King James Bible
with Catholic Commentary by George Leo Haydock

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2 Kings 12

Jehoash orders the repair of the temple. (1-16) He is slain by his servants. (17-21)

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Jehoash orders the repair of the temple

1 In the seventh year of Jehu Jehoash began to reign; and forty years reigned he in Jerusalem. And his mother’s name was Zibiah of Beersheba.

2 And Jehoash did that which was right in the sight of the LORD all his days wherein Jehoiada the priest instructed him.

3 But the high places were not taken away: the people still sacrificed and burnt incense in the high places.

4 And Jehoash said to the priests, All the money of the dedicated things that is brought into the house of the LORD, even the money of every one that passeth the account, the money that every man is set at, and all the money that cometh into any man’s heart to bring into the house of the LORD,

5 Let the priests take it to them, every man of his acquaintance: and let them repair the breaches of the house, wheresoever any breach shall be found.

6 But it was so, that in the three and twentieth year of king Jehoash the priests had not repaired the breaches of the house.

7 Then king Jehoash called for Jehoiada the priest, and the other priests, and said unto them, Why repair ye not the breaches of the house? now therefore receive no more money of your acquaintance, but deliver it for the breaches of the house.

8 And the priests consented to receive no more money of the people, neither to repair the breaches of the house.

9 But Jehoiada the priest took a chest, and bored a hole in the lid of it, and set it beside the altar, on the right side as one cometh into the house of the LORD: and the priests that kept the door put therein all the money that was brought into the house of the LORD.

10 And it was so, when they saw that there was much money in the chest, that the king’s scribe and the high priest came up, and they put up in bags, and told the money that was found in the house of the LORD.

11 And they gave the money, being told, into the hands of them that did the work, that had the oversight of the house of the LORD: and they laid it out to the carpenters and builders, that wrought upon the house of the LORD,

12 And to masons, and hewers of stone, and to buy timber and hewed stone to repair the breaches of the house of the LORD, and for all that was laid out for the house to repair it.

13 Howbeit there were not made for the house of the LORD bowls of silver, snuffers, basons, trumpets, any vessels of gold, or vessels of silver, of the money that was brought into the house of the LORD:

14 But they gave that to the workmen, and repaired therewith the house of the LORD.

15 Moreover they reckoned not with the men, into whose hand they delivered the money to be bestowed on workmen: for they dealt faithfully.

16 The trespass money and sin money was not brought into the house of the LORD: it was the priests’.

He is slain by his servants

17 Then Hazael king of Syria went up, and fought against Gath, and took it: and Hazael set his face to go up to Jerusalem.

18 And Jehoash king of Judah took all the hallowed things that Jehoshaphat, and Jehoram, and Ahaziah, his fathers, kings of Judah, had dedicated, and his own hallowed things, and all the gold that was found in the treasures of the house of the LORD, and in the king’s house, and sent it to Hazael king of Syria: and he went away from Jerusalem.

19 And the rest of the acts of Joash, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?

20 And his servants arose, and made a conspiracy, and slew Joash in the house of Millo, which goeth down to Silla.

21 For Jozachar the son of Shimeath, and Jehozabad the son of Shomer, his servants, smote him, and he died; and they buried him with his fathers in the city of David: and Amaziah his son reigned in his stead.

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G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 2. Taught him. Joiada lived, at least, till the 23d year of the reign of Joas, (v. 6.) and the king seems to have persevered some time longer in virtue.

Ver. 3. Places, to the true God, but contrary to his law. The king was deterred from overturning these altars, through human policy; which did not meet with the divine approbation. C. See 3 K. xxii. 24. Deut. xii. 8.

