King James Bible
with Catholic Commentary by George Leo Haydock

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2 Kings 24

Jehoiakim subdued by Nebuchadnezzar. (1-7) Jehoiachim captive in Babylon. (8-20)

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Jehoiakim subdued by Nebuchadnezzar

1 In his days Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came up, and Jehoiakim became his servant three years: then he turned and rebelled against him.

2 And the LORD sent against him bands of the Chaldees, and bands of the Syrians, and bands of the Moabites, and bands of the children of Ammon, and sent them against Judah to destroy it, according to the word of the LORD, which he spake by his servants the prophets.

3 Surely at the commandment of the LORD came this upon Judah, to remove them out of his sight, for the sins of Manasseh, according to all that he did;

4 And also for the innocent blood that he shed: for he filled Jerusalem with innocent blood; which the LORD would not pardon.

5 Now the rest of the acts of Jehoiakim, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?

6 So Jehoiakim slept with his fathers: and Jehoiachin his son reigned in his stead.

7 And the king of Egypt came not again any more out of his land: for the king of Babylon had taken from the river of Egypt unto the river Euphrates all that pertained to the king of Egypt.

Jehoiachim captive in Babylon

8 Jehoiachin was eighteen years old when he began to reign, and he reigned in Jerusalem three months. And his mother’s name was Nehushta, the daughter of Elnathan of Jerusalem.

9 And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD, according to all that his father had done.

10 At that time the servants of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came up against Jerusalem, and the city was besieged.

11 And Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came against the city, and his servants did besiege it.

12 And Jehoiachin the king of Judah went out to the king of Babylon, he, and his mother, and his servants, and his princes, and his officers: and the king of Babylon took him in the eighth year of his reign.

13 And he carried out thence all the treasures of the house of the LORD, and the treasures of the king’s house, and cut in pieces all the vessels of gold which Solomon king of Israel had made in the temple of the LORD, as the LORD had said.

14 And he carried away all Jerusalem, and all the princes, and all the mighty men of valour, even ten thousand captives, and all the craftsmen and smiths: none remained, save the poorest sort of the people of the land.

15 And he carried away Jehoiachin to Babylon, and the king’s mother, and the king’s wives, and his officers, and the mighty of the land, those carried he into captivity from Jerusalem to Babylon.

16 And all the men of might, even seven thousand, and craftsmen and smiths a thousand, all that were strong and apt for war, even them the king of Babylon brought captive to Babylon.

17 And the king of Babylon made Mattaniah his father’s brother king in his stead, and changed his name to Zedekiah.

18 Zedekiah was twenty and one years old when he began to reign, and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem. And his mother’s name was Hamutal, the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah.

19 And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD, according to all that Jehoiakim had done.

20 For through the anger of the LORD it came to pass in Jerusalem and Judah, until he had cast them out from his presence, that Zedekiah rebelled against the king of Babylon.

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G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 1. Days. At the end of the third year. Dan. i. 1. Jer. xxv. 1. Nabuchadonosor, in the first year of his reign, (Jer. ib.) being associated in the empire by his aged father Nabopolassar, came up to attack Carchemis, (Jer. xlvi. 1.) and the other dominions of Egypt, (v. 7.) and their ally or vassal Joakim. He took the city of Jerusalem, and carried off many of the sacred vessels, and captives, (Dan. i. C.) conducting the king himself to prison, for a short time, when he set him at liberty, on condition that he should pay tribute. 2 Par. xxxvi. 6. T. — Joakim obeyed for 3 years.Then again. Heb. “he turned and rebelled.” This was the first time, as he had before been subject to Egypt, and was attacked no that account. He probably took advantage of the absence of Nabuchodonosor, who was gone with haste to secure all the dominions of his deceased father. In the 7th year of his reign, he sent rovers to punish Joakim. When the latter had reigned near 11 years, they reduced the kingdom, and treated the king’s corpse with the utmost indignity. Jer. xxii. 19. T.

Ver. 2. The rovers. Latrunculos. Bands or parties of men, who pillaged and plundered wherever they came. Ch. See C. v. 2. and Judg. xi. 3. — Nabuchodonosor could not come in person. — Prophets. Holda, sup. C. xxii. 16. Isaias C. xx. 17. Jeremias xiv. xv. xvi. &c.

Ver. 5. Did. Paral. And his abominations which he wrought, and the things which were found in him. This S. Jerom, (Trad.) explains of certain diabolical marks on his body, shewing him to be devoted to the fiend Codonasar. Suchar are often found on magicians. M. — Thus the priests of Baal cut themselves. 3 K. xviii. 28. H.

