are the names of the sons of Levi according to their generations; Gershon, and Kohath, and Merari: and the years of the life of Levi were an hundred thirty and seven years.

17 The sons of Gershon; Libni, and Shimi, according to their families.

18 And the sons of Kohath; Amram, and Izhar, and Hebron, and Uzziel: and the years of the life of Kohath were an hundred thirty and three years.

19 And the sons of Merari; Mahali and Mushi: these are the families of Levi according to their generations.

20 And Amram took him Jochebed his father’s sister to wife; and she bare him Aaron and Moses: and the years of the life of Amram were an hundred and thirty and seven years.

21 And the sons of Izhar; Korah, and Nepheg, and Zichri.

22 And the sons of Uzziel; Mishael, and Elzaphan, and Zithri.

23 And Aaron took him Elisheba, daughter of Amminadab, sister of Naashon, to wife; and she bare him Nadab, and Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar.

24 And the sons of Korah; Assir, and Elkanah, and Abiasaph: these are the families of the Korhites.

25 And Eleazar Aaron’s son took him one of the daughters of Putiel to wife; and she bare him Phinehas: these are the heads of the fathers of the Levites according to their families.

26 These are that Aaron and Moses, to whom the LORD said, Bring out the children of Israel from the land of Egypt according to their armies.

27 These are they which spake to Pharaoh king of Egypt, to bring out the children of Israel from Egypt: these are that Moses and Aaron.

28 And it came to pass on the day when the LORD spake unto Moses in the land of Egypt,

29 That the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, I am the LORD: speak thou unto Pharaoh king of Egypt all that I say unto thee.

30 And Moses said before the LORD, Behold, I am of uncircumcised lips, and how shall Pharaoh hearken unto me?

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G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 1. Said, in answer to his prayer. — Cast out, so eager he will be to have you dismissed, after he has repeatedly felt my hand. C. iii. 19. H.

Ver. 3. My name Adonai. The name which is in the Hebrew text, is that most proper name of God, which signifieth his eternal self-existent being, (Exod. iii. 14,) which the Jews, out of reverence, never pronounce; but instead of it, whenever it occurs in the Bible, they read Adonai, which signifies the Lord; and therefore they put the points or vowels, which belong to the name Adonai, to the four letters of that other ineffable name, Jod, He, Vau, He. Hence some moderns have framed the name Jehovah: unknown to all the ancients, whether Jews or Christians: for the true pronunciation of the name, which is in the Hebrew text, by long disuse, is now quite lost. Ch. — This name was first clearly revealed to Moses, that he might have confidence in his special protection and love. M. — To know one by his name is to treat him with familiarity and distinction. Ex. xxxiii. 17. The pronunciation of the name of God might be known to Abraham, &c. but it was not so fully explained, nor the power and excellence of it declared in such a stupendous manner, as it was to Moses. D. — Or perhaps Moses made use of this name in the history of the patriarchs, because he wrote his account of them after this revelation. C. — The Sept. always put Kurios, “the Lord,” instead of the ineffable name; and our Saviour and his apostles, citing text where it occurs, follow their example. Mat. iv. 7. 10. Rom. xv. 11. W. — Philo informs us, that it was death to pronounce it out of the temple, and since that was destroyed, it has never been heard. C. — Galatinus, who wrote in 1518, is supposed to have invented the word Jehovah, (see Amama Antib. p. 319,) the year after the pretended reformation began. H. — S. Jerom (ep. 136 ad Marc.) explains the ten names of God, but never reads Jehovah. T.

Ver. 7. God, Elohim, who will pass sentence in your favour, as a just judge. M.

Ver. 8. Hand; swearing. C. xiv. 22. 2 Esd. ix. 15.

Ver. 9. Anguish: Sept. “pusillanimity.” They would not even hope for a change. M. — The Samaritan copy records the speech which they made to Moses. Kennicott, p. 313.

Ver. 12. Uncircumcised lips. So he calls the defect he had in his words, or utterance. Ch. — The Hebrews call the heart, &c. uncircumcised, when it has any natural or moral defect. Acts vii. 15. T. — “I do not speak the language in its purity.” Sym. “I express my sentiments with difficulty.” C. iv. 10. Onkelos.

Ver. 14. These. From this place to v. 26, is written in a kind of parentheses: the remainder of the chapter is a recapitulation of what had been said. C. — Moses intends to give his own genealogy, and the state of affairs when he began to afflict Egypt. H. — He mentions three tribes, which Jacob had rebuked, lest any one might think they had forfeited their title to some distinctive tribes. M.

Ver. 16. Levi died the last of his brethren, and Joseph the first. W.

Ver. 20. Aunt: Heb. Doda is applied to various degrees of kindred. The Chaldeee says, Jochabed was daughter of Amram’s sister, the Sept. assert of his brother, and consequently his own cousin. But she might be his aunt. C. ii. 1. C.

Ver. 23. Nahason, prince of the tribe of Juda. Num. i. 7. Observe the modesty of Moses, who passes over his own family almost in silence. M.

Ver. 26. Aaron is sometimes placed first, as the elder; sometimes last, as inferior in dignity, v. 27. — Companies, or bands, in order of battle. C. xiii. 18. C.