Ver. 4. Sanctified. That is, dedicated to God’s service. Ch. — Lit. “of the holy” sanctorum. H. — For the use of the sanctuary. — Pass, as strangers, (3 K. viii. 41.) desiring sacrifice to be offered, (Grotius) or who pass in the roll of those who have attained their 20th year, and are obliged to pay half a sicle. Ex. xx. 13. 14. This was the first fund which had been turned to a different purpose by the priests, (C.) under the wicked kings. H. — Soul. that is, the ordinary oblation, which every soul was to offer by the law. Exod. xxx. Ch. — Or, this was a second fund arising from the redemption of vows. Lev. xxi. 2. — Lord. Voluntary contributions, like that of the widow, (Luke xxi. 2.) were also recommended; and Joas sent Levites throughout the land, every year, to collect what they could, for the reparation of the temple. 2 Par. xxiv. 5.

Ver. 5. Order. Heb. “acquaintance.” Let them receive the contributions on the spot where they reside; or, let those who are on duty in the temple take them. C. — Thing. Heb. “breach,” badek, a term which the Sept. retain. H.

Ver. 6. Temple. It is not known when the king gave his orders; but they were executed with negligence, as they seemed to interfere (C.) with the emoluments assigned by the law to the Levites. 2 Par. xxiv. 5. H. — The latter Jews were obliged to pay half a sicle towards the repairs of the temple. T.

Ver. 8. Forbidden. Heb. Sept. &c. “And the priests consented to take no,” &c. They were also obliged to restore what they had already received. C.

Ver. 9. By the altar, yet without the enclosure, that any person might freely put in what he thought proper. 2 Par. xxiv. 8. Priests were still appointed to watch, that no fraud was committed: and they counted the money which the law ordained to be paid. Josephus (Bel. vi. 5.) speaks of many coffers; one might be near the altar, and another out of the door. M.

Ver. 10. Priest, or his deputy. Paral. C. — Out. Prot. “put it up in bags,” (H.) or tied and afterwards weighed it.

Ver. 11. And they. The king and the high priest conjointly. Paral.

Ver. 13. Bowls. Chal. “silver chalices.” The precise import of the Heb. term is not well known. M. — Lord. After the repairs were finished, the remaining money, which was very considerable, was however employed for these purposes, 2 Par. xxiv. 14. C. M.

Ver. 15. Faithfully, and corresponded with the trust reposed in them. H.

Ver. 16. Sins. These terms seem to be synonymous, though they may be distinguished. Lev. iv. 2. and v. 15. If any one forgot to pay tithes, he was bound to make full reparation to the priests; (Tostat.) and the money which was given to them by strangers, to offer sacrifice, was not taken from them. C.

Ver. 17. Then. After the death of Joiada, the king gave way to the greatest excesses of idolatry, and even murdered the son of his greatest benefactor. Hereupon the justice of God fell heavy upon him; Geth was taken, Jerusalem only saved by giving up all the sacred treasures, &c.: yea, the very next year, Hazael returned, routed the forces of Juda, and wounded the king, who on his return to the palace was murdered by conspirators, (C.) to revenge the death of Zacharias. 2 Par. xxiv. 25. Joseph. ix. 8.

Ver. 18. Joram, &c. These are accused of plundering the temple, 2 Par. xxiv. 7. But they might make some presents, through ostentation. How many rob the poor, while they erect magnificent altars to the God of the poor! C.

Ver. 20. Sella. A flight of steps leading to the temple. H. — The palace was at the bottom of it, and had been built by Solomon. Here Joas was slain in his bed. Paral.

Ver. 21. Josachar, or Zabad, the son of Semmaath, an Ammonitess, and Jozabad, the son of Semarith, a Moabitess. Par. Both their mothers were of foreign extraction. C. — People have frequently two names. — Somer is the father of Jozabad. M. — David. Achaz was treated in like manner. The fear of this infamy might tend to keep the kings in awe. After death, the kings of Egypt might be accused, and deprived of sepulture, if their crimes deserved it: as many of them were. Diod. i. p. 46. C. — Thus Joas was covered with eternal infamy, after he had begun so well. Finis coronat opus. H.