Ver. 6. Joachin, who is styled Jechonias, Mat. i. and Conias Jer. xxii. 24. The prophet counts his reign as nothing, because it was so limited by the Chaldees, and continued only three months. Jer. xxxvi. 30.

Ver. 7. Egypt, at least from the eastern mouth of the Nile, at Damietta, to the Euphrates. Nechao had conquered all those countries: but now he was driven into his ancient territories. After some time he attempted to relieve Sedecias, but war repulsed by Nabuchodonosor, who soon after took Jerusalem, Jer. xxxvii. 6. C. — Again, during the reign of Joachin. D.

Ver. 8. Eighteen. One Heb. MS. reads “thirteen,” (H.) or 3 instead of 8. Kennicott. — The number seems also (H.) to be incorrect in Paral. where we find that Joachin was only eight years old, as the Syr. and Arab. have 18 in both places, and it could not well be said, that he did evil, &c. (v. 9.) at the age of 8, much less that he had wives so soon, v. 15. C. — Some attempt to reconcile both places, by saying that the eight years refer to the commencement of his father’s reign; (Jun.) which is very unusual: (C.) or to the servitude of Babylon, when Jerusalem was taken under Joakim. Hardouin. — Sanctius conjectures that Joachin was associated with his father when he was 10 years old, and after 8 years became sole king. Kimchi, &c. D.

Ver. 9. Done. Ezechiel xix. 5. and Jeremias xxii. 24. speak of this king under the name of (H.) Jechonias. C.

Ver. 10. Came. Heb. “servants…he came.” But several MSS. are more accurate and grammatical, “they came.” Kennicott. H.

Ver. 12. Went out. Josephus (Bel. vi. 8.) insinuates, to save the vessels of the temple. — Jeremias had persuaded him to desist from making resistance. T. — Nabuchodonosor did not comply with his promise, (M.) but took the king and all the artificers (v. 14.) to Babylon, that the former might not attempt to revenge the injuries done to his father, nor the latter contribute to fortify the towns. The Philistines had deprived the Israelites of blacksmiths, with the same design. 1 K. vii. and xiii. Angelomus. T. — Eighth; commencing, or at the end of the seventh. Jer. lii. D.

Ver. 13. All, or a great part; for some were still left. 1 Esd. i. — Which: or like unto those which Solomon had made. The identical vessels had been perhaps (D.) plundered. M. — Nabuchodonosor took away the sacred vessels at three different times: 1. under Joakim. These he placed in the temple of his god; and they were afterwards profaned by Baltassar, and restored by Cyrus. Dan. i. 2. and v. 2. and 1 Esd. i. 7. 2. Many he now broke in pieces. 3. Under Sedecias, he took probably what that prince had made. C. xxv. 13. Bar. i. 7 — Lord, by Isaias (xxxix. 6. Sup. C. xx. 17.) and Jeremias, xv. 13.

Ver. 14. All; the chief men. C. xxv. 18. Ezechiel and Mardocheus were in the number. — Engraver. The first term means a workman in wood, stone, &c.; the latter seems to designate a mason, smith, or garrison-soldier; (C.) or one expert in making camps; (Sa.) an engineer. T. — S. Jerom explains it of one who enchases jewels in gold. M. — Hecateus and Demetrius (ap. Jos. and Clem.Alex.) mention this transportation. D.

Ver. 15. Judges. Heb. “the rams.” Chal. “the grandees.” These are not included in the 10,000, (v. 14.) nor more than (C.) the 8,000 who were taken from the country (v. 16. C.;) or 3,000 were taken from Jerusalem, and 7,000 from other places. D.

Ver. 17. Uncle, the third son of Josias, who was placed on the throne. H. — The eldest, (M.) called Johanan, seems to have died in his youth. C. — Sedecias means, “the justice of God,” (T.) as Nabuchodonosor had adjured him, or made him swear by God; (2 Par. xxxvi. 15. H.) and thus insinuated, that, if he proved faithless, he should feel the effects of God’s justice, as it happened. T.

Ver. 19. Done. He was not deterred by his punishment, nor by the admonition of Jeremias, xxxvii. 2. and 2 Par. xxxvi. 12. The prophet informs us, that the priests and people defiled the temple of God. See Ezechiel viii. &c. C.

Ver. 20. Revolted. Lit. “departed;” (H.) “broke his covenant;” (Sept.) acting contrary to his oath, (Par.) and to the dictates of prudence. God permitted this to take place, in the 8th year of Sedecias. C.