King James Bible
with Catholic Commentary by George Leo Haydock

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Exodus 5

Pharaoh’s displeasure, He increases the tasks of the Israelites. (1-9) The sufferings of the Israelites, Moses’ complaint to God. (10-23)

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Pharaoh’s displeasure, He increases the tasks of the Israelites

1 And afterward Moses and Aaron went in, and told Pharaoh, Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, Let my people go, that they may hold a feast unto me in the wilderness.

2 And Pharaoh said, Who is the LORD, that I should obey his voice to let Israel go? I know not the LORD, neither will I let Israel go.

3 And they said, The God of the Hebrews hath met with us: let us go, we pray thee, three days’ journey into the desert, and sacrifice unto the LORD our God; lest he fall upon us with pestilence, or with the sword.

4 And the king of Egypt said unto them, Wherefore do ye, Moses and Aaron, let the people from their works? get you unto your burdens.

5 And Pharaoh said, Behold, the people of the land now are many, and ye make them rest from their burdens.

6 And Pharaoh commanded the same day the taskmasters of the people, and their officers, saying,

7 Ye shall no more give the people straw to make brick, as heretofore: let them go and gather straw for themselves.

8 And the tale of the bricks, which they did make heretofore, ye shall lay upon them; ye shall not diminish ought thereof: for they be idle; therefore they cry, saying, Let us go and sacrifice to our God.

9 Let there more work be laid upon the men, that they may labour therein; and let them not regard vain words.

The sufferings of the Israelites, Moses’ complaint to God

10 And the taskmasters of the people went out, and their officers, and they spake to the people, saying, Thus saith Pharaoh, I will not give you straw.

11 Go ye, get you straw where ye can find it: yet not ought of your work shall be diminished.

12 So the people were scattered abroad throughout all the land of Egypt to gather stubble instead of straw.

13 And the taskmasters hasted them, saying, Fulfil your works, your daily tasks, as when there was straw.

14 And the officers of the children of Israel, which Pharaoh’s taskmasters had set over them, were beaten, and demanded, Wherefore have ye not fulfilled your task in making brick both yesterday and to day, as heretofore?

15 Then the officers of the children of Israel came and cried unto Pharaoh, saying, Wherefore dealest thou thus with thy servants?

16 There is no straw given unto thy servants, and they say to us, Make brick: and, behold, thy servants are beaten; but the fault is in thine own people.

17 But he said, Ye are idle, ye are idle: therefore ye say, Let us go and do sacrifice to the LORD.

18 Go therefore now, and work; for there shall no straw be given you, yet shall ye deliver the tale of bricks.

19 And the officers of the children of Israel did see that they were in evil case, after it was said, Ye shall not minish ought from your bricks of your daily task.

20 And they met Moses and Aaron, who stood in the way, as they came forth from Pharaoh:

21 And they said unto them, The LORD look upon you, and judge; because ye have made our savour to be abhorred in the eyes of Pharaoh, and in the eyes of his servants, to put a sword in their hand to slay us.

22 And Moses returned unto the LORD, and said, LORD, wherefore hast thou so evil entreated this people? why is it that thou hast sent me?

23 For since I came to Pharaoh to speak in thy name, he hath done evil to this people; neither hast thou delivered thy people at all.

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G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 1. Went in alone. Aaron was substituted instead of the ancients, chap. iii. 16. — Pharao Amasis, Cenchres, or Amenophis. Usher. — Sacrifice, which is the principal part of a religious festival. M.

Ver. 2. The Lord. Is there anyone above me?

Ver. 3. Upon us. They include themselves in the common danger, in case of disobedience; and they admonish the king respectfully, that there is no resisting the God of the Hebrews with impunity.

Ver. 4. Get you. He knew not that Moses had been so long absent; and if he had known, he would not probably have treated him more mildly. H.

Ver. 5. Increased, the edict against children being abrogated. M. — He insists upon their labour being so intense and toilsome, as to thin their ranks.

Ver. 6. Overseers, natives of Egypt, who had under them some Hebrews for task-masters, as the people were more willing to obey them, v. 14.

Ver. 7. Straw, beaten small and mixed with clay, to make brick and mortar. See Ezec. xiii. 11. 15. Chardin, Perse ii. p. 76.

Ver. 8. Idle. Thus the impious speak of those who consecrate any part of their time to the service of God: and thus Protestants often condemn the holy-days prescribed by the Catholic Church!

Ver. 9. Lying words, alluding to the proposals of Moses. H. — Let them not spend their time in idle conversation. C.

Ver. 12. Straw. While some continued at the works, (M.) others went about the fields to gather up every grain of chaff and piece of straw which they could find.

Ver. 14. And they, the officers of the children of Israel, established over their brethren, as the Heb. more clearly insinuates, were scourged, or bastinadoed on the soles of the feet, as smaller faults are commonly punished in the East; (C.) or they were beaten also with rods, v. 16. H.

Ver. 16. Withal. Heb. “the fault is in thy own people,” who require impossibilities. C. — They throw the blame upon the king’s officers, (M.) though it was his own. H.

Ver. 21. Kill us. You are the occasion of our more cruel treatment. You have made the king have a bad opinion of us. Heb. “you have made our savour to be abhorred in the eyes of Pharao.” So Jacob said, (Gen. xxxiv. 30,) you have made me stink or become odious. Those who attempt to do a kindness, unsuccessfully, often experience a similar ingratitude. C. xiv. 11. M. It does not appear from the original, whether the officers or Moses was coming from the king’s presence. They met in some appointed place. C.

Ver. 22. Wherefore. These are not words of anger, but of earnest prayer. S. Aug. q. 14. Moses does not attempt to satisfy the exasperated officers, but commits the whole to God. M. — In great undertakings, there are commonly many difficulties; which ought not to discourage us. T.