King James Bible
with Catholic Commentary by George Leo Haydock

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Exodus 31

Bezaleel and Aholiab are appointed and qualified for the work of the tabernacle. (1-11) The observance of the sabbath. (12-17) Moses receives the tables of the law. (18)

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Bezaleel and Aholiab are appointed and qualified for the work of the tabernacle

1 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,

2 See, I have called by name Bezaleel the son of Uri, the son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah:

3 And I have filled him with the spirit of God, in wisdom, and in understanding, and in knowledge, and in all manner of workmanship,

4 To devise cunning works, to work in gold, and in silver, and in brass,

5 And in cutting of stones, to set them, and in carving of timber, to work in all manner of workmanship.

6 And I, behold, I have given with him Aholiab, the son of Ahisamach, of the tribe of Dan: and in the hearts of all that are wise hearted I have put wisdom, that they may make all that I have commanded thee;

7 The tabernacle of the congregation, and the ark of the testimony, and the mercy seat that is thereupon, and all the furniture of the tabernacle,

8 And the table and his furniture, and the pure candlestick with all his furniture, and the altar of incense,

9 And the altar of burnt offering with all his furniture, and the laver and his foot,

10 And the cloths of service, and the holy garments for Aaron the priest, and the garments of his sons, to minister in the priest’s office,

11 And the anointing oil, and sweet incense for the holy place: according to all that I have commanded thee shall they do.

The observance of the sabbath

12 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,

13 Speak thou also unto the children of Israel, saying, Verily my sabbaths ye shall keep: for it is a sign between me and you throughout your generations; that ye may know that I am the LORD that doth sanctify you.

14 Ye shall keep the sabbath therefore; for it is holy unto you: every one that defileth it shall surely be put to death: for whosoever doeth any work therein, that soul shall be cut off from among his people.

15 Six days may work be done; but in the seventh is the sabbath of rest, holy to the LORD: whosoever doeth any work in the sabbath day, he shall surely be put to death.

16 Wherefore the children of Israel shall keep the sabbath, to observe the sabbath throughout their generations, for a perpetual covenant.

17 It is a sign between me and the children of Israel for ever: for in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, and on the seventh day he rested, and was refreshed.

Moses receives the tables of the law

18 And he gave unto Moses, when he had made an end of communing with him upon mount Sinai, two tables of testimony, tables of stone, written with the finger of God.

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G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 2. By name. I have fixed upon and taken into my service, as Is. xliii. 1.

Ver. 3. Spirit. “God, our master, causeth our genius to shew itself.” Senec. Ben. iv. 4.

Ver. 4. Brass. Sept. add, “and violet, and purple, and scarlet spun, and byssus twisted.”

Ver. 5. Marble and (or) precious stones. Marble was not used in the tabernacle. C.

Ver. 6. Wisdom. Good artists deserve this title, provided they make things of real use. Orig. hom. 22. Num.

Ver. 7. Vessels. Tables, curtains, &c. C.

Ver. 8. Table and (all) the. The Sam. copy retains the word col, “all,” as well as the Sam. Sept. Syr. and Arab. versions, and one Heb. MS. though the printed editions have rejected it. In a Chaldaic MS. it is also found. The omission, probably was occasioned by the custom of the Jews, who always fill up their lines with the initial letters of the next line; and as coliu followed, the transcriber supposed that col was in that predicament. Ken. dis. 2. — Most pure gold, always giving light, or kept clean. C. xxxix. 37.

Ver. 13. Sabbath. Let not the workmen do any thing for the tabernacle on that day. M. — God reiterates and insists particularly on this commandment, which begins with the word remember; because men are so apt to forget, or to transgress a precept, which seems to interfere with those worldly concerns and profits, which they love more than God and their own souls. H.

Ver. 18. Testimony, to inform men of their duty. — Written, not by Moses, or by any man, but by God himself, or by an angel. C. xxxiv. 1. Gal. iii. 19. C.